Meaning of inborn in English:


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  • 1Existing from birth.

    ‘an inborn defect in the formation of collagen’
    • ‘There is a high frequency of inborn defects of respiratory organs and bronchiectasis.’
    • ‘There are three main categories of congenital problems to be considered in pediatric patients: congenital malformations, inborn errors of metabolism, and other inherited disorders.’
    • ‘Apart from these inborn defects, deprivation of ascorbic acid (vitamin C) at any time of life interferes with a step in collagen synthesis; the resulting bleeding, bruising, and poor healing are part of the picture of scurvy.’
    • ‘Some of the cell lines were from individuals with rare inborn errors of metabolism, although none suffered from a condition known to be associated with their APOE genotype.’
    • ‘The first question is one that cannot be answered with total certainty but, like most personality traits, psychopathy does in general seem to be inborn and genetically inherited.’
    • ‘Intelligence is an emergent property of person-in-society, not an inborn capability or an epigenetically developed trait of individuals.’
    • ‘Other causes of hypoglycaemia should be excluded; serum and urine samples must be taken at the time of hypoglycaemia for relevant investigations, in particular to exclude hyperinsulinaemia and inborn errors of metabolism.’
    • ‘An inborn error of metabolism is suggested by the high rate of occurrence within families.’
    • ‘Many of these inborn errors of metabolism can lead to serious complications or even death if they're not controlled with diet or medication from an early age.’
    • ‘A rare but important cause of tremor in the young is Wilson's disease, an inborn error of copper metabolism that can be fatal if left untreated.’
    • ‘As an inborn metabolic error, it is extremely rare, with most of the few dozen cases occurring in Finland.’
    • ‘Homosexuality is an inborn, biological trait just like heterosexuality.’
    • ‘Some people believe that resilience is a trait that is inborn; you either have it or you don't.’
    • ‘Gaucher disease is a typical lysosomal storage disease resulting from an inborn deficiency of -glucocerebrosidase, which leads to the accumulation of glycolipids in macrophages.’
    • ‘People do seem to differ in their inborn ability to handle life's stresses.’
    • ‘Some suggest that crying could be an inborn healing mechanism, or a way of removing toxins that build up with stress.’
    • ‘There are some very vocal proponents who would persuade whoever will listen, that same-sex sexual orientation is inborn.’
    • ‘Playfulness is an inborn ability that is hardwired into our genetic code.’
    • ‘The evidence for an inborn, male predisposition for systematizing comes from a single experiment on newborn infants, tested with a single person and object.’
    • ‘Other items of an interest at the forum will be susceptibilities and inborn anomalies, determination of the phenotype, genealogical study and risk assessment prevention.’
    genetic, genetical, congenital, inborn, inherent, inherited, inbred, innate, in the family, in the blood, in the genes
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    1. 1.1Natural to a person or animal.
      ‘people think doctors have inborn compassion’
      • ‘Loewe, from Spain, leads the path of luxurious elegance reserved for those women possessing natural, inborn style, who want to look refined and elegant, but not extravagant or overdone.’
      • ‘We have a natural, inborn tendency to try to be ‘nice guys’ even though this is absolutely contrary to anything that really works with women!’
      • ‘All human beings (except for the handful of deviants who call themselves naturalists) have an inborn sense of shame.’
      • ‘Very little is known about the nature of inherited talents, of inborn gifts.’
      • ‘Early research has defined leadership in terms of innate individual traits: some people are somehow born with an inborn quality to lead.’
      • ‘From an evolutionary perspective, aggression is a response to a potential threat or provocation across a variety of species and seems to be an inborn response tendency.’
      • ‘The difference between a good rider and a truly brilliant one comes down to sheer innate ability - something inborn that can enable such a jockey to win a race that others may not.’
      innate, congenital, existing from birth
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/ˈɪnbɔːn/ /ɪnˈbɔːn/