A Mediterranean plant of the nightshade family, with a forked fleshy root which supposedly resembles the human form and which was formerly used in herbal medicine and magic; it was alleged to shriek when pulled from the ground.
Mandragora officinarum, family Solanaceae‘This is true of many old medicinal plants like the mandrake, an herb which grows around the Mediterranean.’
- ‘Plants, such as the mandrake, orchid, and sweet potato, have, as the history of folk medicine reveals, been credited with rejuvenating properties.’
- ‘Last summer at The Yard, an arts colony devoted entirely to dance, he spent a month making Mandragora Vulgaris, a work based on the medieval legend of the mandrake root.’
- ‘She's an old woman pulling out a maple sapling by its roots and trying to recall a song she once knew about mandrakes.’
- ‘They are easily frightened, and can only be lured out of their nesting grounds with offerings of mandrake root.’
- ‘His experiences of living in Rome produced Limitatio, a painting that includes variations on the already fantastic shapes of mandrake roots, based on an illustration in a medieval manuscript at the Vatican Library.’
- ‘Assistants held the patient securely and some sedation such as mandrake root or solution of opium was given, a concoction which probably stiffened the surgeon's resolve rather than mollified the patient.’
- ‘Millie picked up a piece of mandrake root and broke it.’
- ‘Colin, staring at a jar of mandrake roots, turns to her, smiling.’
- ‘This discussion of mandrakes introduces the larger issues of the nature of magic and the magic of nature.’
- ‘It was thought that mandrakes sprang up beneath gallows, with the root taking on the shape of the person who'd been hanged.’
Middle English mandrag(g)e, from Middle Dutch mandrag(r)e, from medieval Latin mandragora; associated with man (because of the root) + drake in the Old English sense ‘dragon’.