Meaning of irrigate in English:


Pronunciation /ˈɪrɪɡeɪt/

See synonyms for irrigate

Translate irrigate into Spanish


[with object]
  • 1Supply water to (land or crops) to help growth, typically by means of channels.

    ‘While rainfall registers about 50 inches per year, growers often have to irrigate their crops during extended drought periods.’
    • ‘Growers are responsible only for irrigating the crop, making it an attractive alternative for farms with adequate irrigation water.’
    • ‘Rebecca uses a sprinkler system to irrigate her crops.’
    • ‘Already, the Israeli rate of usage of water per acre for irrigating crops is just 30 percent of that used by US agriculture.’
    • ‘Once the treatment cycle is complete, the water irrigates the farm crops.’
    • ‘The flow is diverted down the rows to irrigate their crops.’
    • ‘Plants were irrigated regularly with tap water but were not fertilized.’
    • ‘Plants were irrigated with deionized water and fertilized from day 15 onward.’
    • ‘The house is filled with energy-saving devices, while the lawn and orchard are irrigated with recycled water.’
    • ‘Irrigation before planting may work better than trying to irrigate the cover crop up.’
    • ‘For millennia farmers have had to stretch water resources to irrigate their crops.’
    • ‘Once the treatment cycle is complete, the water irrigates the farm crops.’
    • ‘Fishing is unauthorized activity here, so is diverting water to irrigate fields.’
    • ‘Less than half the region's 140,000 acres of farmland were irrigated.’
    • ‘As the Sunset approached El Paso, irrigated farmland appeared and soon we were in the suburbs.’
    • ‘In these areas, 37 tanks used for irrigating farmlands are at just 13 percent of capacity.’
    • ‘The water helps irrigate 14,000 hectares or 35,000 acres of cotton.’
    • ‘During the experiment, these plants were irrigated by sprinklers to field capacity every two days.’
    • ‘Plots were irrigated regularly and weeds were carefully controlled both manually and through herbicide treatment.’
    • ‘Larger, more efficiently irrigated farms would be more productive and fiscally sound.’
    water, bring water to
    View synonyms
    1. 1.1(of a river or stream) supply (land) with water.
      ‘It has a small cultivable area to be irrigated by these rivers.’
      • ‘The waters in these three rivers irrigate the plains of Punjab, which produce most of the wheat and paddy that Indians eat and, if any left, export.’
      • ‘The river irrigates the site and enables crops to be transported for trade.’
      • ‘The sun beats down, melting the glaciers that feed water into the streams, irrigating settlements and creating oases of willows and poplars.’
      • ‘Villagers present impressed upon the officers the need for quick repairs as the canal irrigated around 4900 hectares of land.’
  • 2Medicine
    Wash out (an organ or wound) with a continuous flow of water or medication.

    ‘For 8 days, the wound was irrigated with normal saline using a 35-cc syringe and a 19-gauge needle.’
    • ‘The surgeon copiously irrigates the wound with sterile saline solution and checks for leaks or bleeding.’
    • ‘The surgeon thoroughly irrigated the wound with antibiotic irrigation.’
    • ‘If the physician was unable to completely visualize the tympanic membrane 15 minutes later, the ear was irrigated with 50 ml of tepid water.’
    • ‘When the dressing is removed, the wound should be irrigated with normal saline to remove liquefied debris.’
    • ‘The cavity is irrigated daily with mild antiseptic solution, and drainage from the tubes can be collected in a colostomy bag.’


Early 17th century from Latin irrigat- ‘moistened’, from the verb irrigare, from in- ‘into’ + rigare ‘moisten, wet’.