Meaning of pituitary in English:


(also pituitary gland, pituitary body)

Pronunciation /pɪˈtjuːɪt(ə)ri/

Translate pituitary into Spanish


  • The major endocrine gland, a pea-sized body attached to the base of the brain that is important in controlling growth and development and the functioning of the other endocrine glands.

    Also called hypophysis

    ‘This hormone stimulates the pituitary, another endocrine gland near the brain, to secrete adrenocorticotropic hormone.’
    • ‘Tadpole pituitaries secrete thyroid-stimulating hormone in response to CRH.’
    • ‘The pituitary is a pea-sized gland situated near the base of the skull.’
    • ‘Anterior pituitaries were harvested at slaughter, and the reverse plaque assay was used to examine the composition of the acidophils.’
    • ‘Isolated pituitaries were enriched for lactotrophs as described.’
    • ‘Acquired forms of growth hormone deficiency include tumors of the pituitary, hypothalamus and optic nerve.’
    • ‘Its expression appears to be limited, however, to the anterior pituitary in the adult brain.’
    • ‘It was accomplished through genetic engineering by specific modification of the pituitary and thyroid glands and reduced insulin production.’
    • ‘Erdheim-Chester disease may involve the pituitary, causing diabetes insipidus and other endocrine abnormalities.’
    • ‘The pituitary is called the ‘master gland’ because it controls the entire endocrine system.’
    • ‘The majority of cases are caused by a somatotroph adenoma of the anterior pituitary, and most are confined to the sella.’
    • ‘The pituitary, in turn, tells the fetal adrenal gland to secrete more cortisol.’
    • ‘External beam radiation was delivered to the pituitary / suprasellar region.’
    • ‘Consequently, the pituitary receptors would be preserved, and the pituitary would erroneously sense that the thyroid status in the periphery is normal.’
    • ‘However, it does seat the adenohypophysis, also known as the anterior lobe of the pituitary.’
    • ‘The onset of puberty is normally triggered by the hypothalamus (the area of the brain that helps control pituitary gland function).’
    • ‘In addition, the pituitary secretes hormones that signal the ovaries and testes to make sex hormones.’
    • ‘LH is secreted by the pituitary glands in response to negative feedback from Testosterone.’
    • ‘People with this condition may also have abnormalities of the brain and pituitary gland.’
    • ‘A damaged or malfunctioning pituitary gland may not produce enough hormones for normal growth.’


  • Relating to the pituitary gland.

    ‘Common nervous system manifestations include facial palsies, and hypothalamic and pituitary lesions.’
    • ‘The cytologic and architectural features of these tumors are reminiscent of those of the normal posterior pituitary lobe.’
    • ‘The basisphenoid bears a deep, central depression at this point called the sella turcica or pituitary fossa.’
    • ‘Adrenal and pituitary integrity must be established.’
    • ‘Later, he turned to an intracranial approach for pituitary tumors.’
    • ‘Hypothyroidism can also develop secondary to hypothalamic and pituitary disorders.’
    • ‘Current treatment options for pituitary tumors will be discussed and appropriate interventions recommended.’
    • ‘Horses with pituitary tumors have a tendency to get secondary infections.’
    • ‘Sometimes pituitary tumors can produce excess amounts of hormones.’
    • ‘Furthermore, no pigmented pituitary adenomas, to our knowledge, have been reported.’
    • ‘Pituitary adenomas exhibited intense diffuse cytoplasmic reactivity.’
    • ‘The pituitary hormones are carried via the systemic circulation to target tissues throughout the body.’
    • ‘Pituitary growth hormone is the other hormone involved in bone growth.’
    • ‘People with this disease develop parathyroid, pancreas, and anterior pituitary tumors.’
    • ‘Five out of six females developed pituitary tumors, but none of nine males did.’
    • ‘But he said it was the pituitary tumour that had killed her in June.’
    • ‘A more complex system is seen in the control of pituitary hormone secretion.’
    • ‘Patients who have recently had major surgery are at increased risk of pituitary apoplexy.’
    • ‘We present two cases of pituitary apoplexy and visual loss after major surgery.’
    • ‘A skull radiograph did not show a fracture, but he had a coincidental expanded pituitary fossa.’


Early 17th century from Latin pituitarius ‘secreting phlegm’, from pituita ‘phlegm’.