Meaning of synecdoche in English:


Pronunciation /sɪˈnɛkdəki/

Translate synecdoche into Spanish


  • A figure of speech in which a part is made to represent the whole or vice versa, as in England lost by six wickets (meaning ‘the English cricket team’).

    ‘There is a typology of rhetorical figures of speech made up of four tropes, they in turn govern the way we operate language: metaphor, metonymy, synecdoche, and irony.’
    • ‘It is an inventive device intended to provide new perspectives- and metonymy, synecdoche, and irony all operate by the invention of perspective.’
    • ‘Such synecdoches are central to reformist representation, which relies on one ‘wretched woman’ to stand in for all.’
    • ‘I found examples of other tropes and schemes - epanalepsis, asyndeton, polysyndeton, hyperbole, metonymy, synecdoche, personification, and anadiplosis - but perhaps my point is sufficiently made.’
    • ‘But as any reader of the odes can attest, Neruda's incredible use of metaphor, simile and synecdoche, among other poetic techniques frequently confronts the reader unprepared, jolted by the sudden flash of creative spontaneity.’
    • ‘Other theorists add synecdoche and irony to complete a list of ‘four master tropes'.’
    • ‘Metonymy limited language by restricting it to ‘metaphorical extension’; synecdoche overcomes this limitation by inducement.’
    • ‘Note that this leaves aside several more difficult questions: the relationships among referents vs. the structure of the ontology, the problems of metonymy and synecdoche, elliptical variants of terms, etc.’
    • ‘I use the expression ‘all mouth and no trousers’ to introduce my sixth-formers to the distinction between synecdoche and metonymy.’
    • ‘On the other hand, the synecdoche is plain in the case of the Chalice: ‘This is my blood’, i.e. the contents of the Chalice are my blood, and hence no longer wine.’
    • ‘Night and Fog is formally constructed as a visual synecdoche, evoking a major chapter of history from a few traces remaining.’
    • ‘He, however, says that this substitution, along with many others, characterizes synecdoche.’


Late Middle English via Latin from Greek sunekdokhē, from sun- ‘together’ + ekdekhesthai ‘take up’.