More fully "Richmond birdwing butterfly". A birdwing butterfly, Ornithoptera richmondia, the male of which has black and iridescent green wings, native to parts of eastern Australia.
Sometimes regarded as a subspecies of the variable O. priamus, the Richmond birdwing is now considered to be threatened.
1980s. From Richmond, the name of a river and mountain range in north-eastern New South Wales + birdwing, probably after the subspecific name in scientific Latin Papilio (Ornithoptera) richmondia.