Meaning of should in English:


Pronunciation /ʃʊd/

Translate should into Spanish

modal verbshould

  • 1Used to indicate obligation, duty, or correctness, typically when criticizing someone's actions.

    ‘he should have been careful’
    • ‘I think we should trust our people more’
    • ‘you shouldn't have gone’
    • ‘They should make it their duty to make everything as simple and straightforward for you as possible.’
    • ‘When a person enters the army, they have to swear an oath, and they should fulfil their obligation.’
    • ‘At the very least the council should assume a duty of care to all the kids using this scheme.’
    • ‘We should never drink on duty at all and never ever use drugs of any kind.’
    • ‘Prisoners who are not suitable for open conditions should not be moved there.’
    • ‘People with urgent conditions should not be left on trolleys in accident and emergency.’
    • ‘Working conditions should surely be the same for everyone and not just a chosen few.’
    • ‘He said if any of his relatives has done wrong, he should suffer the consequences.’
    • ‘The council has taken this upon itself to install the cameras, and should pay the consequences.’
    • ‘If they commit crimes they should face the consequences as an adult offender.’
    • ‘There is no single best way to reflect on your practice, but we should all spend some time doing it.’
    • ‘The writers should have spent more time and effort adapting the story to a modern setting.’
    • ‘In future, any player who misses a drug test should be banned for the two-year maximum period.’
    • ‘I've broken the speed limit, parked where I shouldn't, driven with a rear light out, and so on.’
    • ‘I could kick myself for doing what I knew I shouldn't and being too stupidly soft.’
    • ‘I was trying to overtake people in places that I shouldn't, and that got me in trouble.’
    ought to, should
    1. 1.1Indicating a desirable or expected state.
      ‘by now pupils should be able to read with a large degree of independence’
      • ‘You would think that people with this distressing condition should not be in jail at all.’
      • ‘He believed there should be a stamp duty or tax on a second seller of rezoned land.’
      • ‘One of the features of the new mood is that religion should be effective in the marketplace.’
      • ‘Most of all, hosting an event should be part of a long-term strategy for both its host city and country.’
      • ‘The relationship between patients and their family doctor should be built on trust and honesty.’
      • ‘Of course Turkey should be allowed to join if they have met the conditions of membership.’
      • ‘After that, students should be able to do a systematic examination of cranial nerves.’
      • ‘The crucial question is how health professionals should carry out their duties of care.’
      • ‘It's understandable that such an event should be turned into a commercial disc.’
      • ‘Mrs West said the Trust should encourage existing health care assistants to train as nurses.’
      • ‘Indeed, in neutral monetary conditions it should work rather like an interest rate rise.’
      • ‘Lord Lloyd also said he could see no reason why the condition should not be labelled Gulf War Syndrome.’
      • ‘He has genuine pace, hits the deck hard and the conditions in Australia should suit his type of bowling.’
      • ‘This meant the pupils should be able to share in the planning of their school life, he said.’
      • ‘It might be argued that liability should not be conditional on such a finding.’
      • ‘When consumers buy software, of course they should be able to expect that it will work.’
      • ‘This is an important occasion for the parish and all who wish to attend should be able to do so.’
      • ‘Is it too much to expect that Otley should get a fair share of the roads budget?’
      • ‘Politicians should be able to go about the work we expect of them without a lawyer waiting on the end of a phone.’
      should, ought, need, must
    2. 1.2Used to give or ask advice or suggestions.
      ‘you should go back to bed’
      • ‘what should I wear?’
      • ‘One woman on a recent programme suggested that everyone should wear British clothes.’
      • ‘Official advice is that men should not drink more than three to four units a day, and women no more than two to three daily.’
      • ‘Once you know where you are going to travel, you should seek medical advice.’
      • ‘One tip she liked a lot is the suggestion that you should only wash the dishes once a day.’
      • ‘So what advice should we offer to young people considering or currently in higher education?’
      • ‘Pregnant women and those with a serious egg allergy should seek further advice.’
      • ‘He rejects any suggestion that he should have acted differently when Alli came calling.’
      • ‘I did not favour the suggestion that documents should be faxed to the court that afternoon.’
      • ‘The problem has been accentuated by the advice that babies should be put to sleep on their backs.’
      • ‘Medical advice should be sought for any animal bite, and a tetanus injection given.’
      • ‘What do you think of the suggestions that there should be a united Irish football team?’
      • ‘Our advice is that they should be so, so careful when using their mobile phones.’
      • ‘We should listen to expert advice, but to slavishly follow it on every occasion defies logic.’
      • ‘His family thought he should have psychiatric tests but he and his wife disagreed.’
      • ‘The company's small fan base is in celebratory mood but the champagne should be kept on ice.’
      • ‘Ponting said that Australia should be rearing players who can play under any conditions.’
      • ‘You should choose pictures that are in good condition and always buy works you would like to live with.’
      • ‘She said though the race was a women-only event, men should not be afraid to offer to lend a helping hand.’
      • ‘As a general rule, no more than a fiver a throw is what you should be spending on barbecue wines.’
      • ‘As a rule of thumb, you should not expect to lose more than about 2lb over seven days.’
      • ‘Moulin Rouge is everything everyone has said it is, so if you haven't seen it then you probably should.’
      • ‘If you plan to lose a lot of weight, you should probably see a doctor before you start.’
      • ‘Do I tell her or should I just accept it as an endearing part of her character?’
    3. 1.3I shouldUsed to give advice.
      ‘I should hold out if I were you’
      • ‘I shouldn't worry if I were you.’
      • ‘I should dress warmly if I were you.’
  • 2Used to indicate what is probable.

