Meaning of sputnik in English:


Pronunciation /ˈspʊtnɪk/ /ˈspʌtnɪk/


  • Each of a series of Soviet artificial satellites, the first of which (launched on 4 October 1957) was the first satellite to be placed in orbit.

    ‘Ever since the Soviets launched sputnik in 1957, satellites have been part of our consciousness.’
    • ‘The first sputnik and Yuriy Gagarin's flight on April 12, 1961 made this country a great space power.’
    • ‘In Russian, the word sputnik means a travelling companion.’
    space station, space capsule, spacecraft


Russian, literally ‘fellow-traveller’.