Meaning of proximate in English:


Pronunciation /ˈprɒksɪmət/


  • 1(especially of the cause of something) closest in relationship; immediate.

    ‘the fact that a storm may show up the poor condition of a flat roof does not signify that storm was the proximate cause of damage to it’
    • ‘So, its causal relationship with the primary negligence is very proximate and most immediate, in our submission.’
    • ‘In theatre your contact with your audience is immediate and proximate.’
    • ‘One of the most useful distinctions to be drawn between the various causes of war is between ‘immediate’, proximate causes and ‘underlying’, more fundamental causes.’
    • ‘A duty of care will exist where there is a proximate relationship between the injured person and a person or an entity that should have foreseen the reasonable possibility of injury.’
    • ‘For a moment let us observe that instrumental music, when used in the public worship service, is for the immediate and proximate accompaniment of congregational singing.’
    nearest, near, close, closest, next-door
    1. 1.1Closest in space or time.
      ‘the failure of the proximate military power to lend assistance’
      • ‘The trailing end has a height greater than the maximum height of the disc space forming a flanged portion adapted to overlie a part of the anterior aspects of the vertebral bodies adjacent and proximate the disc space to be fused.’
      • ‘In each of 8 areas downwind and proximate to closed nuclear power plants, infant deaths declined in excess of national trends during the first 2 yr following shutdown.’
      • ‘Japan's geostrategic location made it a vital link in a global chain of maritime power that depended critically on nuclear weapons to counter overwhelming Soviet proximate power in Europe.’
      • ‘In that case a distance of one-and-a-half miles, which could have been covered in less than five minutes by car, was held to be sufficiently proximate to allow powers to prevent a breach of the peace to be used.’
      • ‘All of the men we interviewed lived in areas that are proximate to the U.S., with regular access to American media (TV, radio, magazines).’
      near, adjacent, in close proximity, close at hand, near at hand
  • 2Nearly accurate; approximate.

    • ‘he would try to change her speech into proximate ladylikeness’
    adjoining, neighbouring, neighbouring on, next door to, abutting, close to, near to, next to, by, close by, by the side of, bordering, bordering on, beside, alongside, abreast of, contiguous with, proximate to, attached to, touching, joining


Late 16th century from Latin proximatus ‘drawn near’, past participle of proximare, from proximus ‘nearest’.