1A native or inhabitant of Qataban, an ancient kingdom of the southern Arabian peninsula.
2The Semitic language of Qataban.
Of or relating to Qataban or its language.
Early 19th century. Originally from Catabania, the name of an ancient kingdom in southern Arabia (post-classical Latin Catabania; from Hellenistic Greek Κατταβανία (Strabo); compare Hellenistic Greek Κιτίβαινα (Theophrastus)) + -an; subsequently from Qataban (Arabic Qaṭabān), the name of this kingdom + -ian.