Meaning of Lollard in English:


Pronunciation /ˈlɒləd/


  • A follower of the 14th century English religious reformer John Wyclif. The Lollards believed that the Church should help people to live a life of evangelical poverty and imitate Christ. Their ideas influenced the thought of John Huss, who in turn influenced Martin Luther.

    ‘Today, our increasingly ‘mediaeval’ nation needs to be viewed through the eyes of John Wyclif and his Lollards.’
    • ‘In doctrinal matters, there were heretics like the Lollards, Hussites, Waldensians and others - these were the sectarian groups who uttered sedition and blasphemy.’
    • ‘The followers of Wycliffe's ideas, known as Lollards, were vociferous in support of such demands.’
    • ‘Both the English Lollards and the Bohemian Hussites were condemned as heretical for their popular condemnation of the sale of indulgences, calls for vernacular translations of the Bible, and free preaching of the gospel.’
    • ‘Wyclif's followers, the Lollards, were also branded heretics.’
    • ‘A century later, he was rediscovered by Wycliffe and revered by the Lollards, but their opponents also found plenty to suit them in his work.’
    • ‘The publication of yet another study of the late medieval English heretics known as Lollards may give some scholars pause.’
    • ‘If the Lollards had not existed, it would have been necessary to invent them.’
    • ‘The exception was a widespread underground movement, the Lollards.’
    • ‘Like the Lollards of the Reformation and the rationalists of the Enlightenment, all we have is reason and an unswerving commitment to changing this world, since it's the only one we've got.’
    • ‘Among much broader goals, the Lollards affirmed a form of consubstantiation - that the Eucharist remained physically bread and wine, while becoming spiritually the body and blood of Christ.’
    • ‘Although the book spans a period from the Lollards to New Labour, Rose primarily examines the autodidact tradition from around the time of the Reform Bill up to the end of the Second World War.’
    • ‘An enormously bloated religious class straddles society, attempting to throttle its own internal opposition, the Lollards.’
    • ‘Wyclif had attacked the orthodox theory of the Eucharist, but Lollards generally went well beyond him.’
    • ‘One of the great accomplishments of the Lollards was their translation of the first English Bible.’
    • ‘Some Lollards, however, continued to operate underground in a loosely organised but often deep-rooted way.’
    • ‘The Lollards were followers of Wycliffe, at first composed of his supporters at Oxford and the royal court.’
    • ‘The Lollard name is of unknown origin and meaning, but signified a return to a simpler creed.’
    • ‘The Lollards were the most significant heretical group in England before the Reformation.’
    • ‘After Wycliffe's death, nearly thirty years passed before the authorities persecuted the Lollards with any severity.’


Late Middle English originally a derogatory term, derived from a Dutch word meaning ‘mumbler’, based on lollen ‘to mumble’.