Meaning of peregrine in English:


(also peregrine falcon)

Pronunciation /ˈpɛrɪɡrɪn/

Translate peregrine into Spanish


  • A powerful falcon found on most continents, breeding chiefly on mountains and coastal cliffs and much used for falconry.

    Falco peregrinus, family Falconidae

    ‘Boasting buzzards, merlins, kestrels, peregrines, and ospreys, the county has ten of a total UK species of 15-making it one of the nation's key habitats.’
    • ‘And there are more raptors about: falcons, peregrines, sparrowhawks.’
    • ‘Raptors - particularly buzzards, sparrowhawks and peregrines - are in abundance in the Scottish countryside.’
    • ‘Usually early migrants, the first ouzel's song echoes round the hills and the first birds fall prey to merlins and peregrines.’
    • ‘Under the Wildlife and Countryside Act, anyone who destroys or disturbs eggs, chicks or nests of birds such as goshawks and peregrines faces up to six months in jail and/or a fine of up to £5,000.’
    • ‘I've owned an American kestrel and a Harris hawk, and I exercised the peregrines at the sanctuary.’
    • ‘As soon as Jeff and I discovered that, the conversation quickly left talk of ivory-bills and on to the exciting flights of peregrines and Cooper's hawks.’
    • ‘Young, captive peregrines from the far north have been experimentally released in suitable eastern habitats, even on high, cliff-like city buildings, and fed until able to hunt for themselves.’
    • ‘The fastest bird in the world and the largest native hawk in the UK, peregrines continue to suffer illegal human persecution despite their protected status.’
    • ‘In the past gamekeepers declared war on creatures they called ‘vermin’ - stoats, weasels and birds of prey such as harriers and peregrines, which were thought to prey on grouse.’
    • ‘In 1999 peregrines were removed from the Endangered Species List.’
    • ‘By 1970, fewer than 40 breeding pairs of peregrines were known and the bald eagle seemed set to follow.’
    • ‘During this time, we collected 153 eggs, 87 from American peregrines and 66 from Arctic peregrines.’
    • ‘Density of the breeding population did not affect dispersal distance of peregrines.’
    • ‘Observers recorded the presence of adult peregrines and attempted to classify individuals by sex at cliffs occupied by lone adults.’
    • ‘‘There was a lot of anger in the area when someone killed those chicks - peregrines are rare and beautiful birds, protected by the Wildlife and Countryside Act,’ he said.’
    • ‘We were privileged to see minke whales, dolphins, otters and golden eagles, and I will never forget lying in the sun on Canna after lunch, watching three peregrines engaged in mock combat above while reliving my dive of that morning.’
    • ‘And 370 kilometres is much too fast - more like 330 or 340 kilometres per hour, and that's only on silver peregrines.’
    • ‘The peregrines will be shown on Thursday at 3pm.’
    • ‘We trust his spirit soars with the peregrines he so loved.’


  • Coming from another country; foreign or outlandish.

    • ‘peregrine species of grass’
    travelling, transportable, transferable, portable, movable, locomotive, manoeuvrable


Late Middle English from Latin peregrinus ‘foreign’, from peregre ‘abroad’, from per- ‘through’ + ager ‘field’. The falcon's name is a translation of the modern Latin taxonomic name, literally ‘pilgrim falcon’, because falconers' birds were caught fully grown on migration, not taken from the nest.