A short text reputed to have been included in the Qur'an at the suggestion of Satan rather than by divine inspiration when Muhammad was uttering authentic verses.
The text consists of six Arabic words referring to the intercessionary powers of three pagan goddesses. Islamic scholarship has long regarded narratives of the inclusion as unsubstantiated. The term became widely known with the controversy surrounding Salman Rushdie's novel and the subsequent fatwa calling for him to be killed, issued by Ayatollah Khomeini in 1989.
Mid 19th century.