Meaning of shiitake in English:


(also shitake, shiitake mushroom)

Pronunciation /ʃɪˈtɑːkeɪ/ /ʃiːˈtɑːkeɪ/


  • An edible mushroom which grows on fallen timber, cultivated in Japan and China.

    Lentinus edodes, family Pleurotaceae, class Hymenomycetes

    ‘Then add the cup mushrooms to the paprika purée, the shiitakes to the coriander and mint, and finally the portabella mushrooms to the plain purée.’
    • ‘In the name shiitake, take means mushroom and shii is the name of one of the various Japanese trees whose dead wood serves as host to the mushrooms.’
    • ‘If you really can't get wild mushrooms, use a mixture of Portobello, a large flat field mushroom, a few shitake mushrooms and some of the brown chestnut variety.’
    • ‘They made stocks, and this is still practiced, with dried shiitakes, dried soybeans, and dried seaweed.’
    • ‘I had button mushrooms, shitake, chanterelle, brown mushrooms and probably others that I don't even know.’
    • ‘Sam steamed baby bok choy with shiitakes, tofu, and scallops, and Teresa brought crusty bread and a terrific green salad with walnuts, Spanish blue, and apples from her yard.’
    • ‘Fillet of beef with a chive and mustard crust on a stir-fry of savoy cabbage, shitake mushrooms and smoky bacon, herb potatoes, and toast carrots with a sun-dried tomato, basil sauce.’
    • ‘Try shredded pak choi, sliced shitake mushrooms, a handful of beansprouts, sliced mangetouts, cooked egg noodles and fresh crab meat.’
    • ‘Still, their clear brown broth - lemongrass-infused bonito stock and miso, laced with kombu, pea shoots and shiitakes - is deliciously complex.’
    • ‘They offer inexpensive spring and fall seminars to provide information on growing shiitakes.’
    • ‘For shiitakes and oysters, remove the entire fibrous stem.’
    • ‘Fill the hollowed tofu with the shrimp, squid, uni, and shiitakes.’
    • ‘The pork came rolled with those little brown Japanese shitake mushrooms, pak choi and a sweep of plum sauce.’
    • ‘Beef stroganoff offers up fork-cuttably tender slices of filet mignon topped with shiitakes and shallots in a rich veal stock thickened with whole grain mustard and sour cream.’
    • ‘Four types of mushroom - oyster, portabella, cup and shiitake - each coated in a different flavoured yoghurt dip, run on to a skewer and cooked in the tandoor oven.’
    • ‘Heat the wok, add a teaspoon of oil, add the chicken, shiitake mushroom, chives and spring onion, and lightly stir-fry for a minute.’
    • ‘Then the shitake mushrooms are meant to be sliced and placed on top of the wholemeal bread together with cheddar cheese for a great homemade swiss-mushroom treat.’
    • ‘Next came a shitake mushroom risotto with melted foie gras, a bit of plantain and shaved truffle, and a dusting of porcini mushroom.’
    • ‘Portobellos, criminis, and shiitakes are showing up at even the most mainstream of markets, and mushrooms of all sorts are proudly featured in very basic dishes and restaurants.’
    • ‘Other mushrooms with similar effects include shiitake, portobello, and crimini.’


Late 19th century from Japanese, from shii, denoting a kind of oak, + take ‘mushroom’.