Meaning of performative in English:


Pronunciation /pəˈfɔːmətɪv/


  • 1Relating to or of the nature of dramatic or artistic performance.

    ‘films which push past the limits of current performative trends’
    • ‘teaching is a performative act’
    • ‘Exhibition spaces are increasingly transforming into performative spaces.’
    • ‘Artistic authorship itself, which emerged in the early fifteenth century as a purely performative mode, later learned to manipulate substitution.’
    • ‘Largely visual and performative, her work always includes her own body in a humorous and engaging way.’
    • ‘The performative nature of this piece carried through to other nearby works.’
    • ‘Performative events were also scripted into the mix.’
    1. 1.1Characterized by the performance of a social or cultural role.
      ‘many feminist theorists have come to stress the contextual and performative aspects of gender’
      • ‘Since the 1970s, poststructuralism, psychoanalysis, and gender studies have contributed important models for exploring fashion as a cultural and performative expression of the female subject.’
      • ‘You'll find the fundamentals of Butler's argument that gender is performative.’
      • ‘Gender is seen as a “performative ritualized practice”.’
      • ‘While Butler includes race as performative, other scholars have extended the discussion to include the mundane actions that cement one's racial identity.’
      • ‘These two authors drew attention to the performative nature of societies.’
    2. 1.2Linguistics Philosophy Relating to or denoting an utterance by means of which the speaker performs a particular act (e.g. I bet, I apologize, I promise).
      Often contrasted with constative
      ‘Rather, these are performative utterances, which do not so much say something as do something.’
      • ‘He thinks performative sentences do not have truth conditions because they do not describe or report anything.’
      • ‘But if literary language is performative and if a performative utterance is not true or false but felicitous or infelicitous, what does it mean for a literary utterance to be felicitous or infelicitous?’
      • ‘The poetic medium Poetry need not be written: early poetry was oral, transmitted and preserved through the mnemonic and performative skills of bards with no awareness of script or print.’
      • ‘Yeah, I think we get bogged down in ‘I love you’ as performative utterance.’


  • A performative utterance.

    ‘here statements are not descriptive utterances but performatives’
    • ‘Performative utterances, or performatives, are not true or false and actually perform the action to which they refer.’
    • ‘Such speech acts, called performatives, cannot be said to be true or false.’
    • ‘Illocutionary acts, in addition to covering such explicit performatives as promising, also include statements.’
    • ‘At the core of speech act theory are explicit and implicit performatives, sentences that ‘are not used just to say things, i.e. describe states of affairs, but rather actively to do things.’’
    • ‘Promises, like most performatives, are seductions; that's their appeal and their limit.’