    ‘£348 m should be enough to buy him out’
    • ‘the bus should arrive in a few minutes’
    • ‘All these factors should be enough to gain Magee victory, probably on points.’
    • ‘The yellow bus scheme should alleviate any worries parents have about public transport.’
    • ‘Having won in Katowice, England should be good enough to do it again at home.’
    • ‘That should provide him with enough potential material for the next bestseller.’
    • ‘One more intervention from each should be enough to ensure a meeting in Paris.’
    • ‘Events should move swiftly now, with an inquest being opened and adjourned by the end of next week.’
    • ‘The next few events should also favour the Scot but he needs to make no mistakes if he is to capitalise on his advantage.’
    • ‘In its glory days of the past, it was a great event and should prove as popular as ever again this year.’
    • ‘Wording has been added, and we now have legislation that should stand the test of time.’
    • ‘Trustees who conduct their duties diligently and take the right advice should have little to fear.’
    • ‘Back row forward Andy Hill faces a fitness test this week but should be passed fit to make his first appearance.’
    • ‘She said a package that included a birthday cake for her daughter was on its way and should arrive soon.’
    • ‘That situation should, however, be eased as the Christmas buying period kicks in.’
    • ‘The situation should become clearer in the next few weeks and after forthcoming elections.’
    • ‘In March, Lonmin said trading conditions should remain strong for the rest of the year.’
  • 3 formal (expressing the conditional mood) referring to a possible event or situation.

    ‘if you should change your mind, I'll be at the hotel’
    • ‘should anyone arrive late, admission is likely to be refused’
    • ‘If he feels that strongly about the current situation should he not be campaigning for someone else?’
    • ‘Perhaps other people in my situation should not disregard this opportunity if offered.’
    • ‘Huntley said that should such a situation arise, he would report it to a senior member of staff.’
    • ‘It is unlikely to stop him from doing the same thing again, however, should the situation arise.’
    • ‘If new moneys are provided by a third party in this situation, it should not be a cause of concern to the borrower.’
    • ‘Now, if we can keep as much of that wealth as possible then we should be much better off when we retire.’
    • ‘Next Sunday, he will be sub goalie and is prepared to do duty again should his team need him.’
    • ‘One of the best things about it is that it's easy to swap the vest for a bikini top should the mood take you.’
    • ‘The warden giving this ticket told me the park was private and if I didn't want to pay, I shouldn't go.’
    • ‘He declined to comment on where the buses would move to should the depot be sold.’
    • ‘So he should win the million dollars and be the subject of a documentary if all goes well.’
    • ‘If you can avoid damp and overcrowded conditions in your greenhouse, this should help.’
    • ‘If it is because of an underlying medical condition then this should be treated.’
    • ‘If you have trained, you are in good condition and you acclimatise, then you should be okay.’
    • ‘if you say that other people can use your material for commercial purposes, then you can't withdraw that permission should you change your mind.’
    • ‘The teams and manufacturers wants to stay in, should FIA also listen to what they have to say.’
    • ‘Don't ever be late for these guys should you be lucky enough to get a job.’
    • ‘Yes, if there were threats of physical violence, they should have received more cash.’
    1. 3.1(in the first person) indicating the consequence of an imagined event.
      ‘if I were to obey my first impulse, I should spend my days writing letters’
      • ‘A friend suggested if I were an American, I should pass the US Foreign Service exam.’
      • ‘I signed a ‘living will’, making it clear that, if I were terminally ill, I should receive no more than palliative care.’
  • 4Used in a clause with ‘that’ after a main clause describing feelings.

