Main meanings of hold in English

: hold1hold2


Pronunciation /həʊld/

See synonyms for hold

Translate hold into Spanish


  • 1with object Grasp, carry, or support with one's hands.

    ‘she was holding a brown leather suitcase’
    • ‘In the afternoon a banner proclaiming his victory is unrolled and held by supporters.’
    • ‘Elizabeth looked up to see an adorable girl of about seven holding a small blue ball.’
    • ‘They both gathered in the dining room, where Hilkin was standing, holding a large brown bag.’
    • ‘As he walked towards Pierre a man came from the back holding a huge old leather-bound book.’
    • ‘Alex tries to get out of his grasp but that just causes him to hold her even tighter.’
    • ‘She looked behind her to see Jeff holding one of the automatics.’
    • ‘When he had to enter the lift the next day, he held on tight to his mother's hand.’
    • ‘His head's still swimming so he holds on tight to her waist so he doesn't fall.’
    • ‘He was holding on so tight I was sure I'd have a bruise on my arm soon.’
    • ‘I grabbed her in a hug, wrapping my arms around her and holding on tight.’
    • ‘The men held tightly onto my arms, I tried to struggle.’
    • ‘Two of them were holding her by the arms while another said she didn't have to say anything.’
    • ‘An older man with white hair followed her, holding a black medical bag in his hand.’
    • ‘He ran off with the bag down Anerley Road - but he missed Mrs Young's purse, which she was holding in her hand throughout the robbery.’
    • ‘It was the first time he was able to hold his new baby son Joshua.’
    • ‘Adrienne's eyes widen and she struggles not to spill the drink she is holding.’
    • ‘Ryan held his mother's hand as he watched her chest rise and fall.’
    • ‘A small group of supporters gathered outside the hospital holding bouquets of flowers.’
    • ‘Her knees were wobbling as she held onto the back of my chair for support.’
    • ‘Lexie, hold on to my hand, okay?’
    • ‘She stopped a Japanese guy who was holding a cup of coffee and didn't seem in as much of a rush as the rest of the people there.’
    clasp, hold on to, clutch, grasp, grip, clench, cling to, have in one's hand
    View synonyms
    1. 1.1with object and adverbial Keep or sustain in a specified position.
      ‘I held the door open for him’
      • ‘A woman claimed she felt herself being held down as she came round from an operation.’
      • ‘He sniffed haughtily, holding open the door for them and watching as they shuffled past.’
      • ‘The security men were holding back the crowd to let the shaken minister and the officials get into a waiting car.’
      • ‘Firefighters from Leigh, Hadleigh and Southend were held back by the intense heat and smoke as they tried to battle the blaze.’
      • ‘This often involves several members of staff holding the pupil down in a restrictive position.’
      • ‘Women are held down by the expectations of society.’
      • ‘They looked over my shoulder, and when I turned round I saw a security guard holding this guy down by lying on top of him.’
      • ‘To check proper adjustment hold the trigger back with the grip safety released and work the hammer back and forth.’
      • ‘I wore a mid length suede skirt, a long oversized cardigan, some comfy shoes and my hair was held back with the aid of an Alice band.’
      • ‘A crowd of up to 200 protesters were held back by troops who used screens and riot shields to form a pathway for the terrified youngsters and their parents.’
      • ‘He held the rag over her noise and mouth until she slumped over in his arms.’
      • ‘I took a stick of red wax and held it over the fire of a burning candle until it was so hot that it dripped.’
      • ‘Before the advent of modern fastenings, clothes were held together with brooches, or with belts and straps like this one.’
      • ‘As she passed our row, I noticed that her spectacles were held together by generous amounts of sticky tape.’
      • ‘The official holds up each vote for the crowd to see, and is greeted with cheers or boos from the good natured crowd.’
      • ‘In flight, they hold their wings up in a slight ‘V’ position.’
      • ‘When you walk, stay tall with your head and shoulders back; and hold your head up just slightly.’
      • ‘Smart cards can be programmed so building occupants simply hold a card up to the reader.’
      • ‘Weakly she attempted to hold herself upright by clutching at the rough bricks.’
      • ‘But he put his arms around me in an embrace, then held me away to look at me.’
    2. 1.2Embrace (someone)
      ‘Mark pulled her into his arms and held her close’
      • ‘Couples embraced, mothers held their children close, men nodded to each other.’
      • ‘Instinctively I pulled Danny into my arms and held him close.’
      • ‘Ray put his arms around me and held me close to him, so I rested my head against his shoulder.’
      • ‘He put his arms around me and held me close; I had never felt so safe in all of my life.’
      • ‘Watching her, I wanted to take her up in my arms, squeeze her, hold her so close the way I used to.’
      • ‘As he slowly slides his arms around me, holding me gently in an embrace, I once again start to panic.’
      • ‘I put my arms around her and pulled her closer to me, holding her tightly.’
      • ‘I didn't say a word as I rushed into the house and threw my arms around his neck, holding him close and kissing his lips.’
      • ‘His arms tightened around me, holding me even closer, if that was possible.’
      • ‘When we came up his arms were around me and he was holding me close against his chest.’
      • ‘I didn't resist as he put his arms around my shoulders and held me close to his body.’
      • ‘He wrapped his arms around me again and held me close to him, kissing me passionately.’
      • ‘Once he was gone Silvia broke down fully in a fit of tears, still holding her son close and rocking him slowly in her arms.’
      • ‘He cracked a sleepy smile and leant forwards, enveloping me in his arms and holding me tightly.’
      • ‘Leaping up from the ground, she threw her arms around him and held him tight.’
      • ‘I wanted to hold him close to me and whisper in his ear that he'd be fine.’
      • ‘Young mothers who were pale with fear and shock held their children as close as they could to protect them.’
      • ‘Sam was holding her close, supporting her easily as he gazed down at her, a soft expression on his face.’
      • ‘She started to cry, and Dad picked her up, holding her close.’
      • ‘After the second kiss they just stayed on the bench holding each other.’
      embrace, hug, clasp, cradle, fold, enfold, envelop, squeeze, hold tight, hold in one's arms
      View synonyms
    3. 1.3Be able to bear (the weight of a person or thing)
      ‘I reached up to the nearest branch which seemed likely to hold my weight’
      • ‘She toke a deep breath and licked her lips before she stood up again and as if by a miracle, her legs were able to hold her weight.’
      • ‘I picked a random room and walked in, not being able to hold Corbin's weight long enough to find his room.’
      • ‘Several pieces of wood joined together can hold more weight than just a piece of wood.’
      • ‘The rope snapped at his wrists as it burned into him, holding all his weight.’
      • ‘Metal buildings are usually engineered to hold only the weight of the standing seam metal.’
      • ‘Makala leaned on him and let him hold most of her weight as he led her upstairs to his apartment.’
      • ‘The railing wasn't meant to hold that much weight, so it collapsed backwards.’
      • ‘The lock has a heavy-duty level strength rating, meaning it holds more weight.’
      support, bear, carry, take, hold up, keep up, sustain, prop up, bolster up, shore up, buttress, brace
      View synonyms
    4. 1.4(of a vehicle) maintain close contact with (the road), especially when driven at speed.
      ‘the car holds the corners very well’
      • ‘The car holds the road very, very well at whatever speed I put it to, and I got her up to 110 to 115.’
      • ‘Certainly the car holds the road well and steers nicely and positively, whether on rural rides or slamming it down the motorway.’
      • ‘The Cooper S holds the road well and although the ride can be a little stiff at times, that's only to be expected with something this sporty.’
      • ‘Today's Signa and Vectra hold the road with an accuracy and tenacity alien to their ancestors, making them good fun to drive.’
      • ‘As I've noted before, the Primera is extremely surefooted and I've now discovered that it holds the road well in ice and snow.’
      • ‘It was a good driving experience, though; it held the road well and the steering felt smooth.’
      • ‘I felt safe going around the corners because it held the road quite well.’
    5. 1.5(of a ship or an aircraft) continue to follow (a particular course)
      ‘the ship is holding a south-easterly course’
      • ‘The night was still, with no breeze at all, yet the fully rigged ship continued to hold her course for land.’
      • ‘For the moment I held a steady course and kept a focus on the orientation instruments .’
      • ‘The minister's mission is to hold a steady course until the next general election.’
    6. 1.6 archaic no object, with adverbial of direction Keep going in a particular direction.
      • ‘he held on his way, close behind his friend’
  • 2with object Keep or detain (someone)

    ‘the police were holding him on a murder charge’
    • ‘she was held prisoner for two days’
    • ‘Police say he held the woman at gunpoint for about an hour.’
    • ‘We were held in a police cell for a week, and some of us were suspended from our jobs.’
    • ‘The government changed the law at the beginning of last year to allow the police to hold people for 14 days rather than seven.’
    • ‘One of the men tried to hijack a car, but the woman driver managed to raise the alarm and the man was held until police arrived to arrest him.’
    • ‘Some of those detained are reportedly being held in solitary confinement.’
    • ‘He was held in prison for over a year.’
    • ‘Police said although the man was unharmed he was held hostage for between three and four hours.’
    • ‘I was held in a cell with 20 other prisoners with no room to manoeuvre.’
    • ‘A second man being held in custody was released without charge, Lancashire Police said.’
    • ‘He held her prisoner for more than five hours while police surrounded her home.’
    • ‘He has been detained by immigration authorities, who can hold him for 48 hours while determining his status.’
    • ‘No explanation was given as to why the man was detained or the conditions under which he was held.’
    • ‘He was held in custody overnight, and was being questioned by police yesterday.’
    • ‘A police officer was given a national police bravery award for tackling a gunman who was holding his children hostage.’
    • ‘In 1967 he was shot down and he was held as a prisoner-of-war in Hanoi for five-and-a-half years.’
    • ‘She was held first in a prison, then transferred to house arrest in September last year.’
    • ‘We pass under the Bridge of Sighs, which leads into the old prisons where Casanova was once held captive.’
    • ‘But the son, who was riding in a separate car, was held hostage at the embassy in Bangkok.’
    • ‘Hundreds of political prisoners arrested in previous years continue to be held without trial.’
    • ‘Military hearings are under way at the camp to ascertain whether detainees should continue to be held.’
    detain, hold in custody, imprison, lock up, shut up, put behind bars, put in prison, put in jail, incarcerate, keep under lock and key, confine, impound, immure, intern, constrain, keep under constraint
    View synonyms
    1. 2.1Keep possession of (something), typically in the face of a challenge or attack.
      ‘the rebels held the town for many weeks’
      • ‘Only the original rebel group which holds the northern half of Ivory Coast is, so far, in talks with the government.’
      • ‘Rebels hold the north and loyalist forces the south of what was considered a haven of peace and prosperity until a 1999 coup.’
      • ‘Thousands of others remain trapped in the northern hills held by the rebels.’
      • ‘Even if the party holds on to the government, the position of the president and his government would be weakened.’
      • ‘Six-time defending champ Lance Armstrong held on to the overall lead, cruising to a safe finish in the fifth stage of the Tour de France.’
      • ‘St Kieran's Jim O'Donovan who played superbly in the second half, holds on to his place at midfield with Niall Moran the player to lose out.’
      • ‘The Federal Opposition Leader says her work in the community will ensure she holds on to the seat of Ballarat.’
      • ‘She achieved her best time for the marathon of 2hrs 55 mins in London nine years ago and still holds the Rochdale 20 course record.’
      • ‘The USA continues to defy the odds by holding on to their slender lead in their Chess Summit match against China.’
      • ‘The citizens of Prague rose in revolt against the occupying German forces on 5 May 1945 and held the city until the Russian Army arrived four days later.’
      • ‘This may be the key to why Labour is likely to hold Shipley but lose Finchley to the Tories.’
      • ‘He also holds the England goalscoring record, getting 49 goals in 106 games.’
      • ‘Commanders and their staff sometimes made lethal errors and engaged positions their own men held.’
      • ‘Doona struck the first of his two goals ten minutes into the first half, a lead which they held at the break.’
      • ‘While the party suffered yet another crushing defeat, he was able to hold a safe Labor seat.’
    2. 2.2Keep (someone's interest or attention).
      ‘While not quite worthy of some of the hype it received last year, Monster's Ball is an interesting film that certainly holds your attention.’
      • ‘She moved closer to the window to see what had been interesting enough to hold Amber's attention.’
      • ‘Ailsa glanced at it again, then decided it wasn't interesting enough to hold her attention.’
      • ‘Attracting a crowd and holding its attention is something old media companies could do because they had a distribution stranglehold.’
      • ‘She can transform the most boring plot into an interesting and informative story, which can hold the attention of any child.’
      • ‘Newspapers, magazines, television and computers all fight to attract and hold our attention.’
      • ‘The spark had gone out of him and what he used to find amusing held no interest for him any longer.’
      • ‘Nothing seems to really hold my interest long enough to make me pay enough attention to it.’
      • ‘You have an ability to concentrate and work intently on anything which holds your interest.’
      • ‘Even the election isn't fully holding my interest, and Heaven knows if ever there was an interesting election, this one is it.’
      • ‘It was a highly entertaining and competitive match that held the attention of all to the very end.’
      • ‘Adverts on the Internet must attract and hold attention, and quickly communicate a positive benefit for the brand.’
      • ‘The result is a flawed but intriguing film that succeeds in holding your attention with a number of fine set pieces and some gleefully relaxed performances.’
      • ‘Their curiosity is endless and finding something to do which is engrossing enough to hold their attention for a while is difficult.’
      • ‘There is enough diversity among the songs to hold one's interest but not so much fluctuation that the relaxed mood is disrupted.’
      • ‘After that, though, there wasn't much to hold their interest, and they both sank into a doze.’
      • ‘Sure, we noticed that the election campaign had begun, but it failed to hold our interest for long.’
      • ‘It's a strong, surprising show that holds everyone's interest and makes us forget the penetrating chill of the building.’
      • ‘Reilly's story, one of loyalty, brotherhood, and dogged determination, captures and holds the reader's attention.’
      • ‘The menu itself is interesting enough to hold's one attention for several minutes.’
      maintain, keep, keep up, keep alive, occupy, engross, absorb, interest, captivate, fascinate, enthral, rivet, monopolize
      View synonyms
    3. 2.3(of a singer or musician) sustain (a note).
      ‘Unfortunately for us the singer can actually hold a note, thereby making all of his vocals entirely understandable.’
      • ‘Unfortunately the singers having some trouble holding the notes and it seems to be sapping the energy they're all generating.’
      • ‘The singer can't really hold a tune.’
      • ‘A lone cello holds a plaintive note under acoustic strumming as Rouse intones in a delicate, flaky voice: ‘It's a great world.’’
      • ‘I sang, slowing the song right down and holding the note, knowing it would impress people.’
      • ‘Now it's up to von Tetzchner to prove that, like any accomplished tenor, he can hold a note.’
      • ‘A trumpet appears at the end of the song, plucks a note from the air and holds it until I think something will burst.’
    4. 2.4Stay or cause to stay at a certain value or level.
      no object ‘MCI shares held at 77p’
      • ‘they are trying to hold public spending to £244.5 billion’
      • ‘Rather than cutting spending, it should be held at current levels to create stability in the system.’
      • ‘It has been held at that level for the whole time this Government has been in office.’
      • ‘The decision was widely expected by analysts and borrowing costs have now been held at their current levels since the start of June.’
      • ‘The change has helped hold down inflation levels even as it promotes global growth.’
      • ‘He said he expects to hold this higher level of spending through next year.’
      • ‘Cheeses age at different rates and must be held at constant temperatures to achieve their optimum flavour.’
      • ‘While holding the increase in overall spending to less than 4 percent, the budget proposes increases in several areas.’
      • ‘The unemployment rate held at 5.6 percent and more job-seekers left the work force.’
      • ‘On Wall Street the major averages held steady throughout the day.’
      • ‘Markets outside the US such as Asia where exporters quote in dollars will also offer greater opportunities, if the dollar holds at current levels, he said.’
    5. 2.5(in sport) manage to achieve a draw against (opponents thought likely to win)
      ‘AC Milan were held to a 1–1 draw by Udinese’
      • ‘Keighley Shamrocks also played out a goalless draw as they held Division One leaders Ardsley Celtic at home.’
      • ‘And at the interval they were holding their more illustrious opponents as they went into the break level.’
      • ‘If Astle had scored England could have come home from Mexico having held the greatest team to have played the game to a draw.’
      • ‘San Marino were beaten, Croatia were held, and Brown's escapology confounded his critics once more.’
      • ‘Uzbekistan weathered a storm of China's attacks, holding the host to a scoreless draw in the first half.’
      • ‘In Africa, Ivory Coast stayed on course for a World Cup debut after holding Libya to a 0-0 draw in Tripoli.’
      • ‘Blackburn Rovers gave themselves a terrific chance of reaching a second successive Worthington Cup final by holding Manchester United to a 1-1 draw at Old Trafford last night.’
      • ‘Slovenia scored a priceless away goal and succeeded in holding Croatia to a 1-1 draw in the first leg of their playoff.’
      • ‘Three seasons ago in this cup Berwick held Hearts and went ahead in the replay in Edinburgh only to lose late on.’
      • ‘Few would have backed him to get a win over Liverpool, and many would have baulked at a belief they could hold high-flying Everton.’
  • 3no object Remain secure, intact, or in position without breaking or giving way.

