Especially in the terminology of F. E. Clements: the equivalent of a society in an immature (developmental) plant community.
socies/ˈsəʊʃiːz/ /ˈsəʊʃɪiːz/ /ˈsəʊsiːz/
Early 20th century; earliest use found in Frederic Edward Clements (1874–1945). From classical Latin socius socius, with ending modelled after that of speciēs species see quot. 1916 (in which Clements's assumption is that classical Latin socius and sequī ‘to follow’ are cognate).