1 non standard Translation into another language; a translation.
2Chiefly . Transmission, especially of the soul or of original sin, to one's offspring or posterity; derivation from ancestry or heredity; descent.
Common in the 17th century.
3 rare More generally: the action or fact of transmitting or conveying something; transmission (in later use especially of culture, tradition, etc.); transfer, conveyance; passing on, handing down.
4The action or an act of traducing or defaming someone or something; defamation, slander, calumny, traducement.
rare A process of making inferences about a particular instance, which proceeds by equivalences or equalities rather than by going from specific to general (as in induction) or from general to specific (as often in deduction).
This process was not regarded as valid by most logicians, and so the term fell out of general use.
Early 16th century (in an earlier sense). From (i) Middle French traduction (French traduction) action of delivering, rhetorical figure involving repetition of a word or of related words, the action of translating into another language, the translated text (both 1540).