A member of the House of Commons representing a university or group of universities and elected by all graduates of the university or universities concerned.
The parliamentary representation of universities originated in Scotland and was introduced into England and Ireland under James I. University seats were abolished in the United Kingdom under the Representation of the People Act 1948. The number of university members varied over time with the number and political power of the universities. Upon abolition there were 12, with Oxford and Cambridge electing two each.
Late 18th century; earliest use found in James Burgh (1714–1775), educationist and author.