    ‘the boat's anchor would not hold’
    • ‘The Oxford defence held firm throughout while James Forrest continually harassed the home defence.’
    • ‘Coastal defences had held well under the extreme conditions of recent days, the Environment Agency said.’
    • ‘The arches supporting the weight above still held as strong as the day they were built.’
    • ‘Authorities say that so far the timber dam is holding but it could send six feet of water rushing into downtown.’
    • ‘Julia stared nervously at the thin cord as it shifted under Asha's weight, fearing the tiny anchor would not hold.’
    • ‘We pray that it continues to hold, otherwise we face the risk of the train detaching itself and rocketing back down through the tunnel.’
    • ‘For some time now, no one has seriously believed those restraints would hold.’
    1. 3.1(of a favourable condition or situation) continue without changing.
      ‘let's hope her luck holds’
      • ‘We expect the ceasefire to continue holding in order to enable this process to move forward at a quicker pace.’
      • ‘So it is back to square one unless the Good Friday Agreement holds.’
      • ‘The troops are still there, of course, and the peace is still holding.’
      • ‘Peace has held for six years but political, economic and social life is still on its way to recovery.’
      • ‘I hope my luck holds, but finding the coupon was a big enough boost anyway.’
      • ‘On day three, the weather was continuing to hold, so they sailed about five miles west to the island of Boreray.’
      • ‘The Tories are pinning their hopes on a May election and optimistically predict a hung parliament if today's poll findings continue to hold.’
      • ‘Croft watched the sky redden and hoped the weather would continue to hold.’
      • ‘According to the most recent reports, the ceasefire seems to be holding.’
      • ‘The ceasefire brokered in the aftermath of the attack is shaky but continues to hold.’
      • ‘I was the second to last person on board and my luck continued to hold with an empty seat beside mine so there was extra underseat space to stash my stuff.’
      • ‘For now, however, the ceasefire holds with both sides of the political divide stating their continued commitment to the peace process.’
      continue, carry on, go on, hold on, hold out, keep up, keep going, last, persist, endure, stay, remain, remain unchanged
      View synonyms
    2. 3.2Be or remain valid or available.
      ‘I'll have that coffee now, if the offer still holds’
      • ‘None of these conditions is likely to hold in the situations we studied.’
      • ‘It makes sense as a matter of economics only when several conditions hold.’
      • ‘Our offer still holds. If they want to have a debate and a vote on a constitutional amendment, we're prepared to accept that agreement.’
      • ‘The old argument that it was necessary to pay these CEOs high salaries in order to retain them no longer holds.’
      • ‘What we want at this meeting is clarification about whether this agreement from 1993 still holds.’
      • ‘The same argument holds if some section of the population hold a disproportionate amount of wealth and power - you essentially get a de facto aristocracy.’
      • ‘But the context usually makes clear which is meant and this argument doesn't hold for all such words.’
      • ‘Clearly some explanations hold in some situations and not in others, but one factor that all studies have found to be important is a history of conflict.’
      • ‘The association between frequency of heroin use and dependence appears to hold only for males.’
      • ‘In fact, most of the systems in place in medicine were never formally designed, and this holds for the entire process of giving drugs.’
      remain available, remain valid, remain in force, hold good, stand, apply, remain, exist, operate, obtain, be the case, be in force, be in operation, be in effect
      View synonyms
    3. 3.3(of an argument or theory) be logical, consistent, or convincing.
      ‘this basic argument holds for almost any economic model of competition’
      • ‘If your argument holds, why are you bothering to say anything here?’
      • ‘And if something travels faster than light Einstein's Theory doesn't hold.’
      • ‘She shows that the upbeat view doesn't hold up in the face of a careful examination of the numbers.’
      • ‘To me, it's not terribly important whether or not the theory holds up to scientific scrutiny.’
      • ‘Given the damning evidence that Secrest and Hyland present, this view no longer holds up.’
      • ‘This is the first theory I've heard that holds together on all levels.’
      • ‘Possibly she is so in love that she hasn't noticed that her boyfriend's story just doesn't hold together.’
      • ‘The plot holds together well, featuring a number of laugh-out-loud moments, and some terribly amusing twists.’
  • 4with object Contain or be capable of containing (a specified amount)

    ‘the tank held twenty-four gallons’
    • ‘My lungs feel like they have suddenly compressed and aren't big enough to hold an adequate amount of oxygen.’
    • ‘DVDs are capable of holding 7 times the amount of space compared to your typical CD.’
    • ‘He pulled his gym bag from under his bed, thinking that it would be big enough to hold everything for the next two days.’
    • ‘Combine all the ingredients in a saucepan big enough to hold everything, including the pears.’
    • ‘Reservoirs could be designed to hold large amounts of water, and make it available during times of severe drought.’
    • ‘Handwoven out of natural straw, the basket is large enough to hold everything for a daily outing.’
    • ‘He wanted to find out which glass would hold the most amount of milk.’
    • ‘The large function room holds up to 200 people and the big screen also features the latest sporting events.’
    • ‘If my car holds 20 gallons of gas and I put only 10 gallons in it, I can only go half as far.’
    • ‘Parking at the auction centre is free, and there is a car park fronting the road which holds 650 cars.’
    • ‘Available in 12 or 24V versions for small and larger commercial vehicle applications, it holds 4.5 litres of water.’
    • ‘The average cruise ship holds about 2,000 passengers.’
    • ‘In the rescue call we were told the ship was holding 80 people plus.’
    • ‘The aircraft can hold more than 400, and the crew was worried they might not have a job when they got home.’
    • ‘Padraig is holding his own Golf Show in a specially constructed arena that will hold an audience of 1500.’
    • ‘We are talking about building a venue to hold 80,000 for a sport that is capable of filling it for one month this century.’
    • ‘Each container is able to hold a large amount of plastic garbage bags.’
    • ‘These dams built on the rivers will be able to hold the entire amount of water during a weak monsoon.’
    • ‘In a room that holds 3,000, there were people crammed into every available space.’
    • ‘The city has more than 15,000 rooms available and its largest meeting room holds 10,000 delegates.’
    • ‘He was in a tiny office that could barely hold the three desks crammed inside.’
    have a capacity of, take, have room for, have space for, contain, comprise
    View synonyms
    1. 4.1Be able to drink (a reasonable amount of alcohol) without becoming drunk or suffering any ill effects.
      ‘I can hold my drink as well as anyone’
      • ‘The judge said he thought it much more likely it was not being able to hold his drink which had triggered Hussain's actions and contributed to his loss of temper.’
      • ‘He really can't hold his drink well though, half a shandy and he started pouring his little heart out to me on the way back to the hotel.’
      • ‘Jake was famous for not being able to hold his drink.’
      • ‘Some men may not want to hear this, but scientists have found women are better at holding their drink.’
    2. 4.2Have or be characterized by.
      ‘I don't know what the future holds’
      • ‘Whatever the future holds this has certainly opened the eyes of governments around the globe.’
      • ‘Once more the computer was produced to show me what the future held, based on a range of percentage growth projections.’
      • ‘Of course, like anything in the future, this holds terrifying possibilities.’
      • ‘Towards the end of the book he looks at what the future holds, based on programmes that have been funded and are about to start.’
      • ‘The future of nursing holds a myriad of challenges.’
      • ‘But for Pauline every working day holds fears of another attack, after armed robbers targeted the business for the fourth time in seven months.’
      • ‘While this ‘brave new world’ represents great challenges, it also holds the promise of great rewards.’
      • ‘Language thus holds the key to challenging and changing male hegemony.’
      • ‘It is the present and the future which hold much more interest.’
      • ‘Nevertheless, this biography of Theodore Swann holds something of interest for everyone.’
      • ‘We live in interesting times, which hold some of the greatest challenges the human race as a whole will have ever faced.’
      • ‘What lessons do you think this holds for modern day musicians who have easy access to far superior equipment?’
      • ‘For fans of acoustic blues, the concert calendar hasn't held this much promise in years.’
      • ‘I personally am looking forward to staying there as it holds a very special place in my heart.’
      • ‘Readers will spend more time with what is important to them and less time with information that holds little or no value for them.’
      • ‘They know the extreme importance exchange rate stability holds for future inflationary movements.’
      • ‘When all you could remember was captivity, freedom didn't hold that much appeal.’
      • ‘A verbal agreement can hold more weight than, or even entirely supercede, a written one.’
      • ‘This idea that freedom holds as much in the way of unhappiness as totalitarianism harks back to the existential writers who influenced Brink when he studied at the Sorbonne in the 1950s.’
      • ‘This theory holds even more truth today because with the amount of mixed and confusing messages regarding health and fitness, most consumers are confused.’
  • 5with object Have in one's possession.