    ‘it is astonishing that we should find violence here’
    • ‘It seems to me revealing that Mr Halley and Mr Gibbins should describe him as if he were one and knew what he was doing.’
    • ‘I am astonished that you should take exception to an obviously Platonic enthusiasm.’
    • ‘He was so anxious that she should like them and they her.’
    • ‘It is shocking that we should pay many times more for the care of criminals than we do for the care of children with special needs.’
  • 5Used in a clause with ‘that’ expressing purpose.

    ‘in order that training should be effective it must be planned systematically’
    • ‘Alongside these menacing words is a call for self-sacrifice, in order that democracy should prevail.’
    • ‘He appealed to his relatives and friends to encourage the player so that he should remain focused in his football career.’
  • 6(in the first person) expressing a polite request or acceptance.

    ‘I should like some more, if I may’
    • ‘we should be grateful for your advice’
    • ‘I should be grateful if you could draw this letter to the attention of your readers.’
    • ‘I should like to complain about the failure of the BBC to cover the 50th celebration of Eurovision last night.’
    • ‘If Mr McIntyre has such evidence, I should like him to let me have it so I can investigate his claims.’
    • ‘We should be grateful for your confirmation that you will not seek to pursue the matter further.’
    • ‘We should be glad to hear your opinions on any of the articles or reviews.’
  • 7(in the first person) expressing a conjecture or hope.

    ‘he'll have a sore head, I should imagine’
    • ‘‘It won't happen again.’ ‘I should hope not.’’
    • ‘In the final analysis, we should hope that fear of global warming will subside.’
    • ‘I should imagine the Elliotts feel the same way.’
    • ‘It's not overly complicated, which would appeal to the majority I should imagine.’
    • ‘‘But he will recover?’ ‘With people like you helping him, I should think so’.’
    • ‘We should all hope that Sir John does not give in to this ill-advised bullying.’
  • 8Used to emphasize to a listener how striking an event is or was.

    ‘you should have seen Marge's face’
    • ‘You should have heard it echoing down the corridor, hilarious and beautiful all at once.’
    • ‘Oh, and you should hear the ghastly screaming noise his girlfriend makes at night.’
    • ‘If you thought that the other house had a bad record, you should hear about this one.’
    • ‘But you should have seen how awkward he was!’
    1. 8.1who/what should — butEmphasizing how surprising an event was.
      ‘I was in this shop when who should I see across the street but Tobias’
      • ‘I snuck downstairs into the luxurious media headquarters, and who should I see but the two girls from that now-famous beer commercial.’
      • ‘Our photographer was dispatched to get a picture of the distressed bird lover, but on the way back, what should he see but 30 ducks waddling towards him.’


As with shall and will, there is confusion about when to use should and would. The traditional rule is that should is used with first person pronouns (I and we), as in I said I should be late, and would is used with second and third persons (you, he, she, it, they), as in you didn't say you would be late. In practice, would is normally used instead of should in reported speech and conditional clauses: I said I would be late; if we had known we would have invited her. In spoken and informal contexts the issue rarely arises, since the distinction is obscured by the use of the contracted forms I'd, we'd, etc. In modern English uses of should are dominated by the senses relating to obligation (for which would cannot be substituted), as in you should go out more often, and for related emphatic uses, as in you should have seen her face!. For a discussion on the use of should of instead of should have, see have


Old English sceolde past of shall.