Meaning of retrovirus in English:


Pronunciation /ˈrɛtrəʊˌvʌɪrəs/

Translate retrovirus into Spanish


  • Any of a family of RNA viruses that have an enzyme (reverse transcriptase) capable of making a complementary DNA copy of the viral RNA, which then is integrated into a host cell’s DNA. The family includes a number of significant pathogens, typically causing tumours or affecting the function of the immune system, e.g. HIV.

    ‘As a vehicle for gene therapy, the retrovirus is modified so that it cannot produce infectious virus after entering the cell.’
    • ‘Thus far, adenoviruses and retroviruses are the two families of viruses that have been used in the majority of clinical trials.’
    • ‘All retroviruses are similar, and our genome is full of dormant retroviruses - over 2 percent of the genome is retroviral.’
    • ‘HIV is an RNA virus (ie, it carries its genetic code in the form of RNA) and falls under the family of retroviruses.’
    • ‘I'm not talking about a vaccine, which most scientists consider a pipe dream against a diverse and constantly mutating retrovirus like HIV.’


1970s modern Latin, from the initial letters of reverse transcriptase+ virus.