    ‘the managing director still holds fifty shares in the company’
    • ‘He holds Bank of Ireland shares worth almost €4m.’
    • ‘Millions of former Abbey shareholders now hold Banco Santander shares.’
    • ‘However, these are high-risk trusts and the shares must be held for five years.’
    • ‘Fuel costs have added to concerns, but there are indications that the worst may be over for investors holding Ryanair shares.’
    • ‘The shares must be held for five years in order to avoid any withdrawal of the tax relief granted.’
    • ‘Personally, I like the idea of holding a few expensive shares within a balanced portfolio.’
    • ‘Glaxo holds the largest share of the worldwide pharmaceuticals market.’
    • ‘Each director shall hold one voting share in the company.’
    • ‘They will probably emerge holding a far greater share of the market, with two or three undisputed leaders in most sectors.’
    • ‘We were shown a written statement from one ex - member who remains terrified by the information the Church holds on him.’
    • ‘The Metcalfe Society, founded 25 years ago, claims to be the biggest one-name organisation in the world in terms of the data it holds on descendants and with 1,500 past and present members.’
    • ‘It should enable each citizen to see the contact data that government holds on him or her, and to know which public sector organisations have access to their contact data.’
    • ‘The CVA needs to win support from creditors holding at least 75 per cent of the total debt when it is voted upon.’
    • ‘An increased cash bid may win the support of KPN, the Dutch telco that holds a 21% stake in Eircom.’
    • ‘The defendants have paid settlement funds to Mr. Mann and they continue to be held in trust.’
    • ‘He of course holds an All Ireland winner's medal from 1978.’
    • ‘Huawei has been gradually accumulating its stake in Sunday since last year and now holds a 7.11 per cent interest.’
    • ‘Baker holds a significant financial interest in the company.’
    • ‘She holds a B.A. in music education from Greenville College and an M.A. in religion from Trinity Evangelical Divinity School.’
    • ‘Riders charged with driving offences can be fined and receive points on their driving licence even if they are not old enough to hold one.’
    possess, have, own, bear, carry, be the owner of, have in one's possession, be in possession of, have to one's name
    View synonyms
    1. 5.1North American informal no object Be in possession of illegal drugs.
      • ‘he was holding, and the police hauled him off to jail’
    2. 5.2Have or occupy (a job or position)
      ‘she held office from 1985 to 90’
      • ‘If nothing else, it's past time for a Hispanic to hold such a high office of state.’
      • ‘Women commonly hold both an office or factory job and the job of managing the household.’
      • ‘His younger brother, Alfred, would hold this same office five years later.’
      • ‘He took office under Bonar Law in 1922 as secretary of state for air and held the same office under Baldwin.’
      • ‘She's vying to become the first person from Saudi Arabia to hold elected office in this country.’
      • ‘It serves Pryor well because it gives him a shot at a lifetime appointment to the 11th U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals, a position he already holds on a temporary basis.’
      • ‘Upon returning to Thailand, he then began his long political career, holding numerous positions over the years.’
      • ‘In 1965 she became a judge of the Supreme Court of South Australia, the first woman in Australia to hold such a position.’
      • ‘For someone who holds such a powerful position in the NHS, it's striking that he's no older than the average hospital registrar.’
      • ‘Although ranked below the chief and chairman, a secretary holds a highly respected position.’
      • ‘It is a scandal that he is allowed to hold such a powerful position in the Republican Party.’
      • ‘As Professor he received 40 per year and was not allowed to hold any other positions inside the College or University.’
      • ‘The nobility held the highest positions in the Church, the army and the government.’
      • ‘He died of a heart attack, having held office for only one year and five months.’
      • ‘And of course there is nothing to stop conductors holding two such appointments simultaneously.’
      • ‘She held that position for more than 20 years, during which time she served on a number of public bodies.’
      • ‘Johnson held various temporary positions around Cambridge for the next 19 years.’
      • ‘By 1543 he had been appointed a Gentleman of the Chapel Royal, a position he held for the rest of his life.’
      • ‘Both of her parents were mayors of Sligo - her mother was the first woman ever to hold that position.’
      occupy, have, be in, fill
      View synonyms
    3. 5.3with object Have (a belief or opinion)
      ‘I feel nothing but pity for someone who holds such chauvinistic views’
      • ‘they hold that all literature is empty of meaning’
      • ‘Only 24 hours later, few within the party itself could pretend to hold such an optimistic opinion on the future of their leader.’
      • ‘Lavoisier's belief reveals that he still held a somewhat traditional view of elements.’
      • ‘It is a subject on which Evangelicals hold differing opinions.’
      • ‘Unfortunately, all too many parents and coaches hold the same view about youth soccer.’
      • ‘The findings of the survey challenge the belief held by many teachers that parents are behind a child's bad behaviour.’
      • ‘What we get from him is an attack on anyone who holds views that are different to his.’
      • ‘The values we hold have made us good neighbors for centuries, and they will keep us as strong allies and good friends for the centuries to come.’
      • ‘My observations are that unethical, immoral college students tend to hold those same personal values for most of their lives.’
      • ‘You may or may not hold these as values, but that is beside the point.’
      • ‘Further along still there is a no-compromise position which holds that in every sphere of business activity, human rights are binding and should be observed.’
      • ‘I also hold that the conditions under which animals are kept and hunted are morally wrong.’
      • ‘That theory holds that the universe was created 10 to 20 billion years ago when a cosmic explosion hurled matter in all directions.’
      • ‘One theory holds that depressed mothers are less able to plan activities for their children; another that they have a hard time interacting with their kids.’
      • ‘I did not believe in God, in Jesus, in any doctrine the church holds to be true.’
      • ‘It is just that their school places an emphasis on what it holds to be important subjects, hires good teachers and instils the necessary ambition in pupils.’
      • ‘It's a view the parish council holds to this day - and one with which the Highways Agency agreed.’
      • ‘His analysis holds that nurses have the greatest knowledge and least authority when it comes to patient care.’
      • ‘Ceasing to express a political opinion doesn't mean you stop holding it.’
      • ‘But I also hold the very strong view that republicans need to lead by example.’
      believe, think, consider, take the view, feel, maintain, swear, deem, be of the opinion, subscribe to the opinion
      View synonyms
    4. 5.4with object and complement Regard (someone or something) in a specified way.
      ‘you can't hold yourself responsible for what happened’
      • ‘the speed limit is held in contempt by many drivers’
      • ‘a concerto is generally held to be a piece for one or more soloists and orchestra’
      • ‘He holds the lawyer responsible for the death of his sister.’
      • ‘It's time to hold our elected officials responsible for what's happening in our hospitals.’
      • ‘Nor can he be held entirely responsible for the inadequacy of the flood defences, despite a specific warning well in advance.’
      • ‘They did not hold their doctors responsible for what they perceived to be a consequence of the scarcity of resources in the NHS.’
      • ‘The law does hold people responsible for failing to act if they are under a legal obligation to do so.’
      • ‘In some countries the law states that if underage youngsters break the law the parents are held responsible too.’
      • ‘Such people seem to be holding me responsible for the actions of others.’
      • ‘Now, they hold him responsible for planning to destabilise the country.’
      • ‘I did not intend or foresee these consequences and it would seem extremely unfair to hold me responsible for them.’
      • ‘I say to the Minister that we on this side of the House will hold him responsible for any loss of life.’
      • ‘Must courts hold mothers accountable when they make false statements regarding paternity?’
      • ‘The courts are increasingly holding employers responsible for maintaining a safe workplace.’
      • ‘The trial judge held the defendants liable for failing to close down that part of the factory.’
      • ‘Canadian law recognizes exceptional situations where an officer or director can be held liable.’
      • ‘Mr Maharey does not want to be held to account for what was said.’
      • ‘If he is a fraudster, then those who supported him must be held accountable for doing so.’
      • ‘At the most recent inquiry, however, it seems that a jury decided that the policemen should be held accountable.’
      • ‘All we are doing is holding the Minister of Police to account for the answer he gave in this House yesterday.’
      • ‘At campuses across the country he inspired young people to form their own public citizen's groups holding corporate America to account.’
      • ‘Directors will be held accountable for what they know and what they should know.’
    5. 5.5with clause (of a judge or court) rule; decide.
      ‘the Court of Appeal held that there was no evidence to support the judge's assessment’
      • ‘On appeal the Court of Appeal held that the judge had properly allowed the evidence of the interviews to be given.’
      • ‘The Court of Appeal held that the judge was correct to take this approach.’
      • ‘The Court of Appeal held that the trial judge was justified in making that decision.’
      • ‘This court held that the claimants were entitled to the cost of repairs.’
      • ‘The judge held that they should have approached the Law Society for assistance at a much earlier stage.’
      • ‘The coroner refused to leave the issue of neglect to the jury and the Court of Appeal held that he was right not to do so.’
      • ‘The Court of Appeal held that he was not entitled to make that amendment.’
      • ‘If each of the drivers were alive and neither chose to give evidence, the court would unhesitatingly hold that both were to blame.’
      • ‘The judge held that each of the appellants was personally responsible for the misleading accounts.’
      • ‘The judge held that the reinsurers could not withhold approval unless there were reasonable grounds for doing so.’
      • ‘The judge held that there was no financial inducement which led Watford to accept the relevant contract term.’
      • ‘The judge held that the trust ended as soon as the money was paid into court.’
      • ‘In the event, the judge held that the decision was not perverse and he dismissed the appeal.’
      • ‘In fact, one of the South Australian single judges held that there was no jurisdiction.’
      • ‘The Court of Appeal held that the defendant bank had acted without negligence.’
      • ‘Once again the Court of Appeal held that no such retrospective application of section 3 was possible.’
      • ‘The Registrar held that Lloyd's refusal of the offer that they had made was not unreasonable.’
      • ‘Kingston holds that there is no defence available and D is therefore convicted on the basis of his intention or recklessness.’
      • ‘It is not entirely clear to me in what respects the judge held Mr Skinner to have been negligent.’
      • ‘The great weight of judicial precedent holds that there is no fundamental individual right to own a gun.’
  • 6with object Keep or reserve for someone.

    ‘a booking can be held for twenty-four hours’
    • ‘Much of the money was being held in reserve to help pay for a new sports hall.’
    • ‘Mr Cunliffe said the news had come too late for this year's budget process and the money would go into the general fund to be held in reserve.’
    • ‘Of the nineteen planes, five would be held in reserve during the attacks.’
    • ‘Mr Fellows said that the office's mail had been held by the Post Office over Christmas and delivered on Monday.’
    • ‘Five years later she is worth £15 million - money that is held in a trust until she is 21.’
    • ‘I asked one of the salespeople to hold it for me, and then I went back later and bought it.’
    • ‘Under the new commitments, airlines will also have to help customers locate the cheapest fares and hold reservations for 24 hours so that prices can be compared.’
    put to one side, put aside, set aside, lay aside, keep back
    View synonyms
    1. 6.1Maintain (a phone connection) until the person one has called is free to speak.
      ‘please hold the line, and I'll see if he's available’
      • ‘will you hold?’
      • ‘The Evening Press tried to get through to the service, but, after being told to hold the line, had to wait for three minutes before getting any reply.’
      • ‘Please hold and your call will be answered as soon as possible.’
      • ‘‘You have my daughter Mia there. I wonder if I can have a word with her please.’ ‘Certainly sir. Just hold the line and I'll take the phone through to her.’’
      • ‘Oh hello Stephanie, can you hold the line a moment and I'll go and find him.’
  • 7with object Prevent from going ahead or occurring.

    ‘hold your fire!’
    • ‘It was certainly not the kind of news for which editors hold the front page.’
    • ‘‘Hold your fire until I say otherwise,’ he ordered.’
    • ‘Most experts also thought the Bank would hold its fire for fear of giving fresh impetus to house price rises or high consumer debt levels.’
    • ‘The pilot was under orders to hold fire, a fellow airman testified yesterday.’
    • ‘Analysts expect the company to hold fire on any further price rises.’
    1. 7.1North American informal Refrain from adding or using (something, typically an item of food or drink)
      • ‘a strawberry margarita, but hold the tequila’
      • ‘Add a slice of cheese to your sandwich, but hold the mayonnaise.’
      • ‘As more Americans hold the cream and cut the carbs, Starbucks has been forced to respond.’
      • ‘Would Steve McQueen have been a skinny latte man? Does Sean Penn ask them to hold the fries and the bun when he orders a burger?’
      • ‘When she ate there, once or twice a month, she asked them to hold the cheese on her burger and give her a salad instead of fries.’
    2. 7.2hold it informal Wait or stop doing something.
      • ‘hold it right there, mate!’
      • ‘Hold it right there. No one's going anywhere.’
      • ‘Hold it! Something doesn't sound right.’
      • ‘‘Whoa, hold it a minute,’ Mike said, sitting up straight in his chair.’
    3. 7.3 archaic no object Restrain oneself.
      • ‘‘Hold, hold!’ he cried’
  • 8with object Arrange and take part in (a meeting or conversation)

    ‘a meeting was held at the church’
    • ‘Lewisham Hospital NHS Trust holds its annual general meeting tonight.’
    • ‘The meeting will be held at St John's and St Mark's Church Hall in Parkinson Street at 7pm.’
    • ‘The official opening was held on Monday night last and a full report will be carried in our next issue.’
    • ‘Employees of the state-owned Timber Corporation and their families held a protest over jobs on Thursday.’
    • ‘Several meetings were held over the years until in 1884 Mrs J. Murray laid the foundation stone.’
    • ‘Numerous family events were held over the August weekend including a carnival and demonstrations from birds of prey.’
    • ‘The firefighters' strikes planned for this week were dramatically suspended last night so that fresh talks can be held over pay.’
    • ‘A series of informational meetings will be held over the next two weeks to give members details of the proposal.’
    • ‘If the problems are a result of bullying at school, meetings may be held with school staff, the pupil and the support worker.’
    • ‘Duma elections were held most recently on December 7, 2003, and presidential elections on March 14, 2004.’
    • ‘More than a dozen of these model conferences are held annually across Canada.’
    • ‘The congress is being held under the auspices of the President of Bulgaria.’
    • ‘A memorial service for Mr Brown will be held later that day at 2.30 pm at St Mary's Church in Tetbury.’
    • ‘He had asked for neighborhoods to come out and hold rallies in support of the new government and no one did.’
    • ‘Special training classes on road safety would be held in schools to educate children.’
    • ‘The first nationwide courses are being held at eight locations across the country this weekend.’
    • ‘Many areas across the county will, of course, be holding their own local events.’
    • ‘There are only a few places left for the Spanish Course which will be held in September.’
    • ‘The programme of courses to be held at the University of Bath in Swindon included such subjects as juggling and wine tasting.’
    • ‘But there was one person with whom I was able to hold an amicable and fruitful conversation.’
    convene, call, assemble, summon
    View synonyms


  • 1An act or manner of grasping something; a grip.

