Meaning of shigella in English:


Pronunciation /ʃɪˈɡɛlə/

nounplural noun shigella, plural noun shigellae

  • A bacterium that is an intestinal pathogen of humans and other primates, some kinds of which cause dysentery.

    Genus Shigella; Gram-negative rods

    ‘There are no pus cells in the stool, thereby ruling out a bacterial diarrhea like shigella dysentery.’
    • ‘The researchers found that shigella, the bacteria causing dysentery uses a Type III secretion system to inject proteins into human cells.’
    • ‘One reason is that some microbes - in particular, a bacterium called shigella - appear to form a sticky ‘biofilm,’ like dental plaque, that is difficult to remove.’
    • ‘Illnesses caused by salmonella, shigella, E. coli, and vibrio bacteria can cause severe diarrhea and vomiting, both of which would lead to further dehydration.’
    • ‘Direct inoculation of culture plates at the bedside is the most efficient means of isolating shigella from the dysentery patients.’


Modern Latin, from the name of Kiyoshi Shiga (1870–1957), Japanese bacteriologist, + the diminutive suffix -ella.