Meaning of polarization in English:


Pronunciation /pəʊlərʌɪˈzeɪʃ(ə)n/

Translate polarization into Spanish


(British polarisation)
mass noun
  • 1Division into two sharply contrasting groups or sets of opinions or beliefs.

    ‘the polarization of society between rich and poor’
    • ‘The result has been a growing polarization of incomes.’
    • ‘The main factor inhibiting the involvement of the public is the polarization of the debate.’
    • ‘For me, 2003 saw an increasing polarisation within the classical music world.’
    • ‘In such cases, polarization between family members may become a problem.’
    • ‘The policy led to increasing polarization of the society, causing the subjugated ethnic communities to despise the new order.’
    • ‘Such polarization usually means an artist has struck a chord.’
    • ‘The fact that monitoring is not directly verifiable to consumers probably has a lot to do with the polarization of disputes over credibility.’
    • ‘A modest economic recovery was staged, amid still decaying infrastructures and increasing social polarisation.’
    • ‘The presidential elections have already produced increasing public discussion about the growth of political polarization.’
    • ‘Traditional harmony among communities has been replaced by polarisation and widespread horror.’
  • 2Physics
    The action of restricting the vibrations of a transverse wave, especially light, wholly or partially to one direction.

    ‘changes in polarization of light passing through the atmosphere’
    • ‘The sunglasses 'measure' horizontal polarization when they block some of the light reflected from flat surfaces.’
    • ‘If the dust cloud or explosion is spherical and uniformly smooth, all orientations are equally represented and the net polarization is zero.’
    • ‘The polarization was likely due to the interaction of high-speed ejecta from the explosion.’
    • ‘The telescope in Chile was used to measure the polarization of light emitted by the supernova as it brightened and dimmed.’
    • ‘Light emitted along the longer axis shows a net excess of a particular polarization.’
    • ‘They analyzed the polarization of various parts of the supernova's spectrum, beginning immediately after its discovery in September 2001.’
    • ‘Vertical polarization in one component of a beam of light is cancelled if another component is polarized at right angles to it.’
    • ‘He saw that there were two populations with markedly different degrees of polarization.’
    • ‘With this type of supernova, there was no convincing evidence of any polarization—at best, less than 0.3 per cent polarization.’
    • ‘In principle, optical polarization changes can result from birefringence, dichroism, scattering, and also reflection.’
  • 3Physics
    The action of causing something to acquire polarity.

    ‘probes need to warm up to ensure proper polarization of the electrodes’
    • ‘the polarization of water molecules’
    • ‘The solvent and the electronic polarization of the protein are treated by a dielectric continuum model.’
    • ‘The protein polarization was dominated by atomic rearrangements.’
    • ‘The proposed mechanism for breakage of the actomyosin cortex may be used for cell polarization.’
    • ‘Excess nickel has a negative effect on plasma membrane polarization, ion uptake and translocation, cell mitotic activity, and carbon partitioning in roots.’
    • ‘This mechanism is likely to involve the polarization of key components and the localized breakdown of existing cell wall structure.’
    • ‘It is not well understood how these are coordinated with changes in morphology, such as cell movement, shape change, and polarization.’
    • ‘Linear polarization is critical for triggering chemical reactions or for studying the orientation of atoms and molecules when they are absorbed on a surface.’
    • ‘This quantity describes the state of order, such as the local magnetic polarization of a ferromagnet, as it develops at each point in the material.’
    • ‘The electrons that were produced in the decays were found to be emitted preferentially in the opposite direction to the polarization of the nucleus.’
    • ‘Like a magnet, the crystal retains the polarization when the field is turned off.’