Meaning of vigorous in English:

vigorous

adjective

  • 1Strong, healthy, and full of energy.

    ‘a tall, vigorous, and muscular man’
    • ‘And the pope, we're told, kept up his full, vigorous schedule this Christmas Eve, despite his frail health.’
    • ‘Be vigorous and full of energy, and make ceaseless efforts.’
    • ‘After a healthy life, this vigorous, energetic, dynamic man was gone at age 59.’
    • ‘So, the first thing that is needed is a vigorous strategy for pursuing full employment and eliminating poverty.’
    • ‘The Concertino is vigorous, full of delightful ideas, well worked-out.’
    • ‘This is a vigorous and healthy industry with a strong foundation.’
    • ‘Michael Howard, Tory leader: ‘Local press play a crucial role in keeping local democracy vigorous and healthy.’’
    • ‘The Romanow report gives vigorous expression to the health care system as a reflection of Canada's social values, and as a way that Canadians define themselves.’
    • ‘In place of the slender, dark Italian fashion victims, the young women of Austria were blonde and freshly scrubbed, with vigorous, healthy chests and an engaging manner.’
    • ‘How can you trumpet a strong military and a vigorous foreign policy and then insist on small government?’
    • ‘We're not getting anything done to keep our economy vigorous and strong, whether it be manufacturing, services or anything else.’
    • ‘The soul that is vigorous and healthy will experience spiritual pleasure, while the soul that is ill or injured will experience spiritual pain.’
    • ‘There's no question that patients can live a healthy, normal, vigorous life after having a cardiac event.’
    • ‘This program will tell us what is now known about aging, how to slow aging and create healthy, vigorous older years.’
    • ‘Our data, however, suggest a need for more vigorous public health strategies to eliminate the influence of these products on children.’
    • ‘A strong and vigorous culture of learning and teaching needs to be brought back to the classroom as a matter of urgency.’
    • ‘Faced with a crisis of enormous proportions, how do we motivate governments to mount a vigorous public health response?’
    • ‘As a research discipline, archaeology remains in vigorous good health.’
    • ‘Exhibitors reported strong attendance and vigorous sales, with a collective total reaching more than $55 million.’
    • ‘Everyone sees the need for a strong and vigorous domestic steel industry.’
    robust, healthy, in good health, hale and hearty, strong, strong as an horse, strong as an lion, strong as an ox, sturdy, fine, fit, in good condition, in tip-top condition, in good shape, in good trim, in good kilter
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    1. 1.1Characterized by or involving physical strength, effort, or energy.
      ‘vigorous aerobic exercise’
      • ‘Trying to sweat out a cold and fever with vigorous physical exercise is a really bad idea.’
      • ‘Unfortunately this lack of vigorous physical exercise has resulted in an increase of various illnesses.’
      • ‘The hunger I felt was the kind you could only get after using up large amounts of energy on vigorous physical activity.’
      • ‘However, vigorous aerobic exercise, like hard running or strenuous hiking, produces pronounced changes.’
      • ‘Supervised vigorous aerobic exercise programs improve smoking abstinence rates in women trying to quit smoking.’
      • ‘A further concern was that one in 10 girls and one in 20 boys reported that they took part in vigorous physical activity ‘less than once a week or never’.’
      • ‘Cortisol increases blood sugar levels, which provides the fuel for quick and vigorous physical action.’
      • ‘If you appear to have exercise-induced asthma, you may bring on symptoms by doing vigorous physical activity.’
      • ‘Persons with heart problems, diabetes or other chronic health problems should consult their physician before beginning a vigorous exercise regime.’
      • ‘How does vigorous exercise effect your energy level?’
      • ‘More than a third of young people in grades 9-12 do not regularly engage in vigorous physical activity.’
      • ‘Moderate to vigorous physical activity outside school hours was significantly higher among those pupils who walked both ways than among those using a car, bus, or train.’
      • ‘He is being put through a vigorous physical fitness programme which includes stamina, gym work, endurance running and weight training.’
      • ‘Straightening up, Miranda could see he was sweating profusely, as if he'd just finished some vigorous physical activity.’
      • ‘Half of young people between ages of 12 to 21 engage in no regular vigorous physical activity.’
      • ‘Fewer than one in four children perform 20 minutes of vigorous physical activity a day.’
      • ‘My body no longer bounces back from the vigorous physical activity I had been accustomed to.’
      • ‘However, heart transplant patients should avoid vigorous physical activities.’
      • ‘Lifestyle physical activity may be more successful than structured and more vigorous exercise in motivating sedentary and overweight persons.’
      • ‘A strong and vigorous man, George preached living life to its fullest, approaching each day with vitality and courage.’
    2. 1.2(of language) forceful.
      ‘a vigorous denial’
      • ‘It's a vigorous language, by turns colloquial and formal, precise, even-toned, elegant, sly, ironic, subtle and funny.’
      • ‘Certainly, despite vigorous denials, there was tension between the two during filming.’
      • ‘She shook her head in vigorous denial, and Angel and Doyle both glanced at her.’
      • ‘Desdemona speaks in a vigorous plain language with a strong ethical dimension.’
      • ‘The language is often colloquial and vigorous.’
      • ‘Democracies may not make physical war against one another, but they certainly engage in vigorous and even aggressive trade disputes.’
      • ‘Against her mother's vigorous objections, Di decides to go by foot to the city to find Changyu.’
      • ‘But even this simple statement will meet vigorous objections from some.’
      • ‘She married in the face of vigorous objections from her family.’
      • ‘It's easy to imagine idealized law schools, places full of vigorous debate.’
      • ‘There's sometimes a fine line between vigorous, healthy debate and angry, unproductive arguments.’
      • ‘A healthy level of vigorous debate is the vital spark of any relationship.’
      • ‘This is a full and vigorous debate, and the member is within the Standing Orders.’
      • ‘Change comes from healthy and vigorous debate - and, yes, criticism.’
      • ‘We are committed to a healthy and vigorous debate at the state level in which the people decide, not judges.’
      • ‘Perhaps we are, after all, engaged in a vigorous and healthy debate - on radio at least.’
      • ‘I would like to thank the opposition for their vigorous and strong opposition, he added.’
      • ‘Therefore the object is more likely to be damage limitation and compromise rather than vigorous defence through a strong intellectual argument.’
      • ‘Still, there are those who would stifle healthy and vigorous discussion of economic issues in the name of authority.’
      • ‘‘Yardley Oak’ is an account of the life of a tree and it shows all Cowper's strengths in its vigorous blank verse.’
      strenuous, powerful, potent, forceful, forcible, spirited, mettlesome, determined, resolute, aggressive, eager, keen, active, enthusiastic, zealous, ardent, fervent, vehement, intense, intensive, passionate, fiery, wild, unrestrained, uncontrolled, unbridled
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Origin

Middle English via Old French from medieval Latin vigorosus, from Latin vigor (see vigour).

Pronunciation

vigorous

/ˈvɪɡ(ə)rəs/