Meaning of Seven Brethren in English:

Seven Brethren

noun

rare
  • (With the) the seven sons of St Felicitas, martyred along with their mother in Rome c.165, whose feast day is 10 July; also called Seven Holy Brothers.

    The Seven Brethren of this legend are often associated with the seven Maccabean brothers put to death with their mother c.168 b.c. by Antiochus IV of the Seleucid Empire.

Origin

Late 15th century; earliest use found in John Lydgate (c1370–c1449), poet and prior of Hatfield Regis.