Meaning of phanerogam in English:


Pronunciation /ˈfan(ə)rə(ʊ)ɡam/


old-fashioned term for spermatophyte
‘Plants with flowers and leaves (phanerogams and Latifoliae) appeared no earlier than the Cretaceous - in other words about 100 million years ago, long after the first protophasmids.’
  • ‘Unlike phanerogams, which undergo long-range dispersal by seeds (seed plants) or spores (ferns and mosses), lichens have two fundamentally different mechanisms of long-range dispersal.’
  • ‘It is known that, among the four spontaneous phanerogams colonising the sandy and muddy loose sea-bottoms of the Mediterranean Sea, i.e. Posidonia oceanica, Cymodocea nodosa, Zostera noltii and Zostera marina, mainly the Posidonia and the Cymodocea are the most frequent ones.’


Mid 19th century from French phanérogame, from Greek phaneros ‘visible’ + gamos ‘marriage’.