Meaning of karyotype in English:


Pronunciation /ˈkarɪə(ʊ)tʌɪp/


Biology Medicine
  • The number and visual appearance of the chromosomes in the cell nuclei of an organism or species.

    ‘This method seems to be applicable, but it is very time consuming and will be subject to difficulties in species with karyotypes that include chromosomes of very different size.’
    • ‘The distribution of acrocentric chromosomes among the karyotypes of species in each branch is shown.’
    • ‘After therapy or with disease progression, karyotypes often vary from karyotypes at diagnosis.’
    • ‘This SC karyotype is very similar to karyotypes developed from pachytene chromosome squashes.’
    • ‘In addition to markers from the linkage map, we also probed karyotypes with ribosomal RNA gene sequences and 4 of the 12 ungrouped markers.’