Meaning of inulin in English:

inulin

Pronunciation /ˈɪnjʊlɪn/

noun

mass nounBiochemistry
  • A complex of sugar present in the roots of various plants and used medically to test kidney function. It is a polysaccharide based on fructose.

    ‘Prebiotics are complex carbohydrates - oligosaccharides, such as inulin and short-chain sugars.’
    • ‘While neither sugar beet fiber nor inulin had a metabolic effect on the dogs, guar gum resulted in decreased postprandial insulin and fasting cholesterol.’
    • ‘It contains taraxasterol, choline, inulin and pectin.’
    • ‘The polysaccharides used were levan from Bacillus subtilis, inulin DP 10 from chicory root, and dextran.’
    • ‘Another sugar replacement option is inulin and oligofructose fibers, used as bulking agents in conjunction with high intensity sweeteners.’

Origin

Early 19th century from Latin inula(identified by medieval herbalists with elecampane) + -in.