Meaning of mannitol in English:


Pronunciation /ˈmanɪtɒl/


mass nounChemistry
  • A colourless sweet-tasting crystalline alcohol which is found in many plants and is used in various foods and medical products.

    Chemical formula: CH₂OH(CHOH)₄CH₂OH

    ‘The most common sugar alcohols are sorbitol, mannitol, maltitol and xylitol.’
    • ‘Many diabetic patients replace sugary foods with dietetic foods that contain sugar alcohols such as sorbitol, mannitol, and xylitol.’
    • ‘Sugar alcohols, including xylitol, mannitol, sorbitol, lactitol and maltitol, do not promote tooth decay or sudden spikes in blood sugar.’
    • ‘Even if you haven't heard of mannitol, chances are you've eaten this minty-tasting sugar alcohol as a powdery coating on chewing gum, candies, or pills.’
    • ‘In addition, some sugar-free, low-calorie candies may contain sugar alcohols, such as sorbitol or mannitol.’


Late 19th century from mannite(from manna+ -ite), in the same sense, + -ol.