A gymnospermous plant of desert regions in south-western Africa that has a dwarf, massive trunk, two long strap-shaped leaves, and male and female flowers in the scales of scarlet cones. It is remarkable for its ability to extract moisture from fog.
Welwitschia mirabilis, family Welwitschiaceae‘Here you find the most extreme desert adapted fauna and flora including Hartmann's Mountain zebra, chameleons, 1,000 year old welwitschia and quiver trees.’
- ‘A single pair of leaves is the sum total of the foliage that welwitschias produce in their lifetime.’
- ‘The Centre is also monitoring a population of welwitschias further upriver, at the site of the old Hope copper mine.’
- ‘According to George Lindsay, welwitschias also absorb moisture in the form of dense fog that flows over the Namib Desert.’
- ‘I lived among welwitschia in Northwest Namibia and fond them fascinating.’
Mid 19th century modern Latin, named after Friedrich Welwitsch (1806–72), Austrian botanist.