    ‘he caught hold of her arm’
    • ‘he lost his hold and fell’
    • ‘I tried to smooth down my hair but Noah caught hold of my hands and held them in his, looking me straight in the eye.’
    • ‘I slipped, caught hold of the back of a chair, and sat down on the floor, heavily.’
    • ‘He slid down slowly and Cora, alarmed, caught hold of him around the waist.’
    • ‘A policeman caught hold of him and dragged him over the fence to safety, leaving him with nothing more serious than bruises.’
    • ‘The woman fell trying in vain to keep hold of the bag.’
    • ‘Make certain that you keep hold of the receipts.’
    • ‘As she struggled to keep hold of the bag she was kicked three times in the stomach before the group of four fled.’
    • ‘O'Connell said they had eased their hold on him when he stopped struggling.’
    • ‘The only way Jenn learned of their presence was when one of them clamped a hand over her mouth and the other four gained a tight hold on her arms.’
    • ‘I glared at him, but since he had a tight hold on my hand and I wasn't in the mood for a scene I followed him.’
    • ‘Without another thought Royce clambered out the window, keeping a tight hold on the makeshift rope.’
    • ‘He kept tight hold of her hand, then released it and put his arm about her waist.’
    • ‘I tightened my hold around her waist a little and kissed the top of her head.’
    • ‘Taking hold of the doorknob Tommy slowly began to open the door.’
    • ‘They both grabbed hold of the handles, and began to open the enormous doors.’
    • ‘I patted his neck, which was damp with sweat, and loosened my hold on the reins.’
    • ‘I've always had my suspicions regarding Desmond's apparently tenuous hold on reality.’
    • ‘Keeping hold of the ball was one of England's problems during the World Cup.’
    • ‘As they fought she grabbed hold of the mask and tore it off his face.’
    • ‘Victoria reached up and grabbed hold of her younger sister's wrist.’
    • ‘Lydia stands, but George keeps a firm hold of her hand for a moment longer.’
    grip, grasp, clasp, clutch
    View synonyms
    1. 1.1A particular way of grasping or restraining someone, especially an opponent in wrestling or judo.
      ‘For example, wrestling includes many holds, which can easily be performed in such a way that they damage the elbow, shoulder, neck or leg joints.’
      • ‘Now, I will be the first to tell anyone that there is a lot more to being an announcer than knowing the names of moves and holds.’
      • ‘He is a master of numerous holds and throws and is a throwback to a time when stories were told in the ring and not on the microphone.’
      • ‘Older boys are using wrestling holds to intimidate younger students.’
      • ‘Inside the base gymnasium, they practice wrestling holds to prove themselves capable of hand-to-hand combat.’
      • ‘When properly applied, the choke hold causes unconsciousness in 10-20 seconds.’
    2. 1.2A place where one can grip with one's hands or feet while climbing.
      ‘he felt carefully with his feet for a hold and swung himself up’
      • ‘Try to position your hands and feet on the holds in the positions you will want them in for the next move.’
      • ‘When I latched on to this hold and let my feet swing out from the face below, I felt an alarming sense of fatigue in my arms.’
      • ‘He set his feet firmly apart and reaching forward, gripped the rough holds.’
      • ‘His fingers scrabbled at the stone and found holds, but not before he dropped a foot; he hung on to the tower with weary fingers and an iron grip.’
      • ‘She walked over to the pillar, and put her foot on one of the holds.’
      • ‘I started back up and climbed about ten feet higher on tiny little holds.’
      • ‘Placing my hands gingerly upon the first holds and locating the proper foot placement, I commence with my climb.’
      • ‘I pulled myself up to the next hold and continued up for about five feet.’
      • ‘When climbing, our feet should be placed securely in a hold before placing our hands.’
      • ‘The only holds offered were the handrail on the roof and the small cleat amidships.’
  • 2in singular Power or control.

    ‘Tom had some kind of hold over his father’
    • ‘At least this season Ferrari's hold has been, temporarily at least, broken.’
    • ‘Antony remained in the east, while Octavian retained a brutal hold on Italy.’
    • ‘The military consolidated their hold on power.’
    • ‘Clearly, the Italian Renaissance continues to exert a powerful hold on historical imagination.’
    • ‘Since the public has lost faith in ideology, politicians must now use fear in order to maintain their hold over the masses.’
    • ‘The court might be reasoning that she still has some psychological hold over the young man, or that being with him is emotionally bad for her or for him.’
    • ‘The Germans had tightened their hold on the whole country and it became more difficult to arrange transport for the Allied soldiers.’
    • ‘I just couldn't seem to get a hold on my emotions.’
    • ‘Gaitskell performed effectively in Parliament over the Suez crisis and confirmed his hold over the party.’
    influence, power, control, dominance, pull, sway, mastery, authority, leverage
    control, grip, power, stranglehold, dominion, authority, ascendancy
    View synonyms
  • 3 archaic A fortress.


    be left holding the baby
    • Be left with an unwelcome responsibility, typically without warning.

      • ‘Ultimately our soldiers are the ones left holding the bag.’
      • ‘When the steady market increases came to a halt, and the dishonesty of some in corporate America came to light, shareholders were often left holding the bag.’
      • ‘Doctors may be feeling as though they were left holding the bag.’
      • ‘When the bubble burst, their shareholders were left holding the bag.’
      • ‘At the time, there were few, if any, construction or safety standards and the consumer was often left holding the bag.’
      • ‘Council-tax payers do not want to be left holding the baby - a baby which has grown in a way no one has had control of.’
      • ‘Yes, we are interested in helping, but we don't want to be left holding the baby.’
      • ‘There is little room for sympathy when chief executives screw up, particularly if shareholders, employees and customers are left holding the baby.’
      • ‘‘I don't think Craven District Council should be left holding the baby on its own,’ he said.’
      • ‘Everyone agrees that it shouldn't have happened but no one wants to be left holding the baby.’
    get hold of
    • 1Grasp physically.

      ‘She snatched up the nearest thing that her hand could get hold of.’
      • ‘When I pick him up, he clutches whatever he can get hold of.’
      • ‘One fireman seemed to get hold of him then he seemed to slip from his grasp.’
      • ‘I couldn't see so all I did was grab thin air until I got hold of them and got them out together.’
      • ‘I grabbed my camera, missed, and got hold of Graham's camera instead.’
      • ‘Meanwhile, Stephanie's hand slipped inside his hand, which had loosened its grip a bit, and got hold of the piece of paper.’
      • ‘Quickly, she grabbed one of his arms while Cyrus got hold of the other.’
      • ‘Brave Jack managed to get hold of her arms and, in spite of once losing his grip, pull her to safety.’
      • ‘The surfer even managed to get hold of Aimee at one point but he lost grip of her when another giant wave hit.’
      • ‘Phil managed to get hold of it with both hands and pick it up.’
      1. 1.1Grasp (something) intellectually; understand.
        ‘If this doesn't make sense to you (it took me a while to get hold of the idea) don't worry.’
        • ‘Once you get hold of the concept, you just need to use a bit of common sense to tackle tricky questions.’
      2. 1.2 informal Obtain.
        • ‘if you can't get hold of ripe tomatoes, add some tomato puree’
        • ‘We are very concerned that someone is attempting to get hold of original certificates, which could then be used to obtain false documentation such as passports or for other fraudulent purposes.’
        • ‘Robert had a gift for acquiring guarded information that no one else could get hold of.’
        • ‘It is very easy for young people to get hold of their parents' credit cards or to acquire credit cards by other means.’
        • ‘The difficulties lie less in getting hold of information, but in being able to understand it and assess its relevance.’
        • ‘We managed to get hold of two bottles of whiskey for 30 dollars.’
        • ‘Don's unique selling proposition was that he managed to get hold of the question papers well before the exams were held.’
        • ‘In a scene repeated in shops all over Hampshire youngsters who had managed to get hold of the book were desperate to start reading it as soon as it was in their hands.’
        • ‘Our neighbour managed to get hold of some more tools and after a bit of mucking about, we managed to gain entry without causing too much damage.’
        • ‘A thief managed to get hold of their private PIN number to raid their account.’
        • ‘It is a mystery how the fraudsters managed to get hold of the couple's address in Britain.’
      3. 1.3 informal Find or manage to contact (someone)
        • ‘I'll try and get hold of Mark’
        • ‘All he was able to say when his wife in London managed to get hold of him was simply to repeat, ‘Everything's gone.’’
        • ‘We got the story back to Scotland in time for the first editions, and Patricia Ferguson managed to get hold of Jack McConnell in China.’
        • ‘Eventually, she managed to get hold of neighbours who rushed her to hospital.’
        • ‘We managed to get hold of someone at the company in order to explain to us how this concept works.’
        • ‘Your Aunt Lillian managed to get hold of him and it seems there's little chance of my son escaping her clutches until the Season ends.’
        • ‘So I'm going to have to get hold of the Embassies here in Australia and physically go through and check out the correct pronunciations of every player and every official in their teams, to make sure.’
        • ‘She got my cell phone number from my mother, who warned her I was impossible to get hold of because I never pick up the phone, but Debbie got me on the first try.’
    hold court
    • Be the centre of attention amidst a crowd of one's admirers.

      ‘Lewis was holding court in the small dressing room’
      • ‘Fifteen minutes later, he was already holding court with a crowd of reporters, fielding questions without being out of breath.’
      • ‘At the centre of the room a Rubenesque woman is holding court, the light catching a twist of green at the front of her coal black hair.’
      • ‘Mum Brenda always holds court at family gatherings.’
      • ‘Amazingly tall and thin, she oozes charm from every pore, holding court beside the director of the film.’
      • ‘And he's holding court on one of the most popular daytime TV shows, so what's the secret of his success where so many else have failed?’
      • ‘Stumbling inadvertently into the press conference for the women's singles winner, I found Venus Williams holding court to all of 12 journalists.’
      • ‘The reason he's holding court in front of a table of journalists is because of his new film, one of three he has coming out in the early part of 2003.’
      • ‘He rarely wrote letters, conducting his business on the telephone or, more often, holding court in public houses, where he was an unrivalled raconteur.’
      • ‘He would often be seen holding court in Swindon's clubs.’
      • ‘He has just come in from training, lounging easily in the kitchen of their fabulous new pavilion, arms folded, holding court.’
    hold fast
    • 1Remain tightly secured.

      ‘the door held fast, obviously locked’
      • ‘The door holds fast for just a moment before giving, groaning its displeasure at the shabby treatment it has recently received.’
      • ‘The chain around my neck held fast.’
      • ‘He turned back to the door and pressed the bar, but it held fast.’
      • ‘He tried prying open the trunk, but the lock held fast, and he only succeeded in bending the lid slightly.’
      • ‘The barrier held fast against the attack.’
      1. 1.1Continue to believe in or adhere to an idea or principle.
        ‘it is important that we hold fast to the policies’
        • ‘I, for one, try to hold fast to the Bible and it's principles.’
        • ‘I hold fast to my faith and my practices, but have to be flexible.’
        • ‘More than 10 years down the track, I hold fast to that maxim.’
        • ‘Too often we hold fast to the clichés of our forebears.’
        • ‘Compassionate conservatives need to hold fast to this optimistic message.’
        • ‘On the other hand, faith changes those who hold fast to their beliefs.’
        • ‘How many of us still hold fast to our early political ideals?’
        • ‘The government doesn't need to hold fast to its original plan in the face of such fierce opposition.’
        • ‘We hold fast to our commitment to be better dads than our own.’
        • ‘He held fast to his love of God and remained ever positive.’
    hold hands
    • (of two or more people) clasp each other by the hand, typically as a sign of affection.

      ‘Soon the pair hit it off and spent the return journey holding hands and gazing into each other's eyes.’
      • ‘Two friends engulfed in grief held hands helping each other through the difficult time.’
      • ‘Almost four hundred years later it still is the awe inspiring place where lovers hold hands and swoon over each other.’
      • ‘Friends of the same sex may hold hands and greet each other with kisses on the cheek.’
      • ‘We would hold hands, or wrap our arms around each other while taking a stroll on the sea wall.’
      • ‘They walked around the shopping centre holding hands, and staring at each other lovingly.’
      • ‘The thing that really gets me is their intimate behaviour, sitting close together and holding hands.’
      • ‘Once in a while young couples can be seen walking the streets holding hands.’
      • ‘People skate in couples or larger groups, tightly holding hands and trying to keep balance.’
      • ‘On the train, a couple sits together, holding hands and speaking in hushed voices.’
    hold hard
    • as imperative Stop or wait.

      ‘Hey, hold hard there matey, I am the director you know.’
      • ‘Hold hard, though - I'm getting ahead of myself.’
      • ‘But hold hard, Jim lad, this is not the end of the story.’
    hold one's horses
    • usually as imperative Wait a moment.

