Meaning of sarcophagus in English:


Pronunciation /sɑːˈkɒfəɡəs/

Translate sarcophagus into Spanish

nounplural noun sarcophagi/sɑːˈkɒfəɡʌɪ/ /sɑːˈkɒfədʒʌɪ/

  • A stone coffin, typically adorned with a sculpture or inscription and associated with the ancient civilizations of Egypt, Rome, and Greece.

    ‘it was decided that a stone sarcophagus - not previously used for kings - should be installed.’
    • ‘The centre of the room is now occupied by the quartzite sarcophagus containing the outermost coffin.’
    • ‘One day, you're bouncing on top of a camel and climbing inside the Great Pyramid to eye the stone sarcophagus of Pharaoh Cheops.’
    • ‘A great lord was buried in a sarcophagus: the body was in a coffin, which in turn was in a larger stone casing that was usually decorated.’
    • ‘Some of the mummies were wrapped in linen and encased in sealed coffins and stone sarcophagi.’
    • ‘Charlemagne too fitted out his new capital with monuments constructed with spolia from Rome and Ravenna; his own tomb was an ancient sarcophagus.’
    • ‘The crypt of the Romanesque-Gothic transitional Basilique Saint-Paul, which contains several Roman sarcophagi, is considered to have been the mausoleum of a wealthy family.’
    • ‘The sarcophagus is also oriented to the compass directions, and is only 1 cm smaller in dimensions than the chamber entrance.’
    • ‘He was buried in a sarcophagus in front of the Cairo Museum.’
    • ‘There are building stones for temples and pyramids; ornamental stones for vessels, stelae, sarcophagi, statues and other sculptures; and precious stones for jewelry.’
    • ‘Massive stone tombs and carved sarcophagi were visible through the foggy moonlight.’
    • ‘During her studies she worked with the British Museum examining the paints used on the sarcophagus of an Egyptian mummy to find out how the ancients had created a new colour.’
    • ‘Then, during excavations on the rue Descartes in 1909, three sarcophagi from the ancient Merovingian cemetery were found, two of adult size and one of child size.’
    • ‘The team first removed the stone lid from his sarcophagus.’
    • ‘In the burial chamber, a nest of four golden shrines, each sitting within the other, are removed, to reveal a stone sarcophagus.’
    • ‘The stone sarcophagus is carefully lifted from its resting place in Mill Mount, York.’
    • ‘Used for storage and for seating, cassoni were patterned after ancient Roman sarcophagi, which were much appreciated in the Renaissance when there was a renewed interest in classical antiquity.’
    • ‘At a casual glance it might seem just another book about sarcophagi, another archaeological survey of tombs, funerary ritual, and the care of corpses.’
    • ‘At the British Museum, children rushed to gather around the grave sites, mummies and sarcophagi, literally screaming with excitement, and determinedly fell to sketching these fascinating artefacts.’
    • ‘He accused the team of being unethical in implementing their forensic examination, as well as disregarding the use of scientific procedures while removing the fragile mummy from its golden sarcophagus.’


Late Middle English via Latin from Greek sarkophagos ‘flesh-consuming’, from sarx, sark- ‘flesh’ + -phagos ‘-eating’.