Meaning of isoleucine in English:


Pronunciation /ˌʌɪsə(ʊ)ˈluːsiːn/


mass nounBiochemistry
  • A hydrophobic amino acid that is a constituent of most proteins. It is an essential nutrient in the diet of vertebrates.

    Chemical formula: CH₃CH₂CH(CH₃)CH(NH₂)COOH

    ‘Key essential amino acids are valine, leucine, isoleucine, tryptophan and methionine.’
    • ‘Contents of alanine, valine, isoleucine, and leucine were increased by anaerobic conditions.’
    • ‘ALS is a mitochondrial enzyme involved in the biosynthesis of the branched-chain amino acids isoleucine and valine.’
    • ‘Relative to other protein sources, whey has a high concentration of branched-chain amino acids - leucine, isoleucine, and valine.’
    • ‘Branched-chain amino acids are composed of leucine, isoleucine and valine, three of 18 amino acids that make up a complete protein.’