      • ‘There are a number of reasons, and if they just hold their horses for a moment, I shall explain those reasons to them.’
      • ‘But hold your horses - some already have their tickets.’
      • ‘‘OK, OK, hold your horses… ‘she started to say as everyone headed for the door.’
      • ‘‘Okay, hold your horses,’ Damon muttered, grabbing his bag off the ground and his Junior Varsity letterman jacket off the peg on the coat rack right inside the foyer.’
      • ‘Ok, ok, hold your horses, you just finished a big game, you should be tired.’
      • ‘Well, hold your horses, because this disc is hardly worth a King's ransom.’
      • ‘To those members who may be a bit nervous about where we are heading with that, I say that they should hold their horses, make their submissions to the select committee, and be involved in the process.’
      • ‘We will be here until morning, so the Minister should just hold his horses.’
      • ‘If she holds her horses I will tell her the solution.’
      • ‘‘Whoa, hold your horses buddy,’ I said raising my eyebrow.’
    hold one's nose
    • Squeeze one's nostrils with one's fingers in order to avoid inhaling an unpleasant smell.

      ‘I'm not looking forward to sitting in an old stadium where you've got to hold your nose when you go to the toilet’
      • ‘they want people to go into the voting booth, hold their nose, and pick the lesser of two evils’
      • ‘She backed up slightly holding her nose at the horrid smell that reached her nostrils.’
      • ‘Tania is holding her nose against the smell of urine and all are dressed warmly to beat the cold.’
      • ‘‘Yeah, and take a shower and make sure you brush your teeth, you smell’ Trey said, holding his nose.’
      • ‘They would hold their nose against the smell and try their luck to find any hidden piece of food or treasure in their pockets.’
      • ‘Joey had to blow onto his fingers, and hold his nose, at the same time.’
      • ‘It had a really dodgy smell and Isabel had to hold her nose to prevent herself from inhaling it.’
      • ‘A journalist said he had to hold his nose during an interview and compared the smell of the actor's feet to a bag of perished potatoes that had been kept in a cupboard for two weeks.’
      • ‘And it doesn't stink, so you don't have to worry about holding your nose while you apply it.’
      • ‘A traffic constable holding his nose to fight off plumes of exhaust gases, street-lamps lit up in broad daylight and vehicles idling at traffic lights were some of the images used to highlight the need to conserve fuel.’
      • ‘They try to hide its vile taste by adding diluting orange or lemon but this doesn't work too well and I still have to hold my nose while drinking it.’
    hold one's tongue
    • often in imperative Remain silent.

      • ‘I tried to hold my tongue, but I cannot take it anymore.’
      • ‘Here's where I attempt to hold my tongue for the day and try to stay away from politics and war.’
      • ‘Many times my students make me upset, but I have to control myself and hold my tongue so as not to hurt others.’
      • ‘I was going to ask whether she was joking but decided to hold my tongue as class ended.’
      • ‘He figures, as men do, that it would be best to hold his tongue.’
      • ‘But he is not a man to hold his tongue when he feels strongly about an issue.’
      • ‘I held my tongue, paid for the milk, and went home.’
      • ‘Well I have held my tongue for too long, and it stops here.’
      • ‘I've held my tongue for weeks now, but seeing this commercial four times in the past hour has finally pushed me over the edge.’
      • ‘Emma, angry at the insult to Miss Taylor's husband, holds her tongue for the sake of family civility.’
    hold serve
    • (in tennis and other racket sports) win a game in which one is serving.

      ‘You know, I was able to just hold my serve and keep that break, and the then break her to win it.’
      • ‘There are a few factors that will increase your chances of holding serve even without a powerful serve.’
      • ‘They then recorded a second break point for the 5-3 advantage and held serve for the victory.’
      • ‘The Argentina team had problems holding serve and the Swedes were eager to finish the match in four sets.’
      • ‘She dominated the second game, only giving up one point, to hold serve and take a 2-0 lead.’
      • ‘The two then held serve to force a tiebreak, although Venus had to save one set point during the 12 th game.’
      • ‘The Spaniard held serve for the rest of the set to win the 12 th title of his clay court streak.’
      • ‘Both held serve again easily and then Roddick stepped up the line and served for the first set.’
      • ‘Murray took the first three games of the second set unanswered, breaking Lee once and holding serve twice.’
      • ‘Indeed, he never looked comfortable in the early going, barely managing to hold serve twice.’
    hold someone to bail
    • Bind someone by bail.

      ‘The objection that the bail had discharged the judgement and for his indemnity had arrested the plaintiff here, and held him to bail, is not supported by the requisite evidence to establish the fact.’
      • ‘Bement held him to bail in the sum of $500 for his appearance to Court.’
      • ‘It shall require the sheriff of the county where the defendant may be found forthwith to arrest him and hold him to bail in a specified sum, and to return the order at a place and time therein mentioned to the clerk of the court in which the action is brought.’
      • ‘This last measure made the Justices of the Peace mere puppets, unable to commit a prisoner or to hold him to bail.’
      • ‘While every justice of the peace could issue his warrant against a supposed libeller, and hold him to bail; the secretary of state, armed with the extraordinary powers of the Habeas Corpus suspension act, could imprison him, upon bare suspicion, and detain him in safe custody, without bringing him to trial.’
    hold someone's hand
    • Give a person comfort, guidance, or moral support in a difficult situation.

      ‘It isn't like an American or British detective series where the solicitor sits in and holds your hand.’
      • ‘One of the most common routes is to take is the law conversion course, usually with a training contract at a law firm that holds your hand through the process and pays nicely too.’
      • ‘It helps if someone holds your hand and sort of walks you through the day, which someone did.’
      • ‘In the game nobody watches you and holds your hand and tells you what is what.’
      • ‘You're a big girl, and you can handle stuff without a friend holding your hand.’
      • ‘Athletes cannot breathe these days without an agent holding their hand and going, ‘There, there’.’
      • ‘If these actors are going to make it, they will do so without the drama society holding their hand.’
      • ‘It's not surprising that Leon doesn't believe in holding a student 's hand: all his life, his only teacher has been the thumping waves.’
      • ‘But I don't get out much, and when I do, I don't want my mother there, holding my hand; like it was my first day at school.’
      • ‘I'm aware that when I go places there isn't someone with me holding my hand.’
    hold someone/something cheap
    • Have a low opinion of someone or something.

      ‘I began to dislike Linton, and to excuse his father for holding him cheap’
      • ‘Rather than holding their manhood cheap, they step forward to share in the glory.’
      • ‘Even if you don't believe in the cause yourself, you have to admit that this is the sort of thing that makes gentlemen safe abed hold their manhood cheap.’
      • ‘I could tell you that at least one person would not hold his manhood cheap and that he still has the moustaches to prove it.’
      • ‘If it continues its insincere attitude over its nuclear development programs and the abduction issue, and holds the international community cheap, it will end up in stewing in its own juice.’
      • ‘It was an ability that made those who hadn't dared to try think themselves accursed, holding their manhoods cheap.’
    hold someone/something dear
    • Care for or value someone or something greatly.

      ‘fidelity is something most of us hold dear’
      • ‘Canadians hold their values dear, but are not keen to see them imposed on others.’
      • ‘We hold these values dear to our hearts because they resonate with strong emotional ties.’
      • ‘It is in those moments when we face our fears that laughter is especially welcome, and comic and tender memories are held dear.’
      • ‘He has good reason to hold Rab dear to his heart, however much he insists he was just a two-dimensional character in a script.’
      • ‘Up to this day many communities still hold these traditions dear and the names of certain places tell stories of the people who once lived there.’
      • ‘It is a gift from them to us, and we must indeed hold it dear.’
      • ‘If you are to attain the position of emperor, you must hold your people dear.’
      • ‘We are all the results of our histories and as such we should hold our heritage dear.’
      • ‘As you might expect, I will always hold Mary dear to my heart.’
      • ‘Secularism is in peril, and those who hold it dear need to work for it.’
    hold someone/something harmless
    • Indemnify someone or something.

      ‘Add a clause to the sales contract saying the seller agrees to hold you harmless and indemnify you against any claims that occurred before you owned the boat.’
      • ‘Yet once the law recognizes the possibility of holding a trivial error harmless, it is a relatively small step to say that even substantial errors that have a trivial impact on the outcome should be held harmless.’
      • ‘The pharmaceutical industry convinced political leaders to hold it harmless against lawsuits while, at the same time, profiting from a massive vaccination program actively promoted by government.’
      • ‘Product liability law and case law have overwhelmingly favored manufacturers' products intended to be used by responsible people, and have held the manufacturers harmless for abuses of those products by the lawless.’
      • ‘We're going back and asking clients to make price adjustments that will hold us harmless for price increases going forward, so we can stop the bleeding at some point and try to recover.’
    hold the ball
    Australian Rules Football
    • Commit the offence of persisting to hold on to the ball after being legitimately tackled.

      ‘they were caught holding the ball on several occasions’
      • ‘I have identified holding the ball in the cases where apparently identical breaches went unpenalised.’
      • ‘I can never understand the inconsistency on holding the ball whereby if a perfect tackle is laid, but the player has no chance to dispose of the ball, it's a ball-up, but if a player is grabbed by one arm, rendering him incapable of disposal, a free kick is paid.’
      • ‘"I got done for holding the ball quite a bit," he said.’
      • ‘His tackling won three holding the ball decisions.’
      • ‘He tried to balk and twist around somebody and got caught holding the ball, and the umpires pay the free kick.’
      • ‘They defeated a Victorian representative side by 73 points in a practice match on Sunday but were caught holding the ball on several occasions.’
      • ‘The player was caught holding the ball.’
      • ‘He was pinged holding the ball inside the defensive 50m.’
      • ‘The team needed a contentious holding the ball free kick.’
      • ‘The suspension is confusing as he was awarded a free kick for holding the ball from the now-penalised tackle.’
    hold the fort
    • Take responsibility for a situation while another person is temporarily absent.

      ‘I just feel that I'm holding the fort until my father comes back.’
      • ‘Today is the last day that I'm going to be holding the fort at work.’
      • ‘As the strike continues, four heads of department are holding the fort.’
      • ‘They have all gone now and I am left holding the fort.’
      • ‘Sue asks her colleague to hold the fort while she pops outside for a moment.’
      • ‘The Lord Chancellor had been left to hold the fort.’
      • ‘But then again, is it fair on the staff who live nearby to be expected to hold the fort when their colleagues can't make it in?’
      • ‘A skeleton staff held the fort during the industrial action, which followed two months of inconclusive pay talks and a failure last week to negotiate a deal.’
      • ‘Just so you don't get bored while I'm gone, I've got a few requests for you to carry out while you're holding the fort.’
      • ‘Without her holding the fort at the office and doing all the paperwork, we'd never be able to do it all.’
    hold the line
    • Not yield to the pressure of a difficult situation.

      ‘France's central bank would hold the line’
      • ‘Most parents already find it difficult to hold the line.’
      • ‘Over the years critics have noted that Terry often found it difficult to hold the line on a budget.’
      • ‘I think that he is sticking to his word and holding the line on the tax cuts that he promised to give.’
      • ‘The agency will argue that in holding the line on pay and in demanding employee health contributions and oversight of the union's health care trust fund, it was doing its best to safeguard the tax money entrusted to it by the public.’
      • ‘I led my city out of recession by holding the line on taxes and cutting waste.’
      • ‘He's for keeping middle-class tax cuts and holding the line on free trade.’
      • ‘One could hope that Tim's example is inspiring other governors to hold the line on taxes, but I don't have the sense that that is happening in many states.’
      • ‘Lawmakers should hold the line against their demands.’
      • ‘For its part, the British government has tried to hold the line against hysteria and appear reasonable, issuing a new ‘don't panic’ message.’
    hold the man
    Australian Rules Football
    • Commit the offence of holding on to an opposing player who is not in possession of the ball.

      ‘he would pay a free kick for holding the man’
      • ‘Some of the rules, e.g. "round the neck", "holding the ball", and "holding the man", are enforced very rarely in proportion to the dozens of infringements seen in any match.’
      • ‘Sometimes you'll see a player running along and another player will grab him when we hasn't got the ball and you'd probably say "Holding the man!" but as an umpire I've got to weigh up quite a few variables.’
      • ‘Jack has had a holding the man tackle paid against him.’
      • ‘The holding the man decision paid against him.’
      • ‘Umpires and everyone, does anyone have a clear idea of the rule about "holding the man"?’
    hold thumbs
    South African
    • Fold one's fingers over one's thumb to bring good luck.

      ‘South Africa will be holding thumbs for double Olympic champion Penny Heyns when she dives off the blocks in defence of her 100m breaststroke title at the Millennium Games in Sydney tomorrow.’
      • ‘We'll keep preparing for the final bid presentation in Chicago in November - and keep holding thumbs.’
      • ‘An elderly woman said yesterday: ‘I've bought two tickets and I'm holding thumbs because somebody has to win the big one.’’
      • ‘They are only holding thumbs hoping that things will improve, rather sooner than later.’
      • ‘South Africans will be holding thumbs for a dose of good news coming out of Dublin, Ireland, tonight at 6pm our time.’
    hold true
    • Remain true or valid.

      ‘his views still hold true today’
      • ‘Whether these findings on exercise motivation hold true for humans remains to be studied.’
      • ‘The old trade union maxim still holds true: United we stand, divided we fall.’
      • ‘Lord Acton's dictum that absolute power corrupts absolutely holds good today.’
      • ‘Everything written in the letter of 1998 holds good today.’
      • ‘The world has changed dramatically over the past 10 years and some advice given years ago would no longer hold true today.’
      • ‘In his time at the White House, President John F Kennedy made a number of wise and very quotable comments and most of them still hold good today.’
      • ‘So far his prediction has held good and I am confident that it that it will remain so.’
      • ‘This especially holds true if local owners of commercial and residential properties do not want to rebuild in the disaster area.’
      • ‘He said the maxim, prevention is better than cure, holds true in agriculture as in human health.’
      • ‘If I had to live on my writing I would have starved by now and this I think holds true for most writers.’
    hold water
    • often with negative (of a statement, theory, or line of reasoning) appear to be valid, sound, or reasonable.

