Meaning of prefecture in English:


Pronunciation /ˈpriːfɛktʃ(ʊ)ə/

Translate prefecture into Spanish


  • 1(in certain countries) a district under the authority of a prefect or governor.

    ‘These might look ordinary trees, but they are in fact a very special present from the governor of the Nara prefecture in Japan.’
    • ‘In 1905 the islands were ‘incorporated’ into the Japanese Empire, when the Governor of Shimane prefecture stated that the islands were under the juristiction of the Shimane prefectural government.’
    • ‘There are forty-three ordinary prefectures, three metropolitan prefectures with special administrative powers, and one administrative region for the northernmost island.’
    • ‘Her inquiries included evidence being laid before the judge at first instance of correspondence between herself and appropriate medical authorities in the prefecture that included Salonika and her village and areas.’
    • ‘But first an application has to be made to the local prefecture (police authority) with a mountain of paperwork involved.’
    • ‘The island prefecture of Okinawa has the most centenarians per population, and the official attributed this to the subtropical climate.’
    • ‘China has five major autonomous regions, which include 30 autonomous prefectures and 120 autonomous counties.’
    • ‘Typhoon Khanun was located about 70 kilometers south of Miyako Island in the prefecture as of 3 p.m. Saturday and was heading northwest at 25 km per hour, the agency said.’
    • ‘The AM signal is heard throughout the island prefecture - and beyond.’
    • ‘The country is divided into 47 prefectures, each with a governor.’
    • ‘Of the country's (Japan's) 47 prefectures, 44 are net recipients of government subsidies.’
    • ‘Some roads were blocked off due to mudslides in Kochi Prefecture, and about 1200 houses in Kagawa and nearby prefectures on Shikoku were left without electricity, Kyodo News reported.’
    • ‘The Okinawa prefecture was in fact under direct U.S. military administration from 1945 to 1972, when it was handed over to the Japanese.’
    • ‘The quake was most strongly felt in Aomori and Iwate, the two farthest-north prefectures on Japan's main island of Honshu.’
    • ‘Nagano Prefecture was brought into the limelight with the successful 1998 Winter Olympics which were held at various locations in the prefecture.’
    • ‘One of his first tasks after buying a dilapidated farmhouse in the Chiba prefecture, about 60 miles east of Tokyo, was to build a huge wooden bathtub.’
    1. 1.1A prefect's office or tenure.
      ‘To avoid the name calling that a woman would probably receive at a horse fair, he got permission from the prefecture of police to dress in men's clothing.’
      • ‘The prefecture will stop using workshops for industrial production, and settlers in the General Building of the General Zhang Aiping will be relocated.’
    2. 1.2The official residence or headquarters of a prefect.
      ‘enraged fans besieged the Prefecture of Police’
      • ‘But even so France was left with a vast surplus of grand edifices, mainly ecclesiastical, that were empty and could be converted into the prefectures, town halls, museums, and barracks required by the new regime.’


Late Middle English from Latin praefectura, from praefectus ‘(person) set in authority over’ (see prefect).