Meaning of neuraminic acid in English:

neuraminic acid

Pronunciation /ˌnjʊərəˈmɪnɪk/

noun

mass nounBiochemistry
  • A crystalline compound of which derivatives occur in many animal substances, chiefly as sialic acids.

    A sugar with amino and acid groups; chemical formula: C₉H₁₇NO₈

    ‘When a flu virus enters your nose, it latches onto the first thing it finds with a neuraminic acid on it, mucus.’
    • ‘FIG. 3 is a mass spectrometric spectrum of N-glycolyl neuraminic acid obtained by the inventive method.’
    • ‘Cutting out neuraminic acid from the cell membrane weakens the cell membrane.’
    • ‘The dialysable neuraminic acid does not, however, appear to be free, but rather to be bound to hexose and nitrogenous residues in glycopeptide-like low molecular weight compounds.’
    • ‘All three finally agreed to use sialic acid as the family name covering all of the more than thirty derivatives of neuraminic acid, with N-acetylneuraminic acid and N-glycolylneuraminic acid forming the core structures.’

Origin

1940s neuraminic from neuro-(because it was originally isolated from brain tissue) + amine+ -ic.