      ‘this argument just does not hold water’
      • ‘I have proved that your statements don't hold water.’
      • ‘The theory that does not hold water with me is that cannabis leads on to harder drugs.’
      • ‘The explanation given last night does not, on reflection, appear to hold water.’
      • ‘Historically, the theory of collective guilt does not hold water.’
      • ‘But I don't know enough about the public health statistics to know whether this objection actually holds water.’
      • ‘This interpretation holds water, but it doesn't account for the poetry, the hilarity, and the glimmers of hope that underpin the film.’
      • ‘This subject has come up before - I just don't think it holds water.’
      • ‘A quick examination shows that none of these explanations holds water.’
      • ‘As far as I'm concerned my argument completely holds water.’
      • ‘In other words, their excuse does not hold water!’
    no holds barred
    • 1(in wrestling) with no restrictions on the kinds of holds that are used.

      ‘Forms of contemporary no holds barred wrestling in which rules are thrown out the window are Hardcore Wrestling and Cage Fighting.’
      • ‘This would be a bruising, no-holds-barred grapple.’
      • ‘A fun, no holds barred brawl between Finlay and JBL started the night off right.’
      • ‘So basically after the bands have finished they put this ring up, they actually construct a ring in the bar, anyone can go up and you can have gloves, bareknuckle or no holds barred, three round fights.’
      • ‘This time it was McCabe versus Steel, in a tag match with no holds barred.’
      • ‘I have 9 no holds barred fights and am ranked the #1 fighter in the world under 155 lb.’
      1. 1.1Used to convey that no rules or restrictions apply in a conflict or dispute.
        ‘he's willing to take on all comers, no holds barred, for a good political argument’
        • ‘This was a tough no holds barred encounter which threatened to spill over at several junctures such was the committed and no-nonsense approach adopted by both teams.’
        • ‘‘It is a totally honest account of what it was like to be with the front line pickets, no holds barred, a wonderful document,’ he says.’
        • ‘Keep the questions coming, ask about anything that is on your mind with no holds barred, and I will do my best to provide answers.’
        • ‘Wouldn't it be supremely interesting to hear what people had to say about you with no holds barred?’
        • ‘There were no holds barred in that war.’
        • ‘It was an assassin's duel, the usual messy fray, no holds barred.’
        • ‘But clearly what was taking place was a bitter power struggle between opposing ruling cliques with no holds barred on either side.’
        • ‘The two redoubled their efforts, attacking each other viciously, no holds barred.’
        • ‘They will act with no holds barred, including the use of nuclear weapons.’
        • ‘The host assured us that this was to be a ‘frank, open exchange, with no holds barred.’’
    on hold
    • 1Waiting to be connected while making a phone call.

      ‘‘I'll just see if he's free,’ Rachel said, and put me on hold’
      • ‘However for consumers, five minutes of waiting on hold, can undo years of advertising and brand exposure.’
      • ‘Businesses even need a licence to play music on their telephone line when customers are put on hold.’
      • ‘People trapped in fires don't want to be stuck on hold listening to Vivaldi's Four Seasons’
      • ‘I called this place and asked to be put on hold, curious what the music would sound like.’
      • ‘Honestly, what a nerve - them ringing you up to put you on hold until they have someone free to talk to you.’
      • ‘She put me on hold and then sure enough, I was talking with Jim Holman.’
      • ‘I was put on hold, and when the person came back I was told that all appeared to be in order.’
      • ‘The call was charged at premium rate, I was put on hold until nearly £5 of credit had been used.’
      • ‘People trying to contact the council by phone have complained of being put on hold for long periods or waiting’
      • ‘Before the befuddled caller could reply, she placed him on hold again.’
      1. 1.1Temporarily not being dealt with or pursued.
        ‘he has had to put his career on hold’
        • ‘Many deals have been put on hold, and may be shelved for months if the market falls flat on its face for a prolonged period.’
        • ‘It will not be surprising if all football activities are put on hold because of these ongoing squabbles.’
        • ‘But discussions look set to be put on hold because of an ongoing problem regarding the new access road.’
        • ‘We believe it is quite proper that those changes should be put on hold pending that investigation.’
        • ‘When he found out about his dad's illness, he was busy writing and recording his new album - but all that went on hold.’
        • ‘When he didn't hear from us, he assumed the project must be on hold.’
        • ‘In effect, this means the roadworks programme has been put on hold until after the April meeting.’
        • ‘The project was then put on hold indefinitely until such time that funding could be made available.’
        • ‘Then, once he had sampled the life of the full-time sportsman, he decided to stay on, and put his studies on hold.’
        • ‘I want to put everything on hold and take off into the hills for a few days.’
    take hold
    • Start to have an effect.

      ‘the reforms of the late nineteenth century had taken hold’
      • ‘In large doses the anaesthetic effect takes hold and can lead to respiratory problems.’
      • ‘As many of your readers will know, meningitis can take hold rapidly with devastating and sometimes fatal effects.’
      • ‘As forty degrees of sun and a lack of shade took hold, so my thoughts wandered.’
      • ‘As Parkinson's disease took hold, he developed a phobia about the cracks between paving stones.’
      • ‘As the cancer took hold, she found it harder to cope with the physical demands of life, but her vitality never left her.’
      • ‘Many would seem to be tied into contracts which began before the surge in fuel prices took hold.’
      • ‘The cancer took hold in 2001 leading to respiratory problems and a rapid decline in health.’
      • ‘The child was put to bed on Wednesday night - just hours later the virus took hold.’
      • ‘It's a message that's taking hold in Europe, causing more division between the EU and the US.’
      • ‘However, the idea the trains would be required to shift increasing amounts of produce from the Mid West is taking hold.’
    there is no holding someone
    • Used to convey that someone is particularly determined or cannot be prevented from doing something.

      ‘once Eva had found her vocation there was no holding her’
      • ‘Barry is back with us again after returning to Aussie for a while to save up to buy a new shirt and doubtlessly you will see him in these reports quite often in the weeks to come - there is no holding him now.’
      • ‘Food nearly consumed, we once again found out that Dave had found the microphone; there is no holding him now.’
      • ‘when he's determined to get away, there's no holding him.’
      • ‘Once they found their rhythm there was no holding them.’

Phrasal Verbs

    hold against
    • hold something against someoneAllow past actions or circumstances to have a negative influence on one's present attitude towards someone.

      ‘he knew that if he failed her, she would hold it against him forever’
      • ‘Failure to give evidence on its own cannot prove guilt, but depending on the circumstances, you may hold his failure against him when deciding whether he is guilty.’
      • ‘If we forgive someone we must let go of anger or blame for whatever they have done, stop holding it against them, and act with love towards them from now on.’
      • ‘I respect what everyone else decides but I hope my refusal is not held against me.’
      • ‘We have been told, for instance, that there is a blame culture, where officers are afraid of making mistakes because they think any mistake will be held against them for the rest of their career.’
      • ‘‘It wouldn't have even occurred to me that a professor would hold my views against me, the way these kids do,’ he said.’
      • ‘It was a mark of his good nature that he did not hold it against you.’
      • ‘We won't hold it against you if can't make it.’
      • ‘I would appreciate, of course, a 10, but, if you feel inclined to give me a 9, I won't hold it against you.’
      • ‘Make a genuine mistake and chances are that they will not hold it against you.’
      • ‘You could say anything to him and know he'd never be able to hold it against you.’
    hold back
    • 1Hesitate to act or speak.

      ‘he held back, remembering the mistake he had made before’
      • ‘Whereas most DJs put on this all pervasive and all-knowing on-air persona, he holds back and comes across as merely another average guy just trying to get his head around this strange world we live in.’
      • ‘However, it holds back from actually making a critical judgment.’
      • ‘Our very opinionated panel never holds back on the big stories of the week.’
      • ‘This is the writer's strength - when she holds back she makes the reader want to take those imaginative leaps.’
      • ‘The fear of doing something wrong holds back so many people when learning how to do things.’
      • ‘There was little indication yesterday that producers were holding back but there are still four days to go.’
      • ‘Part of me is still for holding back as I don't want either of us to get hurt, but each day we just seem to grow deeper and deeper in love with each other.’
      • ‘I've been holding back from commenting on them until I've had a chance to let my impressions settle a little.’
      • ‘This match began in a frenzy of punches with neither boxer holding back nor defending themselves with great aplomb.’
      • ‘We're holding back on our enthusiasm until we are told that exchange of contracts has been scheduled firmly.’
      1. 1.1hold something back, hold back somethingRefuse or be unwilling to make something known.
        ‘you're not holding anything back from me, are you?’
        • ‘She leaves a suicide note, whose contents are held back until an appropriately melodramatic turning point.’
        • ‘Today, government figures are held back not only by a fear of being rumbled, but a terror that they won't be able to pull it off.’
        • ‘Well, one of the reasons I think there is a whiff of scandal here, at least as far as journalists are concerned, is because a lot of this information was held back by the administration.’
        • ‘What are you holding back that you're afraid to tell me?’
        • ‘You know you've developed a good relationship with your students when they tell you about their weekends without holding anything back.’
    • 2hold someone or something back, hold back someone or somethingPrevent or restrict the progress or development of someone or something.

      ‘my lack of experience held me back a bit’
      • ‘the company has been held back by a lack of funding’
      • ‘It holds me back from progressing as fast as I'd like.’
      • ‘We will not allow this experience to hold us back from doing anything.’
      • ‘We have so many ideas on promoting the history of soccer in America but our lack of funds is holding us back.’
      • ‘She wanted to experience life and didn't want to have anything to hold her back.’
      • ‘Remember, my sickness had held me back from exploring things that other young people could experience.’
      • ‘It is, I suppose, a lack of confidence about architectural values that holds us back from bold new statements and the imaginative adaptation of old buildings.’
      • ‘Apparently I am smarter than average, quite bright, but my lack self-confidence and initiative is holding me back.’
      • ‘I know what holds me back: negativity, lack of confidence, anxiousness, and expectations.’
      • ‘I didn't want something like lack of money to hold you back.’
      • ‘I've missed my friends and family and although we have made some new friends, the language barrier holds you back.’
      1. 2.1hold someone back, hold back someoneUS Make a pupil repeat a year at school because of poor marks.
        • ‘Daniels was held back a year, repeating the eighth grade’
    hold down
    • 1hold someone down, hold down someonePrevent someone from moving by holding them firmly.

      ‘I held him down until the police arrived’
      • ‘Twenty men could hold down the strongest strong man in any society, ancient or modern.’
      • ‘She had seen it collapse, would have run back into the flames, but strong arms had held her down, apparently.’
      • ‘Knox, a teacher's daughter, reportedly burst into tears when it was suggested she held her flatmate down.’
      • ‘Their interests lie not in backing either of the rival armies facing each other in Kashmir, but in confronting the rulers who hold them down.’
      • ‘The demand for government loans has also been criticized by some later commentators for starving industry of funds, and so holding down the rate of economic growth.’
      • ‘She shrieked as he held her down.’
      • ‘Natalia looked about ready to kill Jake, but with her captor holding her down, she was helpless to do anything but glare icy daggers at him.’
      • ‘Strict rent control laws here hold down rents but give landlords little incentive to shell out for earthquake proofing.’
      • ‘Although they were often defeated, the Spanish armies continued to defy the French, while Spanish guerrillas held down large numbers of French troops.’
      1. 1.1Keep someone under strict control or severely restrict their freedom.
        • ‘the people are held down by a repressive military regime’
    • 2hold something down, hold down something informal Succeed in keeping a job or position for a period of time.

      • ‘holding down two jobs was proving tiring for him’
      • ‘Antony left his girlfriend a while ago, he has a job and he's holding it down.’
      • ‘In the past I haven't held a job down but I've managed to keep this one because I enjoy it and I get support and help.’
      • ‘My father came from a family of alcoholics and he himself battled with it but still managed to hold down a job and educate two kids.’
      • ‘He would lose his temper in a flash and couldn't hold down a job.’
      • ‘For the previous two seasons Richard has held down the position of the Business Manager.’
      • ‘Judy was also holding down another position - that of being a mother.’
      • ‘They could receive the payout even while continuing to hold down other jobs.’
      • ‘While Patrick had worked as a sheet metal fabricator, he has had difficulty holding down jobs since he left school.’
      • ‘Because of her health problems, she had difficulty holding down permanent work.’
      • ‘Most of them will be people you know, holding down good jobs, good lives, good families.’
    hold forth
    • Talk lengthily, assertively, or tediously about a subject.

      ‘a famous poet was holding forth, surrounded by admiring young writers and critics’
      • ‘he was holding forth on the merits of the band's debut album’
      • ‘Despite his insistence that his faith is a private matter, he has made it a public issue, and rarely misses an opportunity to hold forth on the subject.’
      • ‘They had been rigorously secular until one night when they attended a party and heard someone holding forth on the unlikely subject of hidden codes in the Torah.’
      • ‘For two days, women held forth on a subject long considered taboo.’
      • ‘There was the prime minister holding forth on the matter of democracy - a subject, he implied, about which the Church was particularly ignorant, if not a non-subscriber.’
      • ‘They hold forth at length about how they despise Pinot Grigio because it ‘doesn't taste of anything much’.’
      • ‘He is a football philosopher who will hold forth on just about any subject.’
      • ‘He sits opposite me at the table and holds forth interminably, all the way through the meal.’
      • ‘The Sunday Business Post has a section on its website where it holds forth on ethics and standards.’
      • ‘The meeting gets under way and the atmosphere is charged as speaker after speaker holds forth.’
      • ‘But Andy didn't just do cool little comics, he was also something of an academic, holding forth in debates about the origins and minutiae of comic strip art.’
    hold in
    • hold something in, hold in somethingSuppress an expression of emotion.

