Meaning of penalize in English:


Pronunciation /ˈpiːn(ə)lʌɪz/

See synonyms for penalize

Translate penalize into Spanish


(British penalise)
[with object]
  • 1Subject to a penalty or punishment.

    ‘high-spending councils will be penalized’
    • ‘Starting July 1, locals who leave their bicycles about on the city's main streets will be penalized with a fine of five yuan.’
    • ‘Violatiors will be penalised with fines of 20 000 to 120 000 leva.’
    • ‘You are liable to be penalised and fined by various authorities.’
    • ‘He has always denied any involvement in the attack and initially refused to pay a club fine when Leeds penalised him for his behaviour on the night.’
    • ‘It was nicknamed the ‘music fine’ because it penalised anyone who offered a broad education.’
    • ‘As a result householders are being penalised by ever increasing charges.’
    • ‘We are already penalised by car parking charges and an inability to benefit from citizen's privileges such as free entry days.’
    • ‘Those which don't hit these targets may be penalised with severe fines.’
    • ‘That these people should be potentially penalised for challenging a fine is quite simply a disgrace.’
    • ‘The owner of a York art gallery and shop claims parking charges are penalising the shoppers and tourists who bring wealth and prosperity to the city.’
    • ‘Action that is shutting factory production could see individual farmers, identified to the High Court, penalised by fines, if they refuse to move.’
    • ‘So penalising the captain again would amount to double punishment.’
    • ‘But she said there was no law to penalise councillors for failing to vote on an issue.’
    • ‘Those who wished to leave the manor had to seek permission or be penalized by a fine.’
    • ‘If you decide to pay off your loan early, many lenders will penalise you by charging you an extra two months' interest.’
    • ‘The council seems to be hell-bent on penalising the citizens of York, who are most affected by the scandalous parking charges imposed in the evening.’
    • ‘He feared that all travellers could be penalised because of the actions of a few and he also feared that travellers would be penalised because of inaction of some departments of the City Council.’
    • ‘We, the council tax-paying householders, are being penalised for the excess packaging created by manufacturers and retailers.’
    • ‘Our council tax payers are being penalised for the failures of other councils.’
    punish, discipline, inflict a penalty on, exact a penalty from, deal with, mete out punishment to, sentence, impose a sentence on, chastise, castigate, correct, chasten
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    1. 1.1(in various sports) punish (a player or team) for a breach of the rules by awarding an advantage to the opposition.
      ‘the Scots appeared to be wrongly penalized when the umpire awarded Berlin a penalty corner’
      • ‘Basketball is supposed to be a non-contact sport and referees penalise players that bump, barge and shove an opponent.’
      • ‘Before, the kicking team was penalized if a player came within 2 yards of a returner before he caught the ball.’
      • ‘They would cheer when a goal was scored, boo when the umpires penalized their favorite player, and jump up and down in glee when they won the game.’
      • ‘By 1994, the league added a ‘taunting’ clause to its technical-foul rule to, in effect, penalize a player for non-verbal trash talking.’
      • ‘My advice for next year is to avoid leagues that penalize players for having too large a role in the offense.’
      • ‘These actions are tempting because they enable greater control, but they are illegal and a decent referee will be sure penalize the player in a game.’
      • ‘In some respects, teams are almost penalized for converting first downs in the two-minute drill because it just takes that much longer to get the next play off.’
      • ‘The truth is that some teams are penalized more than others.’
      • ‘But they got it wrong when they voted to allow officials to penalize teams 15 yards for any on-field celebration deemed excessive.’
      • ‘It's a bit like penalising a football team for the players' misbehaviour.’
      • ‘He's penalising players for all sorts of minor infractions and generally doing his best to ruin what started out as a promising game.’
      • ‘But if a team is penalized on the ensuing kickoff, maybe the players involved will think twice about hip-hopping in the end zone as if auditioning for a rock show.’
      • ‘The ultimate aim is that it is going to penalise teams who do not play by the rules.’
      • ‘Sometimes, it is evident that a referee has misjudged the position of players and unduly penalised one of the teams, but why does this happen?’
      • ‘If the ball strikes the flagstick, the player is penalized two strokes (loss of hole in match play) and the ball is played as it lies.’
      • ‘In addition, the offending team is penalised 52 points.’
      • ‘In fact, this is the fourth straight year players have been penalized for more false starts.’
      • ‘The offending player is automatically penalized with one strike and no points for the round, and the round is declared void.’
      • ‘However, penalized players must continue to finish the hand as if they did not renege.’
      • ‘In union, video evidence can also be used to cite a player for misconduct, or for the committee to consider penalising a player after the game.’
      punish, discipline, inflict a penalty on, exact a penalty from, deal with, mete out punishment to, sentence, impose a sentence on, chastise, castigate, correct, chasten
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    2. 1.2Law Make or declare (an act or offence) legally punishable.
      ‘section twenty penalizes possession of a firearm when trespassing’
      • ‘It discharges this function in many cases, but in many others it remains silent, merely enacting a provision which appears to penalize an act or an omission without any reference to fault.’
      • ‘If there is a reason for treating the two categories of entrant differently it must be in order to penalise the trespasser's wrongdoing.’
      • ‘The statutory objective is to penalise the unauthorised possession of dangerous or otherwise harmful drugs.’
      • ‘This duty of a commanding officer has heretofore been recognized, and its breach penalized by our own military tribunals.’
      • ‘For instance, some courts have used this approach to subject laws penalizing same-sex relationships to a heightened scrutiny - such as a law prohibiting the issuance of a marriage license to two people of the same sex.’
      prohibit, forbid, ban, outlaw, bar, veto, embargo, declare something a punishable offence, make something punishable, make illegal, disallow, proscribe, interdict
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  • 2Put at an unfair disadvantage.

