Meaning of Seleucid in English:


Pronunciation /sɪˈluːsɪd/


  • Relating to or denoting a dynasty ruling over Syria and a great part of western Asia from 312 to 64 BC. Its capital was at Antioch.

    ‘He sought actively to reconsolidate the remaining huge Seleucid empire, from Cilicia and Syria eastwards, after the Peace of Apamea had precluded the Seleucids from their possessions north of the Taurus mountain range.’
    • ‘This influence remained even after Alexander's death during a period of Egyptian rule and subsequently under the Seleucid kings from Syria, who took actions to undermine Jewish customs and enforce the worship of Greek gods.’
    • ‘After eleven days of skirmishing and manoeuvre, in which the Romans gradually moved closer to the Seleucid camp, Antiochus was forced to fight.’
    • ‘It's not until 142 BCE, during the reign of Seleucid monarch Demitrius, that the Greeks finally have enough of the fighting and sign a peace treaty with Simon, the last survivor of the five sons of Mattathias.’
    • ‘He may well have been seething with resentment against Seleucid rule throughout his life, but the evidence suggests that he was prepared to accept it, so long as the authorities did not interfere with Jewish practices.’
    • ‘Yet many of the people in the countryside, burdened by Seleucid taxes that expropriated more of their wealth, found the Hellenists' narcissistic fascination with their own power repugnant.’
    • ‘Whether this is the right place for his scholarly discussion of the influence of Seleucid predecessors on Agrippa's temple is debatable.’
    • ‘This work describes the Judean uprisings against the Seleucid dynasty and its imperial pretensions in the second century BCE.’
    • ‘Yochanan and his five sons began a rebellion in Modiin, first against their Hellenist co-religionists and afterwards against the Seleucid empire itself.’
    • ‘Chapter 11 of Daniel has been a detailed review of the ongoing oppression of the Jews by the Seleucid Greeks told as if a prophecy of the future.’
    • ‘The Seleucid Empire remained intact and independent until it was taken over by the Romans in 190 BC.’
    • ‘Having defeated the Seleucid Greek invaders, the triumphant Jews entered the Sanctuary.’


  • A member of the Seleucid dynasty.

    ‘Probably in 144-3 he headed an embassy to the kings and cities of the east, perhaps even as far as the territory contested between Parthians and Seleucids, with Panaetius as his personal companion.’
    • ‘Although honorific epithets were commonplace for the Seleucids and Ptolemies, the nicknames of all other members of the Antigonid family were either uncertain or insulting.’
    • ‘They recognized that they, by dividing the Fertile Crescent against the Seleucids and later the Romans, were able to control the trade routes between Asia and the Greco-Roman world.’
    • ‘The Hellenistic period unfolded generally as a story of successive kingdoms and empires (Ptolemies, Seleucids, Hasmoneans, Romans).’
    • ‘Paul, as a native of Asia Minor, would have been familiar with the Hellenistic colony-cities of Judean mercenaries founded by the Seleucids to control the local inhabitants.’


From Seleucus Nicator (the founder, one of Alexander the Great's generals) + -id.