      • ‘he tried to hold in his laughter but failed’
    hold off
    • 1(of bad weather) fail to occur.

      ‘fortunately, the rain held off until the evening’
      • ‘Luckily the rain held off until the last game was played.’
      • ‘Heavy rain and high winds held off until early Thursday night, when winds gusted to 84 kph.’
      • ‘Hopefully, if the weather holds off for a few more days that might dry the land out enough to allow us to collect the crop some time next week, but if not, then we might find ourselves stuck.’
      • ‘At least the weather held off this afternoon, and we could run.’
      • ‘Provided the rain holds off, England should today complete one of their biggest ever wins.’
      • ‘The sky was darkening but the rain was still just holding off.’
      • ‘In some cases, entire families headed off, picnic in tow, hoping that the rain would hold off.’
      • ‘Storm clouds threatened throughout the walk, but the sun peeped through occasionally and the rain held off.’
      • ‘The unsettled conditions over the past few days will almost certainly see the Ouse carrying additional water by Sunday but as long as the frost holds off, this might be no bad thing.’
      • ‘The flower season is coming to an end but with some luck it could last another few weeks if frost holds off.’
      1. 1.1Delay or postpone an action or decision.
        ‘if I was in their shoes, I'd hold off for a couple of days’
        • ‘The group agrees to hold off on any real decisions until replacements are hired.’
        • ‘In the end, the history of economic crises is clear on one important thing: the longer any economy holds off in facing its imbalances, the greater the possibility of a hard landing.’
        • ‘I was barely 18, just out of high school, had no real obligations in my life and I was enjoying the hell out of the freedom that holding off on college afforded me.’
        • ‘It could be that people are holding off until they know whether there is going to be an appeal.’
        • ‘An expert working group which reported to the Department of Justice a number of years ago recommended holding off on introducing tagging until more sophisticated technology came on stream.’
        • ‘I thought my restlessness over the break and my inability to get on to any big tasks was evidence of my laziness, but I think it was just holding off until I could really get on to things again at work.’
        • ‘They admit that they have not left lawmakers with much time, but said holding off until next year, an election year, would hurt the bill's chances even more.’
        • ‘Perhaps they're all holding off until next week when I'll have finished for the year.’
        • ‘You will hold off until everything meets with your approval.’
        • ‘I asked my realtor what he thought; he advised that we hold off until we sold our house.’
    • 2hold someone or something off, hold off someone or somethingResist an attacker or challenge.

      ‘he held off a late challenge by Vose to win by thirteen seconds’
      • ‘With all his might he fought to hold her off.’
      • ‘Robert is having the challenge of his life trying to hold the other five off, but he is standing strong.’
      • ‘He pushed the men away and held them off until the police arrived and the attackers ran off.’
      • ‘They really went for it and our lads did well to hold them off and obtain the point.’
      • ‘Thankfully we had got into our game by then and managed to hold them off.’
      • ‘But even if someone does come at me, I think I'm playing well enough that I can hopefully hold them off.’
      • ‘The four were gaining but could we hold them off?’
      • ‘It took hundreds of cops and begging the owner of a local gun store for enough weapons to hold these guys off.’
      • ‘The Liberal Democrats held them off in Torbay, which had been the most marginal seat in the country, and Labour retained Putney, in south west London, another key Tory target.’
      • ‘The Indians attacked again at dusk, but they were held off by rifle and cannon fire.’
    hold on
    • 1Grasp or support something with one's hands.

      ‘it took all my strength to hold on’
      • ‘he held on to the back of a chair’
      1. 1.1hold on to someone or somethingKeep or retain someone or something.
        ‘the industry is trying to hold on to experienced staff’
        • ‘White managed to hold on to his lead’
        • ‘He has four months to prove he is worth holding on to and in that time he hopes to hone his English as well as his football skills.’
        • ‘Despite holding on to two stars for the past two years, the hospital could not make it three in a row.’
        • ‘She is putting right what has gone wrong in her life and holding on to what is familiar.’
        • ‘She tries to hold on to as much genuine stuff as she can while pandering to fancier tastes.’
        • ‘These are the memories that we will hold on to when we become advanced in age, if we get there.’
        • ‘Think of all the win bonuses the club has held on to since last July.’
        • ‘Japanese leaders were determined to hold on to what they saw as the critical area of the Pacific theatre.’
        • ‘As far as I know, there are only two ways to hold on to more of your money: earn more or spend less.’
        • ‘It is a book to hold on to, for repeated reference to information and inspiration.’
        • ‘The correct strategy would then be to hold on to as much territory as possible for as long as possible.’
    • 2often in imperative Wait; stop.

      ‘Hold on! Slow down a bit!’
      • ‘ hold on a minute, I'll be right back!’
      • ‘It looks safe outside, but they're still telling us that the air is bad, so I'm holding on and waiting for a few days.’
      • ‘But hold on a minute - are we still talking about children's choices here, or our own?’
      • ‘But hold on a minute, he is having an affair with his secretary because he is famous?’
      • ‘Now just hold on a minute, judgmental John, have you forgotten that this is not the UK?’
      • ‘When he finished telling her his idea, she asked him to hold on a minute and left the room.’
    • 3Endure or keep going in difficult circumstances.

      ‘if only they could hold on a little longer’
      • ‘We discussed what makes certain people hold on in extreme circumstances.’
      • ‘Mark Potts was the club's sole representative in the under-15s race, holding on for a respectable 23rd position.’
      • ‘At the finish they were holding on for dear life and with St. Josephs coming at them in waves Bobby Miller must have been relieved to hear the final whistle.’
      • ‘In many ways I think we're holding on just to make it to the cabin.’
      • ‘They have been holding on for as long as possible.’
      • ‘Jamie Ewart did lash home a deserved second for Whitehill in the very last minute but the visitors held on.’
      • ‘A late try for Merton made for a frantic last five minutes but Streatham held on for victory.’
      • ‘It was another of those games where we had to hold on in the dying minutes.’
      • ‘They held on for fifteen minutes before a penalty was awarded close in.’
      • ‘‘In my circle of friends a few have lost their jobs, but most are holding on tight,’ she said.’
    hold out
    • 1Resist or survive in difficult circumstances.

      ‘the troops held out against constant attacks’
      • ‘The only place that held out against the revolution was the Winter Palace, the residence of the former Tsar.’
      • ‘He failed to capture Tobruk, and for over a year the isolated garrison held out against all attempts to take it.’
      • ‘What would be the value of a lone survivor, pointlessly holding out in a blighted, boarded-up street?’
      • ‘Perhaps he just hasn't the strength of will to hold out, as one might be unable to withstand torture.’
      • ‘Ravaged cities continue to hold out against the coalition.’
      • ‘I thought if we hold out for ten more minutes, I'll be happy.’
      • ‘Troops controlled by the Roman Catholic bishop set siege to the city but the Anabaptists were able to hold out for 16 months.’
      • ‘A Japanese invasion from occupied China was not unexpected; the colony had simply been told to hold out for as long as possible.’
      • ‘His improvisation and organization helped the British to hold out for 217 days against overwhelming forces.’
      • ‘From 4 August 1900, they defiantly held out for 13 days until finally relieved.’
      1. 1.1Continue to be sufficient.
        ‘we can stay here for as long as our supplies hold out’
        • ‘We're going to stay here as long as possible, as long as our food supply holds out.’
        • ‘She knew her crew was getting tired and restless, and the supplies wouldn't hold out forever.’
        • ‘The only thing to hope for was our emergency oxygen supply would hold out long enough for us to get to a lower altitude.’
        • ‘The reconstruction will track the amount of money available from the proceeds of the oil wells, and will continue as long and as far as this money holds out.’
        • ‘I've bought at least one album every week so far this year, I plan to continue this provided my finances hold out.’
        • ‘We stayed as long as our air would hold out, headed back to the boat, filled the tanks and within an hour we were all back in the same spot doing it all again.’
        • ‘The bar's owner, to the delight of his patrons, promised to stay open as long as the power from his generator held out.’
        • ‘She is also expected to break the record for a woman circumnavigating the globe if her mast holds out.’
    • 2hold something out, hold out somethingHave a feeling of hope or optimism.

      ‘only time will tell if the plan is successful, but I'm not holding out much hope’
      • ‘families had been holding out hope that a remarkable survival story would yet emerge’
      • ‘And that at least holds out the possibility that he'll stay - that he could be a winner in the future.’
      • ‘This nineteenth century green man holds out the prophetic possibility of restoration with nature, and in doing so reinforces our own sense of exile from it.’
      • ‘There is at present no cure: but the announcement last week that scientists are developing a potential vaccine, which is undergoing early clinical trials, holds out a ray of hope.’
      • ‘It is a revealing and frightening book, which nevertheless holds out a few strands of hope, provided we can snap out of our trance and start preparing in earnest for the inevitable.’
      • ‘It also holds out the prospect of improved treatments and better techniques of preventing the distressing condition, which affects one in every 500 children.’
      • ‘This breakthrough holds out hope of one day developing a new generation of treatments for a disease that claims the lives of 10,000 men every year in the UK alone.’
      • ‘A British breakthrough in stem cell research holds out the prospect that ‘permanent’ brain and nerve damage may one day be reversed.’
      • ‘China holds out the promise of being the most important growth economy in the world outside the United States.’
      • ‘In such dark times, feminism holds out a beacon of hope.’
      • ‘But an operation that holds out the promise of a more normal life still seems as far away as ever - and in the meantime his condition continues to worsen.’
      1. 2.1Offer a chance or hope.
        ‘a new drug may hold out hope for patients with lung cancer’
        • ‘this study holds out the prospect of an earlier and more scientific monitoring system’
    hold out for
    • hold out for somethingContinue to demand a particular thing, refusing to accept what has been offered.

      ‘he is holding out for a guaranteed 7 per cent rise’
      • ‘She accepted the money after being told she could lose it all if she continued holding out for more.’
      • ‘Some reports have said that university teachers are continuing to hold out for two months back pay.’
      • ‘He is holding out for more than the million pounds he has been offered to make the film.’
      • ‘She says she was holding out for an offer from the BBC, which she felt would do the best job.’
      • ‘That means even small companies can hold out for sweeter offers.’
      • ‘It looks increasingly likely that shareholders who had been holding out for more than £6 a share will be disappointed.’
      • ‘Some are holding out for a higher price, though most are refusing because they prefer to till their patch of land than spend the £28,000 they would receive.’
      • ‘The workers are holding out for a four per cent pay increase but management have only offered 3.6 per cent.’
      • ‘He's holding out for more money, thinking someone else is going to give him more than I'm offering.’
      • ‘If you have options you can hold out for more money.’
    hold out on
    • hold out on someoneRefuse to give something, typically information, to someone.

      • ‘you've been holding out on me’
      • ‘While the British held out on sharing information, it did build the Australian public a consolation prize, a nuclear reactor at Lucas Heights in Southern Sydney.’
      • ‘He's holding out on vital information that we trusted him with.’
      • ‘Was it wise for me to hold out on information like that?’
      • ‘If the economists won't say why the boss makes so much, what else are they holding out on?’
      • ‘I know how much it hurt you, and I definitely agree that it would have hurt me too - but it seemed like she was holding out on you before that.’
      • ‘They'd know that I was holding out on them, but what did they expect?’
      • ‘Because if you're dating that LeeAnne girl and have been holding out on me, I'm gonna kill you!’
      • ‘I think you've been holding out on me.’
      • ‘I just want to know… why are you holding out on me?’
      • ‘Little were we to realize, then, that the group has in fact been holding out on us.’
    hold over
    • 1hold something over, hold over somethingBritish Postpone something.

      ‘the usual family gathering was held over until late January’
      • ‘A number of letters have been held over until next week.’
      • ‘The movie poll results have been held over until later in the week.’
      • ‘‘It is possible maybe for one person to hold their funeral over maybe until Monday,’ said Fr O'Sullivan.’
      • ‘Lack of time means I have to hold it over until next week.’
      • ‘The Government will take its chances on business; if we cannot complete it, then that business will be held over until early next year.’
      • ‘The company announced the cuts on Friday of last week, sparking anger from workers who believe the news was held over until Friday to bury it in the aftermath of the election.’
      • ‘I note the Minister of Police is not in the Chamber today and I seek leave of the House to hold this question over until the Minister is present.’
      • ‘I seek leave to hold this question over until Mr Hawkins is in a position to be in the House to answer it.’
      • ‘I was very keen to ask this question of Mr Hodgson, the Convenor, and I wonder whether I can seek leave to hold it over until I can do that.’
      • ‘A full report on the gathering has been held over due to lack of space.’
      • ‘The completion of the tarring at the hall and the footpaths to the village will be held over, pending the provision of a new public lighting system and necessary ducting.’
      • ‘The announcement of the final count was held over from the early hours of Sunday morning to allow for the papers to be checked.’
    • 2hold something over someoneUse a piece of information to threaten or intimidate someone.

