Meaning of starch in English:

starch

Translate starch into Spanish

noun

mass noun
  • 1An odourless, tasteless white substance occurring widely in plant tissue and obtained chiefly from cereals and potatoes. It is a polysaccharide which functions as a carbohydrate store and is an important constituent of the human diet.

    • ‘The most important polysaccharides are starch, cellulose and glycogen.’
    • ‘Starchy materials which contain more complex carbohydrates, including starch and insulin, require several steps before fermentation.’
    • ‘The contents of protein, sugar, starch and lysine in maize plant are critical to maize quality.’
    • ‘Glucose, in turn, is used as an eventual building block for sucrose, starch, and other carbohydrates.’
    • ‘Virtually all of the carbohydrate accumulated as starch and sucrose during the day was degraded at night.’
    • ‘But Vicki Finkenstadt and J.L. Willett have shown that plant polysaccharides, such as starch and cellulose, work just as well.’
    • ‘From these results, it was proposed that sucrose metabolism following rapid starch degradation plays an important role in energy production and growth of pondweed turions under anoxia.’
    • ‘The starch stored in natural plant sugars is harvested and then the sugar is fermented into lactic acid.’
    • ‘Rhodophytes store their energy surplus from photosynthesis in the form of floridean starch, a carbohydrate assembled from approximately 15 glucose units.’
    • ‘This decrease of invertase activities resulted in a decreased hexose: sucrose ratio accompanied by starch and protein deposition.’
    • ‘They stored more soluble carbohydrates than starch, with concentrations five to ten times higher than those in flower buds or vegetative organs.’
    • ‘Loci detected by genes functional in starch and hexose metabolism or transport are shaded gray.’
    • ‘For example, soft drink manufacturers use a heat stable enzyme to turn starch from potatoes into sugar that can then be used in soft drinks.’
    • ‘The three types of complex carbohydrates of nutritional importance are fiber, starch, and glycogen.’
    • ‘The sugars are often linked together for easy storage into a complex carbohydrate called starch.’
    • ‘Unbranched starch is called amylose; branched starch is called amylopectin.’
    • ‘Nodules were extracted and assayed for starch, sucrose, glucose, fructose, total amino acids, and ureides as described previously.’
    • ‘Enzymatically, amylase breaks starch into maltose and glucose.’
    • ‘Sucrose can be converted to all other forms of carbohydrates, such as starch, as a storage compound in the roots and trunks, and cellulose, which is present in all cells.’
    • ‘Yamada provided extensive data showing the rapid loss of starch and total carbohydrates during submergence in leaves, leaf sheaths and roots.’
    1. 1.1Food containing starch.
      ‘they eat far too much starch’
      • ‘Vegetarians base their diet on four main food groups: starch, legumes, fruits and vegetables.’
      • ‘Insulin is a hormone needed to convert sugar, starch and other foods into energy needed for daily life.’
      • ‘If protein foods are eaten with starch, six or more hours are needed depending on the type of protein.’
      • ‘A life food diet excludes cooked food and starch because they cause mold, fungi, and yeast to form in the body.’
      • ‘He also instructs his readers to avoid starch, sugar, and flour based foods and to prefer light meats, greens, root vegetables, cabbage, and fruit.’
      • ‘Indeed, some athletes have found success in reducing their intake of starch and replacing it with high-protein foods.’
      • ‘For lunch, the main meal of the day, people eat soup, meat, a main-course starch, vegetables, and a salad.’
      • ‘A basic meal comprises a starch food, preferably soft or hard taro, tapioca, or rice, and a protein food, normally fish.’
      • ‘Thus his diet promotes the eating of fats and proteins rather then starch, sugars and carbohydrates.’
      • ‘In the northeast of England, food is heavy, solid, comforting; filled with protein, carbohydrates, starch, and grease.’
      • ‘This plant has a wide distribution in tropical Africa and is an important source of starch and protein for Africans.’
      • ‘There is no meat (apart from fish) no bread, protein, starch, carbohydrates… nothing but leaves, nuts and berries.’
      • ‘In a large bowl, combine the lobster, scallops, shrimp, egg white and potato starch; mix well to combine.’
      • ‘Fold the vanilla, vinegar, and potato starch into the egg white mixture.’
      • ‘For the lobster noodles: In a food processor combine the lobster meat, egg white, potato starch, and yam.’
      • ‘To qualify, there should be a carbohydrate or starch source such as rice, pasta, or potatoes, some protein as in meat or eggs and vegetables or fruit to provide vitamins and minerals.’
      • ‘It is true that our body needs the four food groups: protein, starch, vitamins and minerals, and fats, but they all cannot be digested at the same time.’
      • ‘Eat either protein or starch combined with vegetables other than the potato.’
      • ‘The traditional German diet is high in starch (noodles and dumplings in the south, potatoes in the north).’
      • ‘The last group includes energy food, including animal and plant oil, starch and wine.’
  • 2Powder or spray made from starch and used before ironing to stiffen fabric or clothing.

