Meaning of lysozyme in English:


Pronunciation /ˈlʌɪzə(ʊ)zʌɪm/


mass nounBiochemistry
  • An enzyme which catalyses the destruction of the cell walls of certain bacteria, and occurs notably in tears and egg white.

    ‘Intriguingly, enzymes such as lipase, lysozyme, and subtilisin retained their activities in organic solvents.’
    • ‘Several detailed studies were carried out with the proteins lysozyme and ferritin.’
    • ‘The results were also verified by examining the spectra of two purified proteins, albumin and lysozyme.’
    • ‘The enzyme, hen egg lysozyme, has not been shown to form fibrils in vivo, and only mutants have been associated with amyloid-related diseases.’
    • ‘He succeeded in purifying lysozyme, a bacteria-destroying enzyme found in tears and saliva, and characterized the substances acted upon by the enzyme.’


Early 20th century from lysis + a shortened form of enzyme.