      ‘I resented him holding the secret over me’
      • ‘These are offensive weapons for the purpose of inflicting death on a massive scale, developed so that he can hold the threat over the head of anyone he chooses, in his own region or beyond.’
      • ‘If you think that you're holding some threat over my head, think again.’
      • ‘And also part of the purpose of that statutory provision is to hold a threat over people…’
      • ‘She holds this fact over Negi's head as a vague threat, though we're fairly sure she won't intentionally do anything with it.’
    hold to
    • 1hold to somethingRefuse to abandon or change a principle or opinion.

      • ‘they held to the view that it was safe’
      1. 1.1hold someone to somethingForce or persuade someone to adhere to a commitment.
        • ‘the role of the media ought to be to hold politicians to their promises’
    hold together
    • 1Remain united.

      ‘if your party holds together, you will probably win’
      • ‘As long as he remains in power he holds the country together and is a bulwark against enemies from outside.’
      • ‘She was also successful in holding her party together.’
      • ‘He is seen as the only politician really capable of holding the government together.’
      • ‘They're holding the party together, but they are passing an agenda that is dividing and polarizing the county.’
      • ‘Somehow on Saturday night he was not only able to remain outwardly cool, but he also held his players together in a tense situation.’
      • ‘To a degree anticommunism, and with it a ‘strong’ defence policy, gave conservative parties an intellectual glue which held them together.’
      • ‘He was the glue that held this coalition government together.’
      • ‘Our communities are held together by the generosity inherent in gifting.’
      • ‘I think that our society is held together by respect for these public voicings of commitment.’
      1. 1.1hold something together, hold together somethingCause something to remain united.
        • ‘nations are held together by shared beliefs’
      2. 1.2(of an argument or theory) be logical, consistent, or convincing.
        • ‘their argument doesn't hold together’
    hold up
    • 1hold something up, hold up somethingSupport and prevent something from falling.

      ‘concrete pillars hold up the elevated section of the railway’
      • ‘The rooftop of the stables was a flat sheet of metal with wooden pillars to hold it up.’
      • ‘As we were heading down on the platform, we noticed the third monorail track above the platform was held up by column-like supports with ivy wrapped around it.’
      • ‘She realized one of the boards holding the mattress up had fallen.’
      • ‘Two hits later, the tree was halfway down and quickly falling towards the ground, crushing large amounts of undergrowth on the way, Matthew holding the one end up so as to prevent it from crushing the man he was trying to save.’
      • ‘It looked like the roadway had collapsed, I could see the crumbling remains of the old supports that had held it up.’
      • ‘Four columns held it up for support, and each column had a diameter of no less than ten feet.’
      • ‘Pillars that hold these bridges up are being placed at intervals wider than the old ones, to permit easier water flow.’
      • ‘The boxes that had displayed fruit were scattered in broken pieces around the stand, the cloth roof was torn and two of the posts holding it up were cracked and fallen over.’
      • ‘Since the entire palace was made of alabaster, it hardly needed pillars to hold it up.’
      • ‘Suddenly the heroes felt the floor beneath them shake and they hid behind the pillars that held the ceiling up.’
      • ‘Pillars seemed to have held the roof up for many years now as the roof was cracked and crumbling.’
      • ‘The waiter greeted her in a perky voice and gestured to a sign with the menu written on it hanging from one of the slender stone pillars that held the cloth roof up.’
      • ‘Two stone pillars held an arched roof up, which itself was engraved with runes and other types of symbols.’
      • ‘The top half of the building broke free from the rest of the building, and began to grind and sway as the only thing holding it up was crumbling concrete.’
      • ‘They were immediately behind one of the giant metal posts holding up the roof!’
      • ‘Luckily, one of the posts holding the jetty up was stopping him going any further, otherwise he would have been in trouble.’
      • ‘Later that evening our distraught neighbour came round to inform us that this was in fact one of the walls that was holding our building up and that whoever had knocked a hole in it was putting us at risk of collapsing like a pack of cards.’
      • ‘Hannah's legs seemed to no longer be able to hold her up, and she fell to the floor, shaking violently.’
      • ‘She added that the surface around the grate had got so bad that the brackets holding the grate cover up were exposed and when pedestrians walked on the grate it wobbled.’
      • ‘Aidan wasn't sure his legs would hold him up, but he stood.’
    • 2hold something up, hold up somethingDisplay something by holding it above one's waist or head.

      ‘he held up the book so she could see the cover’
      • ‘Once on the plate smaller plates slide out to hold up the sleeves.’
      • ‘Some are just sitting picking away at their work, others standing holding up their latest creations.’
      • ‘Walking out I see Billie with a cheesey grin on holding up my crutches.’
      • ‘Sam went outside the airport to look for the person who would hold up a sign saying " Sam Miller ".’
      • ‘Many held up camcorders or cellphones with cameras to capture the scene.’
      • ‘He holds up a copy of the latest bestseller.’
      • ‘But, unable to hold any book up or tilt his head down, he had to cast his eyes down to see the pages.’
      • ‘Catching view of her father's puzzled look Kerri came to the realization that she was standing on the table holding her spoon up in the air.’
      • ‘Drawing on his acting talents, Charles Dickens holds up a copy of one of his own novels, from which to read to an adoring public.’
      • ‘She held up a beautiful gown made of lace and satin, in white and gray.’
      1. 2.1hold someone or something up, hold up someone or somethingPresent or expose someone or something as an example or for particular treatment.
        ‘they were held up to public ridicule’
        • ‘York will be held up to the rest of the world as an example of hope for the future of the planet.’
        • ‘The thing about broad generalizations made about a group of people is that if they are held up to scrutiny they are, more often than not, proved false at their very core.’
        • ‘No diplomat anywhere is likely to turn the other cheek if his president is held up to ridicule in a public forum.’
        • ‘That can only happen through open political debate, where bigoted views are held up to scrutiny.’
        • ‘For a long time golfers were held up to ridicule for their attempts at fashion.’
        • ‘The first test of his leadership, when he will be held up to an hour of merciless scrutiny by the electorate, comes next Saturday.’
        • ‘Students from Swindon College were held up as examples for others to follow at the Further Education Research Association Conference.’
        • ‘For over three years Ireland has been held up as a shining example of a rich country that was prepared to contribute more than the rhetoric to the debate on poverty.’
        • ‘They give high quality care and they are held up as an example of good practice.’
        • ‘Instead it holds up for admiration those who made suffering their art form.’
    • 3hold someone or something up, hold up someone or somethingDelay or block the movement or progress of someone or something.

      ‘our return flight was held up for seven hours’
      • ‘At Luxor airport seven flights were held up while two others were diverted to Cairo airport.’
      • ‘If there is a thunderstorm in Chicago, all the flights in New York are held up.’
      • ‘If I had been in that airport and my flight was held up because of these idiots, I would have cheered the police on as they arrested the couple.’
      • ‘One flight was cancelled at Leeds Bradford Airport with delays ranging from 10 to 45 minutes, while 100 flights were held up by up to more than an hour at Manchester Airport.’
      • ‘Mr Reynolds said the application had been held up by discussions on restricting the goods to be sold and a proposal to set up an agreement tying the shop to the farm which he could not sign as he was a tenant and not the farm owner.’
      • ‘I had to wait three hours for the next one and hoped no-one had cursed me for holding the flight up.’
      • ‘Real medical advances are held up for years or totally blocked by red-tape.’
      • ‘It meant a three-day delay in delivery for some wards as the post was held up over the Bank Holiday weekend.’
      • ‘This should help prevent the repeat of situations where critical forest thinning projects were held up for years, only to be rendered moot by the flames that agency managers were urgently trying to prevent.’
      • ‘What is really holding up the further spread of such infrastructure are planning delays.’
    • 4hold someone or something up, hold up someone or somethingRob someone or something using threats or violence.

      ‘a masked gunman held up the post office’
      • ‘Two months ago we were held up by a gunman and the next day people thought we had made it up as a publicity stunt.’
      • ‘In late September, three canoes carrying fishing supplies were held up by gunmen who seized all goods and abducted the 23 people on board.’
      • ‘Kids are under enormous pressure to collect the whole set and it seems they will do so even if it means stealing them or holding someone up at knifepoint.’
      • ‘He told her that he had been held up and his car stolen, and that he had managed to run away with his underwear only.’
      • ‘While they were heading home, they were held up for a second time by another gang of gunmen.’
      • ‘A gang of robbers escaped with several million pounds in cash during a raid at Heathrow Airport in which a security van was held up.’
      • ‘The post office and store in Thorpe Road, Kirby Cross, has been shut since the last raid on January 16 after gun-wielding robbers held it up.’
      • ‘He claimed he was held up at knife point during a raid when some two thousand pounds' worth of video equipment was stolen.’
      • ‘He was walking to a nearby post office to deposit his takings when he was held up.’
      • ‘Nobody thinks that if criminals cannot get imitation guns they will stop holding people up.’
    • 5Remain strong or vigorous.

      ‘the Labour vote held up well’
      • ‘The counting of postal votes shows 6,000 votes already cast with our vote holding up well.’
      • ‘At the last general election the Labour vote held up best in the party's marginal seats.’
      • ‘Whether it will hold up under the latest media onslaught remains to be seen.’
      • ‘I sweat until pretty much every inch of my clothing is soaked, but my energy holds up.’
      • ‘We will be fine while the building boom holds up but when that slows down there is going to be a hell of a lot of people looking for work.’
      • ‘I also have a sack of the resin on order so that I can make more blanks if I run out of these and the demand holds up.’
      • ‘In-store activity had been holding up well but has suddenly gone very quiet over the past couple of weeks, he told me.’
      • ‘Travis's core heavyside business, which services the jobbing builder, is holding up well.’
      • ‘He says at the moment prices are holding up, just marginally below last year's levels.’
      1. 5.1(of an argument or theory) be logical, consistent, or convincing.
        • ‘their views still seem to hold up extremely well’
    • 6often in imperative Wait; stop.

      • ‘Hold up! I'm coming too!’
    • 7hold something up, hold up somethingBridge
      Refrain from playing a winning card for tactical reasons.

      • ‘South held up the Ace until the third round of the suit’
    hold with
    British informal
    • hold with somethingwith negative Approve of something.

      • ‘I don't hold with fighting or violence’
      • ‘And by the way, I hope this makes it clear that I do not hold with the idea that because a blogger accepted donations that he or she is required to answer to the donors.’
      • ‘He doesn't hold with the cynics who can't accept characters bursting into song at the drop of a hat.’
      • ‘He did not see it as making it any more or less difficult for him to be re-elected and did not hold with the argument that three-seat constituencies worked against smaller parties.’
      • ‘I'll float the hypothesis even if I don't hold with it for one moment.’
      • ‘‘I hold with their beliefs that everyone has a right to live a good quality of life,’ explains the year 10 student.’
      • ‘I still hold with the view that a bad choice is better than none, and my guess is most others, especially those who have lived under dictatorships would agree.’
      • ‘I don't hold with celebrating particular dates.’
      • ‘He admits that Killian had very high standards and didn't hold with pilots not meeting them.’
      • ‘Some people call it jogging, but I don't hold with these Americanisms.’
      • ‘I don't hold with a religious Christmas particularly, I'm not that bothered about presents.’


Old English haldan, healdan, of Germanic origin; related to Dutch houden and German halten; the noun is partly from Old Norse hald ‘hold, support, custody’.

Main meanings of hold in English

: hold1hold2


Pronunciation /həʊld/

See synonyms for hold

Translate hold into Spanish


  • A large compartment or space in the lower part of a ship or aircraft in which cargo is stowed.

    ‘oversized baggage is placed in the hold of the plane’
    • ‘Each unit costs a different amount and they also take up a certain amount of space in the cargo hold of the ship.’
    • ‘A final doorway led from the galley down to the cargo hold under the ship.’
    • ‘Some were given spaces in the vast holds of the ship, where they laid down to rest and were asleep in just a few minutes.’
    • ‘I jumped to the ground and headed for the cargo hold, examining my ship on the way.’
    • ‘They hoist their bags on to the ramp, step up into the back of the aircraft and pass their bags forward to the cargo hold.’
    • ‘And the huge sliding doors on both sides allow for the kind of access normally offered by the cargo holds of large merchant ships.’
    • ‘They can stroll to the bar, or perhaps down to a gym on the lower deck, next to the cargo hold.’
    • ‘During travel, insulin should not be put in the luggage hold of an aircraft as it may freeze.’
    • ‘Most of the emigrants traveled in steerage accommodations, between the upper deck and the cargo hold.’
    • ‘They have encouraged carry-on bags to cut the time and expense of loading luggage into aircraft holds.’
    • ‘‘We just plucked our bags from the hold of the aircraft, and drove off,’ he says.’
    • ‘All the bags in the hold of the aircraft were removed and re-scanned, although nothing untoward was detected.’
    • ‘A fire in the engine-room spread to the hold, causing the crew to abandon ship.’
    • ‘Pushchairs can be wheeled right up to the steps of the aircraft and are then stowed in the hold while the children are carried aboard.’
    • ‘Rameses takes me to the bottom of the ship, to the cargo hold.’
    • ‘The captain walked down to the lower hold of the ship flanked by two bodyguards.’
    • ‘The cargo was stowed in the hold.’
    • ‘And then some of their cargo showed up, and they were all busy stowing it in the cargo hold.’
    • ‘Parts that had been replaced were scattered on the metal floor in the space that had once been the cargo hold.’
    • ‘Senator Kendrix Vincent walked up the gangway into the hold of her ship, the Blue Delphinus.’


Late 16th century from obsolete holl, from Old English hol (see hole). The addition of -d was due to association with hold.