1A cereal which is the most important kind grown in temperate countries, the grain of which is ground to make flour for bread, pasta, pastry, etc.
Genus Triticum, family Gramineae: several species, including bread wheat (T. aestivum) and durum wheat, and many distinctive cultivars‘Other Iron Age crops included the more ancient emmer wheat (Triticum dicoccum, which was grown on light soils), bread wheat, oats, rye, peas, Celtic beans, and flax.’
- ‘Three species exist both as wild and domesticated wheats, einkorn, emmer, and breadwheat.’
- ‘The many thousands of grains comprise not just emmer and naked barley, but also bread wheat - which points clearly to the Neolithic - and linseed.’
- ‘Items to be covered include options in crop sequences, wheat breeding directions, tramline farming, potential for durum wheats, lupins and various pests and their control.’
- ‘Perhaps 2,000 years later, durum wheat hybridised with goat grass to give us bread wheat.’
- ‘Barley is also an important cereal crop species ranking fourth in the world after rice, the wheats, and maize.’
- ‘Oats are among the most nutritious of cereals, containing as much protein as the finest bread wheat, and higher levels of fat than any other common cereal.’
- ‘For instance, bread wheat is hexaploid with three (A, B, and D) genomes, each containing seven pairs of homoeologous chromosomes.’
- ‘Seeds of diploid wheats and primitive tetraploid wheats (ssp. dicoccum) were obtained from Dr CI Kling (State Plant Breeding Institute, University Hohenheim, Stuttgart).’
- ‘Therefore, it was well accepted, as Candolle had suggested in 1886, that since wild wheats grow in the Euphrates basin, wheat cultivation must have originated there.’
- ‘It is well known that red-grained wheats show a wider variation in grain dormancy than white-grained wheats.’
- ‘Bulgaria's State Agriculture Fund has started selecting grain producers for buying out bread wheat for the newly set up Grain Commodity Fund.’
- ‘One consequence was that the wheat grown in Britain had only about a quarter of the selenium content of imported wheats, due to lower levels in the soil.’
- ‘The country's main crops are olives, vines, maize and hard wheats.’
- ‘Hard wheats - like durum have a high gluten content (hi protein) and this is often used for bread and commercially made & dried pasta.’
- ‘The wilderness of saltbush and scrub has given way to orchards and vineyards, to wheats and rice.’
- ‘I share the seed with people who are interested in growing the old wheats.’
- ‘The land at Scampston is mainly sandy, so only first wheats are grown.’
- ‘The creation of Marquis wheat, forerunner of nearly all bread wheats in western Canada, illustrates how plant breeders built on the legacy left by generations of farmers.’
- ‘Australia's high protein white wheats have been ideal for making bread, pastas and noodles - very attractive to the Asian markets.’
- 1.1The grain of wheat.
- ‘Despite this, the trials of other feed grain wheats and forage cereal varieties east of Bairnsdale continue to attract the interest of growers.’
Old English hwǣte of Germanic origin; related to Dutch weit, German Weizen, also to white.