Main meanings of tope in English

: tope1tope2tope3tope4

tope1

Pronunciation /təʊp/

verb

[no object] archaic, literary
  • Drink alcohol to excess, especially on a regular basis.

    • ‘he was toping the while from a flagon of sack’
    intoxicated, inebriated, drunken, befuddled, incapable, tipsy, the worse for drink, under the influence, maudlin

Origin

Mid 17th century perhaps an alteration of obsolete top ‘overbalance’; perhaps from Dutch toppen ‘slant or tilt a ship's yard’.

Main meanings of tope in English

: tope1tope2tope3tope4

tope2

Pronunciation /təʊp/

noun

another term for stupa

Origin

From Punjabi thūp, thop ‘barrow, mound’, apparently related to Sanskrit stūpa.

Main meanings of tope in English

: tope1tope2tope3tope4

tope3

Pronunciation /təʊp/

noun

  • (in South Asia) a grove or plantation of trees, especially mango trees.

    • ‘In 1894, Rice reported that there were about 2000 topes with about 100,000 trees in the entire Bangalore District.’
    plantation, farm, holding

Origin

From Telugu tōpu or Tamil tōppu.

Main meanings of tope in English

: tope1tope2tope3tope4

tope4

Pronunciation /təʊp/

noun

  • A small greyish slender-bodied shark, occurring chiefly in inshore waters.

    Genus Galeorhinus, family Carcharhinidae: the East Atlantic G. galeus, favoured by British sea anglers, and the commercially important G. australis of Australia

    ‘Chunking in the vicinity of fish means blue sharks, tope and spurdogs.’
    • ‘What looked like a cross between a tope and a bull huss looked decidedly unhappy and I had to run over and get a glimpse of the biggest fish I had ever seen taken from the shore.’
    • ‘The tope shark is considered harmless to humans because of its small size and its preference for small prey items.’
    • ‘These roll around until they hit the reef where the baits are and add smell to the water to help the tope home in on your baits.’
    • ‘None of us knew how to handle a shark or tope of this size and I feared for a serious injury if we landed it.’
    • ‘The tope is closely related to the blue shark and shares many of the features of this fish.’
    • ‘Scottish waters see incoming tope from June, with peak numbers later in August, though September can be very good.’
    • ‘Ireland also holds a wealth of beach and rock fishing with the tope more evenly spread than on the UK mainland.’
    • ‘On the other hand, I have been invited to fly-fish for pollock and tope off the Mull of Galloway in a couple of weeks.’
    • ‘The sea angling season to date has seen an improvement on last year with big catches of tope and codling reported.’
    • ‘By casting uptide anglers started to double the numbers of cod, tope and rays caught in many other areas’

Origin

Late 17th century perhaps of Cornish origin.