    ‘if the bill is not amended genuine claimants will be penalized’
    • ‘I believe it is unfair to penalise parents who miss the payment of this allowance due to this.’
    • ‘Although a child can be thrown out of a school if false information has been used, most councils said they would not consider this as it was unfair to penalise pupils for their parents' wrongdoing.’
    • ‘All of them have the disadvantage of penalizing the investor for selling the fund, even years after purchase.’
    • ‘He claims it's unfair that businesses should be penalised for the actions of irresponsible customers and members of the public and has called for the law to be changed.’
    • ‘It is demeaning to be wholly dependent on others, and unfair that temporary disability is penalised.’
    • ‘If no such notice in given, the claimant can be penalised in terms of costs.’
    • ‘Introducing the value of farmland into the assessment process would unfairly and severely penalize farm families, whose farmland land bears little relationship to its earning potential.’
    • ‘The motor industry and opposition parties have described the 12% increase in motor tax as a devious measure which unfairly penalises drivers.’
    • ‘The fines have already caused a backlash among some residents who fear they will be unfairly penalised for leaving their rubbish out for collection.’
    • ‘Some felt coursework penalised boys, especially those from socially disadvantaged backgrounds.’
    • ‘Previous reports had shown the British haulage industry was unfairly penalised.’
    • ‘It says this unfairly penalises fans of big clubs, who are charged more.’
    • ‘This means that a privatised health care system would unfairly penalise women.’
    • ‘There will still be a lot of people penalised by the unfairness of the council tax.’
    • ‘Others simply whined that though their site contained commercial material, it also contains valuable content and was unfairly penalized.’
    • ‘Just as you must be diligent in increasing your link popularity and your ranking, you must be equally diligent to avoid being unfairly penalized.’
    • ‘Physicians and hospitals fear the practice could unfairly penalize practitioners and say there's no way to benchmark quality accurately.’
    • ‘The Body Mass Index, it now turns out, is a useless indicator of healthy weight, since it unfairly penalises women for their natural pear-shape.’
    • ‘The institute added that the move could result in low workforce morale and high turnover rates if it led to genuinely sick employees believing they were being penalised unfairly.’
    • ‘But owners pleaded that they built ships to the standards applicable at the time of construction, and that their early demise would penalise them unfairly.’
    handicap, inflict a handicap on, unfairly disadvantage, put at an unfair disadvantage, put in an unfavourable position, cause to suffer, put a stumbling block in the way of, put a hindrance in the way of, put a impediment in the way of
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