Meaning of sterilization in English:


Pronunciation /stɛrɪlʌɪˈzeɪʃ(ə)n/

Translate sterilization into Spanish


(also British sterilisation)
mass noun
  • 1The process of making something free from bacteria or other living microorganisms.

    ‘disinfection and sterilization of surgical equipment’
    • ‘the food processing plant has undergone three sterilizations supervised by a microbiologist’
    • ‘One of the issues that led to the suspension is the sterilisation of trucks transporting animals to abattoirs.’
    • ‘Plastic syringes can be sterilized in a microwave oven, which is another method of heat sterilization.’
    • ‘Given the state of their drinking water, anything that offered a little sterilisation could add a few years to a person's life.’
    • ‘Tensile-strength data collected before and after sterilization can help predict any changes in the strength of the material.’
    • ‘For more than 40 years ago, this processing has proven very effective for the sterilization of medical products.’
  • 2Surgery to make a person or animal unable to produce offspring.

    ‘she had three children and had undergone sterilization’
    • ‘in the years preceding the case, the number of sterilizations performed there rose dramatically’
    • ‘The eugenics movement lobbied fiercely in favour of measures of forced sterilization for entire categories of the population.’
    • ‘One of the girls was adopted, but the rest of the family moved around a lot to avoid fines or sterilization.’
    • ‘They continue to make the assertion that contraception, sterilization, and abortion-inducing drugs are part of healthcare.’
    • ‘In their story about contraception, they discreetly avoid mention of sterilization.’
    • ‘As a young man, he advocated sterilization for "mental defectives."’