Meaning of inulin in English:


Pronunciation /ˈɪnjʊlɪn/


mass nounBiochemistry
  • A complex of sugar present in the roots of various plants and used medically to test kidney function. It is a polysaccharide based on fructose.

    ‘Prebiotics are complex carbohydrates - oligosaccharides, such as inulin and short-chain sugars.’
    • ‘While neither sugar beet fiber nor inulin had a metabolic effect on the dogs, guar gum resulted in decreased postprandial insulin and fasting cholesterol.’
    • ‘It contains taraxasterol, choline, inulin and pectin.’
    • ‘The polysaccharides used were levan from Bacillus subtilis, inulin DP 10 from chicory root, and dextran.’
    • ‘Another sugar replacement option is inulin and oligofructose fibers, used as bulking agents in conjunction with high intensity sweeteners.’


Early 19th century from Latin inula(identified by medieval herbalists with elecampane) + -in.