Meaning of Swaraj in English:


Pronunciation /swəˈrɑːdʒ/


mass noun historical
  • Self-government or independence for India.

    ‘Gandhi said that he was working for winning Swaraj ‘for those toiling and unemployed millions who do not get even a square meal a day and have to scratch along with a piece of stale roti and a pinch of salt.’’
    • ‘The influence of Marxist literature led her to become one of the founding members of the Congress Socialist Party in 1934 and the fight for Swaraj also was tinged with a craving for Marxist socialism.’
    • ‘However all was not well amongst Indians and Gandhi sought to squelch the charge that his was ‘a movement not for Swaraj but Hindu Raj and against Musalamans’.’
    • ‘From the 1920s to early 1940s, he led a series of passive resistance campaigns in pursuit of Swaraj (self-rule), which redefined the character of Indian nationalism.’
    • ‘In other words will it lead to Swaraj for the hungry and spiritually starving millions?’


From Sanskrit svarājya, from sva ‘own’ + rājya ‘rule’; compare with Raj.