Meaning of silane in English:


Pronunciation /ˈsʌɪleɪn/


mass noun
  • 1Chemistry
    A colourless gaseous compound of silicon and hydrogen which has strong reducing properties and is spontaneously flammable in air.

    Chemical formula: SiH₄

    ‘They can contain chemicals such as acrylate, peroxides, bisphenol, formaldehyde, hexane, hydroquinone, phenol, polyurethane, silane, toluene, and xylene, some of which have been suspected of toxicity.’
    • ‘These sealers are silane or siloxane-based products that react with silica and silicate materials in concrete and with each other to form a hard resin that bonds with the concrete.’
    • ‘The use of thick gels obviated the need for bind silane.’
    • ‘But if you open up a tank of silane, you'd better have the fire department on the line already.’
    1. 1.1count noun Any of the large class of hydrides of silicon analogous to the alkanes.
      ‘Mixtures of silicone resins along with silanes and siloxanes work extremely well at blocking pores of all sizes at low solids levels, without changing the natural appearance of the blocks.’
      • ‘That is, the structurally analogous silanes - mixtures of silicon and hydrogen - are spontaneously flammable in air.’
      • ‘Siloxanes are prepolymers - the result of partial polymerization of silanes - in which the molecules are beginning to link, but only in sets of two or three, not yet in full polymeric chains.’
      • ‘Penetrants such as silanes, siloxanes and blends actually penetrate the brick surface.’
      • ‘Mixtures of modern synthetic waxes, silanes, and lime-based putty may provide the ideal solution.’


Early 20th century from silicon+ -ane.