Meaning of insulin in English:


Pronunciation /ˈɪnsjʊlɪn/

Translate insulin into Spanish


mass noun
  • 1Biochemistry
    A hormone produced in the pancreas by the islets of Langerhans, which regulates the amount of glucose in the blood. The lack of insulin causes a form of diabetes.

    ‘The pancreas secretes the hormone insulin which is the key to allowing glucose to enter the cells.’
    • ‘When you eat carbohydrates your body produces insulin which regulates your blood sugar levels and helps your body store fat.’
    • ‘If you give it to people with low blood sugar, both insulin and blood glucose levels improve.’
    • ‘It's caused by an insufficient level of insulin, a glucose regulating hormone.’
    • ‘It produces hormones called insulin and glucagons that enable the body to use sugars and store fats.’
    • ‘This happens because the pancreas releases insulin to get the blood sugar levels back to normal.’
    • ‘The pancreas controlled glucose metabolism by generating a hormone they named insulin.’
    • ‘Diabetics do not produce enough insulin when blood glucose levels rise rapidly.’
    • ‘When there is a shortage or lack of insulin, glucose will accumulate and diabetes will develop.’
    • ‘The key, he believes, is insulin, a hormone secreted by the pancreas gland.’
    • ‘They drew blood samples in the morning after an overnight fast and analysed blood glucose and serum insulin.’
    • ‘The way your body responds to insulin, the hormone that controls your blood sugar level may be involved.’
    • ‘Typically, it strikes kids and occurs when the pancreatic islets that produce insulin, die off.’
    • ‘It develops when there is an insufficient amount of the natural hormone insulin.’
    • ‘After meals, the hormone insulin acts to promote storage of glucose in the form of glycogen in the liver.’
    • ‘It imitates the effects of insulin and boosts insulin release from the pancreas.’
    • ‘Diabetes occurs when the body cannot make enough insulin, the hormone needed to convert food into energy.’
    • ‘The far more common type 2 results from an inability to utilize the insulin the body produces.’
    • ‘In type II diabetes, the body does not produce enough insulin, or the cells in the body do not react properly to the insulin.’
    1. 1.1An animal-derived or synthetic form of insulin used to treat diabetes.
      ‘Type I diabetes is treated by injections of insulin, which helps the body break down glucose, and a healthy diet.’
      • ‘There are people here who are in need of insulin for their diabetes.’
      • ‘I was glad that he was willing to restart the insulin, even if it was for the wrong reason.’
      • ‘This equalizes air pressure in the bottle, making it easier to withdraw the insulin.’
      • ‘The stress of worrying about how she was going to afford the insulin would make her condition even worse.’
      • ‘Detectives will need to establish if the insulin played a part in her death and if it was administered in a criminal act or by accident.’
      • ‘When acidity was lowered, as it is in the intestine, it caused the capsules to expand and release the insulin.’
      • ‘Close it up and then you go tell your Mum or Dad and they'll give you the insulin.’
      • ‘The boy had never received animal insulin and there had been no interruption in his treatment.’
      • ‘Though needing to tap doorknobs is slightly weirder than needing to inject insulin.’
      • ‘Animal research has produced key medical breakthroughs, from insulin to heart transplants to vaccines.’
      • ‘The only problem is, the insulin works so well that it sends your blood sugar plummeting.’
      • ‘Why was that, with the insulin so high, is the insulin doing the job at that level, is that what's going on there?’
      • ‘Without the insulin, sugars build up in the blood until the person with diabetes dies.’
      • ‘If glycosuria persists despite reducing the glucose input, insulin may be needed.’
      • ‘The amount of insulin and number of shots can be changed according to your blood sugar levels.’
      • ‘With the pen, patients turn a dose knob to select the amount of insulin they need.’
      • ‘It lasts a lifetime and requires multiple injections of insulin and finger-prick blood tests just to stay alive.’
      • ‘It is found to be as effective as insulin in the restoration of blood glucose and body weight to normal levels.’
      • ‘I had to find out how to measure my blood glucose and dose myself with insulin.’


Early 20th century from Latin insula ‘island’ + -in.