Originally: a tiny dik-dik, Madoqua saltiana (formerly Antilope saltiana), of Ethiopia and other parts of eastern Africa. Now (usually) (in form Madoqua): the genus comprising the dik-diks.
Valid publication of the genus name: W. Ogilby 1837, in Proc. Zool. Soc. 4 137.
Late 18th century; earliest use found in James Bruce (1730–1794), traveller in Africa. From scientific Latin Madoqua from Amharic mĕdaqqwa.