A carpet or floor rug made of coloured cotton, now usually with a striped pattern.
Early 17th century; earliest use found in William Foster (b. 1591), Church of England clergyman and writer. From Urdu šaṭranjī (also with initial/s/ in colloquial pronunciation) kind of rug or bed cover printed with a chequered pattern from Persian šaṭranjī item with a chequered pattern, chequered fabric used e.g. for bed covers, use as noun of šaṭranjī chequered from šaṭranj (also šiṭranj; alteration (after Arabic) of šatrang) + -ī, suffix forming adjectives.