Meaning of plaintiff in English:


Pronunciation /ˈpleɪntɪf/

Translate plaintiff into Spanish


  • A person who brings a case against another in a court of law.

    Compare with defendant

    ‘the plaintiff commenced an action for damages’
    • ‘The defendants negligently told the plaintiffs that X was much wealthier than in fact he was.’
    • ‘The plaintiffs sued the defendant alleging that he had been negligent in a number of ways.’
    • ‘Several years later the plaintiff gave the defendant notice to quit under the lease agreement.’
    • ‘Three defendants were each found liable to the plaintiff in a personal injuries case.’
    • ‘The plaintiffs engaged the defendants as their solicitors to act for them.’
    litigator, opponent in law, opponent, contestant, contender, disputant, plaintiff, claimant, complainant, petitioner, appellant, respondent, party, interest, defendant, accused


In England and Wales the term plaintiff was officially replaced by claimant in 1999


Late Middle English from Old French plaintif ‘plaintive’ (used as a noun). The -f ending has come down through Law French; the word was originally the same as plaintive.