Meaning of teichoic acid in English:

teichoic acid

Pronunciation /tʌɪˈkəʊɪk/

noun

mass nounBiochemistry
  • A compound present in the walls of Gram-positive bacteria. It is a polymer of ribitol or glycerol phosphate.

    ‘The ribitol teichoic acid is usually in the cell wall, and the glycerol teichoic acid is in the cell membrane, the periplasmic region, or in the cell.’
    • ‘Both the teichoic acid and the lipoteichoic acid contain phosphorylcholine; two choline residues may be covalently added to each carbohydrate repeat.’
    • ‘Ribitol teichoic acid is an important component of Staphylococcus aureus cell wall.’
    • ‘In addition novel DNA, proteins and peptides from genes and proteins associated with bacterial teichoic acid biosynthetic pathways, specifically the rodC gene and proteins and variations thereof are disclosed.’

Origin

1950s teichoic from Greek teikhos ‘wall’ + -ic.