Main meanings of para- in English

: para-1para-2

para-1

(also par-)

Pronunciation /ˈparə/

prefix

  • 1Beside; adjacent to.

    ‘parataxis’
    • ‘parathyroid’
    1. 1.1Beyond or distinct from, but analogous to.
      ‘paramilitary’
      • ‘paratyphoid’
  • 2Chemistry
    Denoting substitution at diametrically opposite carbon atoms in a benzene ring, e.g. in 1,4 positions.

    Compare with meta- and ortho-

    • ‘paradichlorobenzene’

Origin

From Greek para ‘beside’; in combinations often meaning ‘amiss, irregular’ and denoting alteration or modification.

Main meanings of para- in English

: para-1para-2

para-2

Pronunciation /ˈparə/

prefix

  • Denoting something that protects or wards off.

    ‘parachute’
    • ‘parasol’

Origin

From French, from the Italian imperative singular of parare ‘defend, shield’ (originally meaning ‘prepare’, from Latin parare).