1Wisdom personified. Now rare (historical in later use).
Practical understanding; wisdom, prudence; sound judgement.
Early 16th century; earliest use found in John Skelton (c1460–1529), poet. From classical Latin phronēsis wisdom, in post-classical Latin also wisdom personified from ancient Greek ϕρόνησις thought, sense, judgement, practical wisdom, prudence from ϕρονεῖν to think, to have understanding, to be wise, prudent (from an ablaut variant of the base of ϕρεν-, ϕρήν mind) + -σις.