    ‘crisp linen, stiff with starch’
    • ‘A press cloth also prevents the build-up of fabric finishes and spray starch on the iron soleplate.’
    • ‘A good sewing tip from Sharon is to use spray starch on the fabric.’
    • ‘You'll need a good iron, a hard surface to iron on (preferably an ironing board), and some spray starch.’
    • ‘White shirts and blouses, pillowcases and such also had to be starched - and we're not talking starch sprayed out of a can.’
    • ‘A little spray starch with the iron will help too.’
    • ‘To ensure a smooth, soil-resistant surface, apply liquid starch to the fabric top surface in the same manner.’
    • ‘One can also get various varieties of soaps, bleaching powders, starch powder and different varieties of pickles made by the self-employment units funded by the Khadi board.’
    • ‘Use spray starch on knit edges that tend to curl.’
    • ‘A consciousness raising group turns into a commercial for spray starch.’
    • ‘The Minor test involves painting the affected area of the skin with iodine solution and after allowing time for drying, dusting the area with starch powder.’
    • ‘The starch and cellulose powder used in Z Corp's 3D Printers also works very well.’
    • ‘And the button-down variety always felt like they'd been dipped in starch, stiff and scratchy.’
    • ‘At this point in time, his evening suit was wrinkled, although it was normally pressed and stiff with starch.’
    • ‘Most hospital filtration systems are not adequate to filter out the fine latex-laden starch powder.’
    • ‘It may contain any of the diluents, with the exception of starch, permitted for powdered extracts.’
    • ‘As a remedy, kuzu root is used in two ways: as powdered starch and as whole dried root.’
    • ‘Taro has also sometimes been used to make a powdered starch resembling arrowroot.’
  • 3Stiffness of manner or character.

    ‘the starch in her voice’
    • ‘The British reviews were cold and formal... The great Romantic critics had not appeared, to take the starch out of their pompous manners.’

verb

[with object]
  • 1Stiffen (fabric or clothing) with starch.

    ‘starch your collar to keep it straight and stiff’
    • ‘The waiters have new uniforms: pinstripe trousers, tail coats, starched shirts with black ties.’
    • ‘The war days, the old meeting places and the hours spent starching shirts are all recalled in the special publication.’
    • ‘Surely Langlands & Bell could not survive this far from a place that starches shirts?’
    • ‘He wore a white starched jacket and swept hair from the floor, cleaned mirrors and was eventually given the chance to learn how to shampoo.’
    • ‘But you have to have discipline to iron and starch a shirt.’
    • ‘He worked fourteen hours a day, wore identical white starched shirts and slept in his office.’
    • ‘Not a hard task considering how starched the jacket was.’
    • ‘Skirts were starched so heavily they could stand by themselves.’
    • ‘It was true; he was wearing a white starched shirt, with a white vest, and a thick grey tweed suit jacket.’
    • ‘He was dressed elegantly in severe black evening wear, crisply white starched shirt and intricately tied cravat.’
    • ‘In my undergraduate day we came out of medical schools with shiny doctor's badges on our freshly starched white coats, ironed lovingly by our proud mothers.’
    • ‘Assembling on the surgical ward for our first ward round, we were like snowmen on parade, with freshly starched white coats and stethoscopes shyly peeping from pockets.’
    • ‘The restaurant has heavy starched white linen tablecloths and huge antique Siamese chairs with mother-of-pearl inlaid backs.’
    • ‘In typical French fashion, the tables had starched white linen covers, with contrasting yellow and blue napkins.’
    • ‘Tables have heavily starched white linen tablecloths and bright red napkins as contrast.’
    • ‘I just wish the pilot wasn't wearing shiny black shoes, pressed black trousers, and a white, starched shirt with epaulettes that vaguely suggest a naval uniform.’
    • ‘And for just as long, it's also been known as a place where mostly white guys in mostly starched shirts hold all the cards.’
    • ‘He was wearing a neatly pressed and starched white shirt, with a lovely dark blue tie.’
    • ‘She had four children and her husband insisted that she starch all of his shirts and iron them every morning.’
    • ‘First, you can always start buying top of the line shirts with crisper collars and have them starched every time you wear them.’
  • 2North American informal (of a boxer) defeat (an opponent) by a knockout.

    • ‘Ray Domenge starched Jeff Geddami in the first’
    • ‘Wlad Klitschko was a last minute replacement and Tye starched him in round 1.’

Phrases

    take the starch out of
    US
    • Deflate or humiliate (someone)

      ‘a blistering body attack took all the starch out of the boxer’
      • ‘If they can make the Bulls pay for crowding Wade and fronting Shaq, it will take the starch out of Chicago's defense and force it to back off.’
      • ‘It netted 22 yards and seemed to take the starch out of Tennessee's blitzing defense.’
      • ‘I didn't want him to go so fast as to take the starch out of him.’
      • ‘Still, Truman's political troubles did not take the starch out of him, and his correspondence contains many examples of his typically blunt language.’
      • ‘She ran a terrific race until Horse Killer Hill took the starch out of her at 45.’
      • ‘Maybe the Sunday night victory party at the beach-front home of his lawyer Glenn Cohen took the starch out of him.’
      • ‘But they scored six runs against us and took the starch out of us.’
      • ‘The fees and other charges took the starch out of me.’
      • ‘However, the climb out of that amazing canyon really took the starch out of me.’
      • ‘My doctor first tried a beta blocker, but it caused shortness of breath and took the starch out of me.’

Origin

Old English (recorded only in the past participle sterced ‘stiffened’), of Germanic origin; related to Dutch sterken, German stärken ‘strengthen’, also to stark.

Pronunciation

starch

/stɑːtʃ/