Meaning of synchrony in English:


Pronunciation /ˈsɪŋkrəni/


mass noun
  • 1Simultaneous action, development, or occurrence.

    ‘Brain research has shown that using sound phasing for brain synchrony will adjust the brain waves to deeper states down to the delta wave pattern.’
    • ‘Like Sex and the City and Friends, both of which recently concluded, Frasier was about the peculiar contemporary synchrony of adolescent crisis and midlife crisis.’
    • ‘The early changes involved a delay in the timing of electrical recovery of the heart muscle following each beat, whereas the later changes involved the loss of electrical synchrony among various regions of the heart.’
    • ‘I could explain why it was gravitational synchrony that caused certain asteroids to be flung out of the asteroid belt and ultimately to strike our planet, probably extinguishing the dinosaurs and many other creatures.’
    • ‘The debate over whether pheromones affect human behavior is hardly over, but at least enough evidence has been collected that a consensus has emerged on some effects, such as menstrual synchrony.’
    • ‘Much research has focused on understanding breeding synchrony in animals and its relationship to such issues as mating systems and extrapair copulations in birds.’
    • ‘We think it is pathophysiologically linked to menstrual synchrony.’
    • ‘It is closely related to topi and wildebeest, both of which show extreme birth synchrony.’
    • ‘This simultaneous activation of motor units, i.e., motor unit synchrony, has been examined to better understand its effect on motion and forces within and across digits.’
    • ‘They promptly activated the aforementioned portable photometer-chart recorder and obtained the first electronic recording of firefly synchrony.’
    • ‘Laying-stage incubation presents a paradox for hatching synchrony: our data show that not all embryos are incubated for the same length of time, so some mechanisms must exist to synchronize hatch.’
    • ‘However, if effective incubation begins during the laying cycle, hatching synchrony must be attributable to some mechanism other than the initiation of incubation after clutch completion.’
    • ‘Finally, we address current research that suggests that motor unit synchrony across hand muscles and muscle compartments might be one of the neural mechanisms underlying the control of grasping.’
    • ‘The common yellowthroat is a neotropical migratory warbler that is similar in many respects to other warblers whose patterns of extrapair fertilization have been related to breeding synchrony.’
    • ‘Whether breeding synchrony has resulted in the evolution of extrapair mating systems or whether it correlates with a yet unknown factor that is responsible for EPFs remains to be determined.’
    • ‘The shape of the nonlinear regression line indicates that chlorophyll synchrony between two lakes is very sensitive to differences in stratification intensity.’
    • ‘Host/insect synchrony is mediated in R. pomonella through variation in the depth of the overwintering pupal diapause.’
    • ‘The pairs stay in close proximity, exhibit behavioral synchrony, and locate and maintain incubation sites together.’
    • ‘Reptiles generally are intermittent lung breathers that exhibit a pronounced cardiorespiratory synchrony.’
    • ‘The astronomical world remained silent about this remarkable astral synchrony in time and space, even though April 12 th is Astronomy Day.’
    1. 1.1The state of operating or developing according to the same time scale as something else.
      ‘some individuals do not remain in synchrony with the twenty-four-hour day’
      • ‘This external fact of life has its counterpart in our bodies; somewhere in the dawn of time these fundamental rhythms were etched into our brains, so that we would be organized in synchrony with our environment.’
      • ‘Animals at rest have been shown to use their spiracles, sometimes in synchrony with their mouth for respiration, but it is not clear whether spiracles play a role in respiration during swimming.’
      • ‘Temperature is one of the main signals that keep the circadian clock in synchrony with the environment.’
      • ‘The first group is made up of the nine thirteen-inch monitors along the back row which function in synchrony with each other, transposing images from monitor to monitor.’
      • ‘Participants are required to complete various hand and foot exercises in synchrony with the beat.’
      • ‘In this paper we analyze the phenology and synchrony of birth seasons in the context of two major limiting factors, food supply and predation.’
      • ‘We found moderate to strong synchrony across muscles and muscles compartments.’
      • ‘Environmental events and biological events that once made sense together are losing their synchrony.’
      • ‘One explanation is that subpopulations that fluctuate independently might be brought into synchrony by extrinsic factors such as spells of adverse weather.’
      • ‘However, if the theory of underconnectivity proves valid, therapies that stimulate brain areas to work in synchrony might also offer some benefit.’
      • ‘Two ideally synchronized clocks need not stay in synchrony if they undergo different accelerations or different gravitational forces.’
      • ‘If you pause the experience with your TiVo, you fall from synchrony with the rest of the audience, exiting the moment without a return pass.’
      • ‘These authors concluded that both climate and dispersal might be responsible for maintaining large-scale synchrony.’
      • ‘It may have been due to a widespread extrinsic factor, such as bad weather, that brought many populations into synchrony.’
      • ‘When during the dance you reach a perfect balance and synchrony with your partner and the music it feels like nothing else!’
      • ‘The performance culminates with an attractive dance featuring six drums and a mass of dancing female crows with amazing movement synchrony and effective choreography.’
      • ‘So here were twelve people, strangers until last week, trying to dance in perfect synchrony.’
      • ‘Painstaking frame-by-frame analysis of videotaped interactions between mothers and babies as young as eight weeks of age show the pair to be in remarkable synchrony, responding to each other in subtle yet precise ways.’
      • ‘The reported student's pet peeves were the exit control desks, and ‘the lack of synchrony between library opening hours and circulations service.’’
      • ‘On stage, they perform in near-perfect synchrony and unison.’
  • 2Synchronic treatment or study.

    ‘the structuralist distinction between synchrony and diachrony’
    • ‘One thinks of Mikhail Bakhtin's chronotypes, which introduced synchrony into the heavily diachronic tradition of literary history.’
    • ‘Nevertheless, by relying heavily on the notions of both synchrony and diachrony, Barthesian discourse aims to express how any of a host of other discourses function without ever claiming to be the final answer.’
    • ‘Barthes declared that ' serious recourse to the nomenclature of signification ' was the mark of structuralism and advised interested readers to ' watch who uses signifier and signified, synchrony and diachrony.'’
    co-occurrence, concurrence, coincidence, coexistence, simultaneity, simultaneousness, contemporaneity, contemporaneousness, concomitance, synchronicity, synchrony


Mid 19th century from Greek sunkhronos (see synchronous).